8th New York Heavy Artillery

   

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in New York Infantry

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Note: The 8th New York Heavy Artillery served as an infantry unit throughout the Siege of Petersburg.

Muster In: August 22, 18621
Muster Out: June 5, 18652

Commander(s):
Colonel Joel B. Baker
Commander Image

Lieutenant Colonel Willard W. Bates
Commander Image

Major Erastus M. Spaulding
Commander Image

Major Joseph W. Holmes
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: Fourth Brigade | Second Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army3,4

Second Offensive Order of Battle: Fourth Brigade | Second Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army8,9

  • Commander:
    • Lieutenant Colonel Willard W. Bates (June 15-22?) (wounded June 22, 1864)(later died of his wounds, prior to July 4, 1864)10,11,12
    • Major Erastus M. Spaulding (June 22-29, 1864)13,14,15
  • Unit Strength: 604 officers and men PFD (June 23, 1864)16
  • Weapons: Springfield Rifles (.58 caliber) (June 30, 1864)17

Third Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Second Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army18,19

  • Commander: Major Erastus M. Spaulding (July 31, 1864)20,21
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Second Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army22,23

  • Commander:
    • Major Erastus M. Spaulding (August 10, 1864)24
    • Captain Joseph W. Holmes (August 31, 1864)25
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Second Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army26

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Second Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army27

  • Commander: Major Joseph W. Holmes (October 31, 1864)28
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Second Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army29

  • Commander: Major Joel B. Baker (December 31, 1864)30
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Second Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army31,32

  • Commander: Colonel Joel B. Baker (January 31 & February 28, 1865)33,34
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles35:

  • Before Petersburg June 16-18.
  • Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865.
  • Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23, 1864.
  • Demonstration north of the James July 27-29.
  • Deep Bottom July 27-28.
  • Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30 (Reserve).
  • Demonstration north of the James August 13-20.
  • Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18.
  • Ream’s Station August 25.
  • Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run, October 27-28.
  • Watkin’s House March 25, 1865.
  • Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.
  • Crow’s House March 31.
  • Fall of Petersburg April 2.
  • Sailor’s Creek April 6.
  • High Bridge and Farmville April 7.
  • Appomattox Court House April 9.
  • Surrender of Lee and his army.

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    3. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p,. 221: However, after the old Second Brigade, Second Division, II Corps was broken up on June 26, 1864, the Fourth Brigade became the new Second Brigade.
    4. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 544: On June 30, 1864, the date used for the organization of the Army of the Potomac in this document, the Fourth Brigade had become the Second Brigade already.
    5. Sgt. T. J. Dean Letter June 23, 1864 in possession of Kathryn W. Lerch and part of manuscript history of Eighth New York Heavy Artillery 1862-1865
    6. Private James J. Sherman, Company G, 8th N. Y. Heavy Artillery Letter June 24, 1864. Part of collection of letters for Kathryn W. Lerch’s manuscript history of Eighth New York Heavy Artillery, with permission from the Genesee County History Department, Batavia, New York
    7. Volume 14 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 8th New York Heavy Artillery Entry, Page 11; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    8. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p,. 221: However, after the old Second Brigade, Second Division, II Corps was broken up on June 26, 1864, the Fourth Brigade became the new Second Brigade.
    9. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 544: On June 30, 1864, the date used for the organization of the Army of the Potomac in this document, the Fourth Brigade had become the Second Brigade already.
    10. Sgt. T. J. Dean Letter June 23, 1864 in possession of Kathryn W. Lerch and part of manuscript history of Eighth New York Heavy Artillery 1862-1865
    11. Private James J. Sherman, Company G, 8th N. Y. Heavy Artillery Letter June 24, 1864. Part of collection of letters for Kathryn W. Lerch’s manuscript history of Eighth New York Heavy Artillery, with permission from the Genesee County History Department, Batavia, New York
    12. Death of Col. Bates.” Brockport (NY) Republic. July 7, 1864, p. 3 col. 2: “Col. W. W. Bates, of Kendall, an officer of the 8th N. Y. Artillery, (a regiment raised in Orleans and Niagara counties,) was killed in the fight at Petersburg.  His body was brought home, and his funeral services were held at the residence of his father, in Kendall, on Monday last (July 4, 1864).”
    13. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 544
    14. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), pp. 381-382
    15. The dates in command are from 8th NYHA historian Kathryn Lerch
    16. From the 8th N.Y. Artillery,” Batavia (NY) Republican Advocate, July 12, 1864, p. ? col. ?
    17. Volume 14 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 8th New York Heavy Artillery Entry, Page 11; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    18. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 252
    19. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 730
    20. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 730
    21. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), pp. 381-382
    22. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 613: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    23. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), pages 118, 130: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (August 1864)”
    24. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), pp. 381-382
    25. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 613: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    26. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1298.
    27. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), p. 459
    28. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), p. 459
    29. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), p. 1116
    30. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), p. 1116
    31. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), p. 326
    32. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), p. 740
    33. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), p. 326: Baker was a Lt. Colonel on January 31, 1865.
    34. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), p. 740
    35. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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