105th Pennsylvania Infantry

   

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in Pennsylvania Infantry

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this regiment’s role at the Siege of Petersburg? Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen. We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Muster In: Organized at Pittsburg September 9, 18611
Muster Out: July 11, 18652

Commander(s):
Colonel Calvin A. Craig
CalvinACraig105thPA3

Major Levi B. Duff
LeviBDuff105thPA4

Major James Miller
JamesMiller105thPA5

Captain Charles E. Patton
Commander Image

Captain John C. Conser
JohnCConser105thPA6

Captain Oliver C. Redic
OliverCRedic105thPA7

Commander 7
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Third Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army8,9

  • Commander:
    • Major Levi B. Duff (at least June 16-18, 1864)(wounded and lost a limb June 18,, 1864)10
    • ? June 18, 1864 (after Duff was wounded)
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons: Springfield Rifles (.58 caliber) (June 30, 1864)11

Second Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Third Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army12,13

Third Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Third Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union17,18

  • Commander: Colonel Calvin A. Craig (July 11 & 31, 1864)(slightly wounded July 11, 1864 bu stayed in command)19,20
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Third Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army21,22

  • Commander:
    • Colonel Calvin A. Craig (early August, sometime between August 1-12, 1864)23
    • Captain Charles E. Patton (August 15-16, 1864)(while Craig was commanding 2/3/II/AotP)24 Brigade.”]
    • Captain John C. Conser (August 17 & 31, 1864)25,26
  • Unit Strength: ~139 (but maybe 121) officers and men PFD (July 4, 1864)27,28
  • Weapons:

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Third Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army29,30

  • Commander:
    • Major John C. Conser (October 27, 1864)(killed October 27, 1864)31
    • Captain James Miller (at least October 28-29, 1864)32
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Third Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army33,34

  • Commander: Captain James Miller (October 31, 1864)35
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:  Spencer’s Breech-loading Rifles (sometime between October 6-24, 1864)36

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Third Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army37 ,38

  • Commander: Captain James Miller (December 31, 1864)39
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: This regiment participated in Warren’s Stony Creek, or “Apple Jack” Raid to Belfield and Hicksford, Virginia in mid-December 1864.40

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Third Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army41,42,43

  • Commander:
    • Captain Oliver C. Redic (January 31 & February 5, 1865)44,45
    • Major James Miller (February 28, 1865)46
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The 2nd United States Sharpshooters was discontinued on February 20, 1865. Company “C” transferred to the 105th Pennsylvania Infantry.47
  • Note: This unit is listed in the casualty returns for the Battle of Hatcher’s Run, February 5-7, 1865, implying it was present during the Eighth Offensive and the battle.48

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Third Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army49,50

  • Commander: Major James Miller (March 25 & 31, 1865)51,52
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles53:

  • Before Petersburg June 16-18.
  • Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865.
  • Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23, 1864.
  • Demonstration north of the James at Deep Bottom July 27-29.
  • Deep Bottom July 27-28.
  • Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30 (Reserve).
  • Demonstration on north side of James at Deep Bottom August 13-20.
  • Strawberry Plains August 14-18.
  • Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2.
  • Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run, October 27-28.
  • Warren’s expedition to Hicksford December 7-12.
  • Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run, February 5-7, 1865.
  • Watkins’ House, Petersburg, March 25.
  • Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.
  • Boydton Road March 30-31.
  • Crow’s House March 31.
  • Fall of Petersburg April 2.
  • Sailor’s Creek April 6.
  • High Bridge, Farmville, April 7.
  • Appomattox Court House April 9.
  • Surrender of Lee and his army.

Bibliography:

Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

Sources:

  1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
  2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
  3. Scott, Kate M. History of the One Hundred and Fifth Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers (New-World Publishing Company: 1877), p. 58
  4. Scott, Kate M. History of the One Hundred and Fifth Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers (New-World Publishing Company: 1877), p. 82
  5. Scott, Kate M. History of the One Hundred and Fifth Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers (New-World Publishing Company: 1877), p. 112
  6. Scott, Kate M. History of the One Hundred and Fifth Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers (New-World Publishing Company: 1877), p. 168
  7. Scott, Kate M. History of the One Hundred and Fifth Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers (New-World Publishing Company: 1877), p. 202
  8. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 222
  9. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 544
  10. Scott, Kate M. History of the One Hundred and Fifth Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers (New-World Publishing Company: 1877), pp. 111-112
  11. Volume 14 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 105th Pennsylvania Entry, Page 55; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
  12. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 222
  13. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 544
  14. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 544
  15. Scott, Kate M. History of the One Hundred and Fifth Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers (New-World Publishing Company: 1877), p. 113: Colonel Craig rejoined the regiment on June 22, 1864, seemingly literally during the Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road.
  16. Volume 14 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 105th Pennsylvania Entry, Page 55; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
  17. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 253
  18. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 731
  19. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 731
  20. Scott, Kate M. History of the One Hundred and Fifth Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers (New-World Publishing Company: 1877), p. 114, 116: Colonel Craig was in charge of the regiment on July 11, 1864. He was ever so slightly wounded by a shell which blackened the skin of his shoulder, but remained in charge. The same shell wounded Colonel Phineas S. Davis of the 39th Massachusetts, who was wounded more severely.
  21. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 614: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
  22. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 118: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (August 1864)”
  23. Scott, Kate M. History of the One Hundred and Fifth Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers (New-World Publishing Company: 1877), p. 117: Colonel Craig was present and in command in early August, sometime between August 1 and 12, 1864.: “They were now only three-fourths of a mile from Petersburg. While here a cannon-ball struck the breastworks and almost buried Colonel Craig and two of the men amid the debris that it created, but injured no one. Here they remained doing picket and fatigue duty, ” slashing ” timber, etc., until August 12th”
  24. Scott, Kate M. History of the One Hundred and Fifth Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers (New-World Publishing Company: 1877), p. 117: Captain Patton was in charge of the 105th PA on at least August 15, 1864, while Colonel Craig was in charge of the Second Brigade, Third Division, II Corps, AotP: Captain Patton at this time commanded the regiment, Colonel Craig being in temporary command of the Third [sic, Second
  25. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 614: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
  26. Scott, Kate M. History of the One Hundred and Fifth Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers (New-World Publishing Company: 1877), p. 121: Captain Conser assumed command of the 105th PA on August 17, 1864, the day Craig died of his August 16 wound and the day Captain Conser rejoined the regiment.: “After the death of Colonel Craig, Captain Conser, who that day rejoined the regiment, assumed the command. He had been commissioned major May 6, 1864, but was not yet mustered as such, having been absent on account of wounds received in the Wilderness.”
  27. Scott, Kate M. History of the One Hundred and Fifth Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers (New-World Publishing Company: 1877), p. 114: 121 “guns” on July 4, 1864: “When they started on the campaign they had 331 guns and 21 officers; at this date, July 4, they had 121 guns, their entire force.” The wording makes it seem like 121 men was everyone there, including officers, but the earlier part of the comment differentiates between guns and officers.  I’ve added officers, though the usual methods to add officers to “guns” or “effectives” tend to make the PFD higher than it probably was at this time due to severe shortages of officers after months of hard combat.
  28. Using Steven Newton’s method for converting effectives to Present for Duty strength, we take (121/.93) x 1.065=~139 officers and men present for duty.
  29. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1299.
  30. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 139: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (September-October 1864)”
  31. Scott, Kate M. History of the One Hundred and Fifth Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers (New-World Publishing Company: 1877), p. 122: Major Conser was in command on October 27, 1864.: “Major Conser and Captain Patton, the two senior officers of the regiment, were killed while fighting desperately against superior numbers.
  32. Scott, Kate M. History of the One Hundred and Fifth Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers (New-World Publishing Company: 1877), pp. 124-125: Captain James Miller assumed command, presumably on October 27 after Conser and Patton were killed: “After the fall of Major Conser and Captain Patton, Captain James Miller, of Company K, a brave and meritorious officer, who had risen from the ranks, being the senior officer, took command of the regiment by order of General Pierce, and was afterwards commissioned major and colonel.” Miller appears to still have been in command on October 29.
  33. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 459: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
  34. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 154: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces…Boydton Plank Road, Va., October 27-28, 1864”
  35. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 459: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
  36. Scott, Kate M. History of the One Hundred and Fifth Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers (New-World Publishing Company: 1877), p. 122: AFTER mid-October, Spencer Repeating Rifles: The 105th had arrived on October 6. “Here they remained until the 24th, and during that time turned in their Springfield rifles, receiving in their stead Spencer repeating rifles.”
  37. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1116: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
  38. Calkins, Chris. “The Apple Jack Raid: For This Barbarism There Was No Real Excuse.” Blue & Gray Magazine Summer 2005: 18-25 (OOB on page 60).
  39. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1116: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
  40. Calkins, Chris. “The Apple Jack Raid: For This Barbarism There Was No Real Excuse.” Blue & Gray Magazine Summer 2005: 18-25 (OOB on page 60).
  41. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 326: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
  42. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 740: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
  43. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 96), page 64: “Return of Casualties in the Union forces at Hatcher’s Run (otherwise known as Dabney’s Mill, Armstrong’s Mill, Rowanty Creek, and Vaughan Road)… (February 5-7, 1865)”
  44. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 326: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
  45. Scott, Kate M. History of the One Hundred and Fifth Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers (New-World Publishing Company: 1877), p. 126: Captain Redic was in command on February 5, 1865: “until the 5th of February, 1865, when they moved, with the rest of the brigade, about five miles, when Captain Redic, who was then in command”…
  46. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 740: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
  47. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
  48. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 96), page 64: “Return of Casualties in the Union forces at Hatcher’s Run (otherwise known as Dabney’s Mill, Armstrong’s Mill, Rowanty Creek, and Vaughan Road)… (February 5-7, 1865)”
  49. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 568: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
  50. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 584: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
  51. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 568: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
  52. Scott, Kate M. History of the One Hundred and Fifth Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers (New-World Publishing Company: 1877), p. 129: Colonel (Major?) James Miller was in command on March 25, 1865: “”On the 25th orders were received to be ready to move at a moment’s notice. Colonel Miller formed his command…”
  53. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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