Vermont Light Artillery, 3rd Battery

   

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in Vermont Artillery

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this unit’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Muster In: Organized at Burlington and mustered in January 1, 1864.1
Muster Out: Mustered out June 15, 1865.2

Commander(s):
Captain Romeo H. Start
Commander Image

Commander 2
Commander Image

Commander 3
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery | Fourth Division | IX Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army3,4

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons: 6 x 3-inch Ordnance Rifles (March 31, 1864)5

Second Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery | Fourth Division | IX Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army6,7

  • Commander: Captain Romeo H. Start (June 30, 1864)8
  • Unit Strength: 123 officers and men PFD (June 30, 1864)9
  • Weapons:

Third Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | IX Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army10,11

  • Commander: Captain Romeo H. Start (July 31, 1864)12
  • Unit Strength: 114 officers and men PFD (July 31, 1864)13
  • Weapons:

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Park | Reserve Artillery | Army of the Potomac | Union Army14

  • Commander: Captain Romeo H. Start (August 31, 1864)15
  • Unit Strength: 106 officers and men PFD (August 31, 1864)16
  • Weapons:

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Park | Reserve Artillery | Army of the Potomac | Union Army17

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The 3rd Vermont Battery was attached to Harn’s demi-brigade of remaining VI Corps batteries during the Fifth Offensive.  The demi-brigade operated with Major John Hazard’s Second Corps Artillery Brigade during this time.18

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Park | Reserve Artillery | Army of the Potomac | Union Army19

  • Commander: Captain Romeo H. Start (October 31, 1864)20
  • Unit Strength: 181 officers and men PFD (October 31, 1864)21
  • Weapons:

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Park | Reserve Artillery | Army of the Potomac | Union Army22

  • Commander: Captain Romeo H. Start (December 31, 1864)23
  • Unit Strength:
    • 170 officers and men PFD (November 30, 1864)24
    • 171 officers and men PFD (December 31, 1864)25
  • Weapons:

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle:

Artillery Park | Reserve Artillery | Army of the Potomac | Union Army (January 1-15, 1865)

Artillery Brigade | VI Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army (January 15-February 28, 1865)26,27

  • Commander: Captain Romeo H. Start (January 31 & February 28, 1865)28,29
  • Unit Strength:
    • 175 officers and men PFD (January 31, 1865)30
    • 185 officers and men PFD (February 28, 1865)31
  • Weapons:

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | VI Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army32,33

  • Commander: Captain Romeo H. Start (March 31, 1865)34
  • Unit Strength: 190 officers and men PFD (March 31, 1865)35
  • Weapons:
  • Note: Temporarily attached to the Artillery Reserve during the Ninth Offensive.36

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles37:

  • Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865.
  • Garrison Fort Morton June 20 to August 19, 1864.
  • Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30.
  • Weldon Railroad August 18-21.
  • At Aiken House August 27-30.
  • At Fort Sedgwick until September 6.
  • At Avery House until September 19.
  • At Fort Meikel September 19 to October 3.
  • At Battery 27 until October 5.
  • Moved to Poplar Springs Church October 5 and built Fort Urmston October 5-12.
  • At Battery 16 October 12-25.
  • Ordered to City Point October 25, and duty in the Defenses there until January, 1865.
  • Joined 6th Army Corps at Weldon Railroad January 15, and stationed at Fort Fisher until April.
  • Fort Fisher March 25.
  • Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2.

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    3. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 231
    4. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 550
    5. Volume 3 (Ordnance Returns for the First Quarter, January-March, 1864); 3rd Vermont Light Artillery Entry, Page 171; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 1); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.: Not many returns exist for June 30, 1864, and none exist past that, so I’ve made the decision to include the March 31, 1864 ordnance return data in the absence of better information.  I’ll add more immediate reports of tube numbers and types as they are found.
    6. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 231
    7. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 550
    8. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 550
    9. Report of the Adjutant & Inspector General of the State of Vermont, From October 1, 1863, to October 1, 1864 (Walton’s Steam Press: 1864), p. 92. (Hat tip to Tom Ledoux at Vermont in the Civil War for this information.)
    10. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 261
    11. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 735
    12. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 735
    13. Report of the Adjutant & Inspector General of the State of Vermont, From October 1, 1863, to October 1, 1864 (Walton’s Steam Press: 1864), p. 92. (Hat tip to Tom Ledoux at Vermont in the Civil War for this information.)
    14. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 612: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    15. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 612: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    16. Report of the Adjutant & Inspector General of the State of Vermont, From October 1, 1863, to October 1, 1864 (Walton’s Steam Press: 1864), p. 92. (Hat tip to Tom Ledoux at Vermont in the Civil War for this information.)
    17. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1297.
    18. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1297.
    19. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 458: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    20. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 458: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    21. Report of the Adjutant & Inspector General of the State of Vermont, From Oct. 1, 1864, to Oct. 1, 1865 (Walton’s Steam Printing Establishment: 1865), p. 88. (Hat tip to Tom Ledoux at Vermont in the Civil War for this information.)
    22. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1115: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    23. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1115: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    24. Report of the Adjutant & Inspector General of the State of Vermont, From Oct. 1, 1864, to Oct. 1, 1865 (Walton’s Steam Printing Establishment: 1865), p. 88. (Hat tip to Tom Ledoux at Vermont in the Civil War for this information.)
    25. Report of the Adjutant & Inspector General of the State of Vermont, From Oct. 1, 1864, to Oct. 1, 1865 (Walton’s Steam Printing Establishment: 1865), p. 88. (Hat tip to Tom Ledoux at Vermont in the Civil War for this information.)
    26. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 331: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    27. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 744: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    28. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 331: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    29. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 744: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    30. Report of the Adjutant & Inspector General of the State of Vermont, From Oct. 1, 1864, to Oct. 1, 1865 (Walton’s Steam Printing Establishment: 1865), p. 88. (Hat tip to Tom Ledoux at Vermont in the Civil War for this information.)
    31. Report of the Adjutant & Inspector General of the State of Vermont, From Oct. 1, 1864, to Oct. 1, 1865 (Walton’s Steam Printing Establishment: 1865), p. 88. (Hat tip to Tom Ledoux at Vermont in the Civil War for this information.)
    32. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 565: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    33. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 582: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
    34. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 565: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    35. Report of the Adjutant & Inspector General of the State of Vermont, From Oct. 1, 1864, to Oct. 1, 1865 (Walton’s Steam Printing Establishment: 1865), p. 88. (Hat tip to Tom Ledoux at Vermont in the Civil War for this information.)
    36. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 565: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    37. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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