14th South Carolina Infantry

   

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in South Carolina Infantry

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this unit’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Muster In: Organized September 9, 18611
Muster Out: April 9, 18652

Commander(s):
Colonel Joseph N. Brown
Commander Image

Lieutenant Colonel Edward Croft
Commander Image

Captain William R. White
Commander Image

Commander 4
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: McGowan’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army3

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Second Offensive Order of Battle: McGowan’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps| Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army4

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Third Offensive Order of Battle: McGowan’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army5

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Edward Croft6
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: McGowan’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army7

  • Commander:
    • Lieutenant Colonel Edward Croft (went on leave August 31, 1864)8
    • ? (August 31, 1864)9
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: McGowan’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army10,11

  • Commander:
    • ? (in early September while Croft was on leave)12
    • Lieutenant Colonel Edward Croft (at least September 1, 1864)(when did he return from leave?)13,14
  • Unit Strength: 279 officers and men PFD (September 1, 1864)15
  • Weapons: .58 caliber rifles (presumably a mix of Enfields and Springfields)16

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: McGowan’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army17

  • Commander: Colonel Joseph N. Brown18
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: McGowan’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army19,20

  • Commander:
    • Colonel Joseph N. Brown (no indication of absence given for December) (November & December 1864)21,22
    • Lieutenant Colonel Edward Croft (wounded December 23, 1864)(December 1864)23
    • Captain William R. White (December 1864)24
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: McGowan’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army25,26,27,28,29

  • Commander: Colonel Joseph N. Brown (January & February 1865)30,31,32
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: McGowan’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army33,34

  • Commander:
    • None listed. (March 1865)35
    • Colonel Joseph N. Brown (captured April 1)(April 1, 1865)36
    • Lieutenant Colonel Edward Croft (after Col. Brown was captured, but then wounded April 1)(April 1, 1865)37
    • ? (after Col. Brown was captured and Lt. Col. Croft was wounded)(April 1-2, 1865)38
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles39:

  • Petersburg Siege (June 1864-April 1865)
  • Squirrel Level Road (September 30, 1864)
  • Jones’ Farm (September 30, 1864)
  • Pegram’s Farm (October 1, 1864)
  • Five Forks (April 1, 1865)
  • Appomattox Court House (April 9, 1865)

Bibliography:

Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

Sources:

  1. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: South Carolina and Georgia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 87-88
  2. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: South Carolina and Georgia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 87-88
  3. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 112
  4. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 112
  5. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 122
  6. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 122
  7. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 131
  8. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 131
  9. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 131
  10. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 139
  11. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1312.
  12. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 139
  13. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 139: Sibley himself says Croft went on leave on August 31, 1864.  When did Croft return to the regiment?  He was not likely to have been present in early September.
  14. Confederate Inspection Report 24-P-17: McGowan’s Brigade, September 1, 1864Inspection Reports and Related Records Received By the Inspection Branch in the Confederate Adjutant and Inspector General’s Office. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M935, Roll 10: Inspection Reports P-12 – 39-P-24); War Department Collection of Confederate Records, Record Group 109; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.: Was this September 1, 1864 inspection report listing the “official” commanders of regiments rather than the person actually in command on that day?  It seems possible here given Croft was supposed to have gone on leave on August 31, 1864.
  15. Confederate Inspection Report 24-P-17: McGowan’s Brigade, September 1, 1864Inspection Reports and Related Records Received By the Inspection Branch in the Confederate Adjutant and Inspector General’s Office. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M935, Roll 10: Inspection Reports P-12 – 39-P-24); War Department Collection of Confederate Records, Record Group 109; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
  16. Confederate Inspection Report 24-P-17: McGowan’s Brigade, September 1, 1864Inspection Reports and Related Records Received By the Inspection Branch in the Confederate Adjutant and Inspector General’s Office. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M935, Roll 10: Inspection Reports P-12 – 39-P-24); War Department Collection of Confederate Records, Record Group 109; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
  17. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 148
  18. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 148
  19. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 157
  20. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 165
  21. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 157
  22. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 165
  23. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 165
  24. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 165
  25. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 174
  26. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1173: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, commanded by General R. E. Lee, January 31, 1865”; This list contains many commanders who were not there.  They were the “official” commanders but may have been gone on leave.  I have used none of the leaders from this list as a result.
  27. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1182: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, January 31, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from January 26-31, 1865, and the leaders should be accurate for this time frame.
  28. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 184
  29. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1272: “Organization of the Infantry and Cavalry of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, February 28, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from February 28, 1865.  However, leaders listed are from January.  I’ve chosen to ignore the leaders and just use this source for the organization of the order of battle.
  30. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 174
  31. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1182: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, January 31, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from January 26-31, 1865, and the leaders should be accurate for this time frame.
  32. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 184
  33. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 193
  34. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 203
  35. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 193
  36. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 203
  37. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 203
  38. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 203
  39. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: South Carolina and Georgia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 87-88

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