New York Light Artillery, 27th Battery

   

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in New York Artillery

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this unit’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Muster In: Organized at Buffalo, N.Y., and mustered in December 17, 1862.1

Muster Out:  Mustered out June 22, 1865.2

Commander(s):
Captain John B. Eaton
Commander Image

Commander 2
Commander Image

Commander 3
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery | First Division | IX Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army3,4

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons: 6 x 12-lb. Napoleons (March 31, 1864)5

Second Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery | First Division | IX Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army6,7

  • Commander: Captain John B. Eaton (June 30, 1864)8
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Third Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | IX Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army9,10

  • Commander: Captain John B. Eaton (July 31, 1864)11
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | IX Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army12

  • Commander: Captain John B. Eaton (August 31, 1864)13
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | IX Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army14

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The 27th New York Battery remained in Fort Alexander Hays during the Fifth Offensive and was temporarily attached to Ferrero’s command.15

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | IX Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army16

  • Commander: Captain John B. Eaton (October 31, 1864)17
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: This battery remained in the fortifications and did not accompany the Ninth Corps, Army of the Potomac in the field during the Battle of Boydton Plank Road on October 27-28, 1864,18

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | IX Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army19

  • Commander: Captain John B. Eaton (December 31, 1864)20
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | IX Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army21,22

  • Commander: Captain John B. Eaton (January 31 & February 28, 1865)23,24
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | IX Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army25,26,27

  • Commander: Captain John B. Eaton (March 31, 1865)28
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: This unit is listed in the casualty returns for the Battle of Fort Stedman, March 25, 1865, implying it was present during the battle.29

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles30:

  • Before Petersburg, Va., June 16-18.
  • Siege of Petersburg, Va., June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865.
  • Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30, 1864.
  • Fort Stedman March 25, 1865.
  • Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.
  • Assault and fall of Petersburg April 2.
  • Pursuit of Lee April 3-9.

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

      Sources:

      1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
      2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
      3. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 229
      4. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 549
      5. Volume 3 (Ordnance Returns for the First Quarter, January-March, 1864); 27th Battery New York Light Artillery Entry, Page 131; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 1); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.: Not many returns exist for June 30, 1864, and none exist past that, so I’ve made the decision to include the March 31, 1864 ordnance return data in the absence of better information.  I’ll add more immediate reports of tube numbers and types as they are found.
      6. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 229
      7. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 549
      8. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 549
      9. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 261
      10. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 735
      11. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 735
      12. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 618: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
      13. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 618: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
      14. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1301.
      15. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1301.
      16. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 463: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
      17. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 463: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
      18. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 159: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces…Boydton Plank Road, Va., October 27-28, 1864”
      19. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1122: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
      20. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1122: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
      21. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 332: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
      22. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 746: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
      23. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 332: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
      24. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 746: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
      25. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 574: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
      26. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 96), page 71: “Return of Casualties in the Union forces at Fort Stedman… (March 25, 1865)”
      27. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 590: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
      28. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 574: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
      29. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 96), page 71: “Return of Casualties in the Union forces at Fort Stedman… (March 25, 1865)”
      30. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

      ***



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