199th Pennsylvania Infantry

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in Pennsylvania Infantry

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this unit’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Muster In: Organized at Philadelphia September and October, 1864.1
Muster Out: Consolidated with 188th Pennsylvania Infantry June 28, 1865.2

Commander(s):
Colonel James C. Briscoe
Commander Image

Lieutenant Colonel Ambrose A. Lechler
Commander Image

Lieutenant Colonel Robert P. Hughes (formerly of the 85th PA)
Commander Image

Commander 4
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not yet in existence.3

Second Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not yet in existence.4

Third Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not yet in existence.5

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not yet in existence.6

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Ambrose A. Lechler (September 30, 1864)7
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: Moved to Deep Bottom Landing, Va., October 1864. On what day did the regiment arrive at City Point? It must have been on or before October 5, 1864. See the note below.  More research is needed.
  • Note: The 199th Pennsylvania arrived north of the James on October 5, 1864 and was assigned to 1/1/X/AotJ, but was kept at the Deep Bottom Bridgehead to guard that point in the following days.8
  • Note: What was Colonel Briscoe doing during this time such that Lt. Col. Lechler was in command?

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | First Division | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army9

  • Commander: Colonel James C. Briscoe (October 31, 1864)10
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The 199th Pennsylvania does not appear to have taken part in the Battle of Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road on October 27-28, 1864, as it does not appear in a return of casualties for its brigade during that time.11
  • Note: On October 15, 1864, the remaining men of the 85th Pennsylvania whose terms of service had not yet expired were formed into a unit called “Detachment 85th Pennsylvania” and were attached to the 199th Pennsylvania for the rest of the Siege of Petersburg.12

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle:

First Brigade | First Division | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army (November 1-December 3, 1864)

First Brigade | First Division | XXIV Corps | Army of the James | Union Army (December 3-31, 1864)13

  • Commander: Colonel James C. Briscoe (December 31, 1864)14
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: On December 3, 1864, the X Corps and XVIII Corps of the Army of the James were reorganized into the XXIV Corps and the XXV Corps.
  • Note: “Detachment 85th Pennsylvania” was attached to the 199th Pennsylvania during this time, up until December 15, 1864.15

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | First Division | XXIV Corps | Army of the James | Union Army16,17

  • Commander:
    • Colonel James C. Briscoe (January 31, 1865)18
    • Lieutenant Colonel Robert P. Hughes (formerly of the 85th PA)(February 28, 1865)19
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | First Division | XXIV Corps | Army of the James | Union Army20,21

  • Commander: Colonel James C. Briscoe (March 31, 1865)22
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles23:

  • Moved to Deep Bottom Landing, Va., October [1864].
  • “Detachment 85th Pennsylvania” permanently attached to the 199th Pennsylvania, October 15, 186424
  • Duty in trenches before Richmond, Va., until March 1865.
  • Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.
  • Assaults on Forts Gregg and Alexander April 2.
  • Fall of Petersburg April 2.

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    3. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    4. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    5. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    6. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    7. The One-Hundred-And-Ninety-Ninth Regiment.” Philadelphia Inquirer. October 1, 1864, p. 2 col. 4: “THE ONE-HUNDRED-AND-NINETY-NINTH REGIMENT—This regiment, under command of (Lieutenant) Colonel A. A. LECHLER, broke camp yesterday morning, and after marching through a number of the streets of the city, proceeded to the Volunteer Refreshment Saloon, after which they left for the seat of war.”
    8. Dickey, Luther S. History of the Eighty-Fifth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, 1861-1865: Comprising an Authentic Narrative of Casey’s Division at the Battle of Seven Pines. J. C. & E. E. Powers, 1915, p. 407: “199th Pennsylvania Regiment assigned to First Brigade, and ordered to garrison Deep Bottom fortifications.”
    9. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 465: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    10. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 465: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    11. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 148: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces…Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road, Va., October 27-28, 1864”
    12. Dickey, Luther S. History of the Eighty-Fifth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, 1861-1865: Comprising an Authentic Narrative of Casey’s Division at the Battle of Seven Pines. J. C. & E. E. Powers, 1915, pp. 411-412.
    13. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1124: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    14. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1124: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    15. Dickey, Luther S. History of the Eighty-Fifth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, 1861-1865: Comprising an Authentic Narrative of Casey’s Division at the Battle of Seven Pines. J. C. & E. E. Powers, 1915, pp. 411-412.
    16. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 334: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    17. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 748: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    18. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 334: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    19. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 748: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    20. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 577: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    21. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 594: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
    22. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 577: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    23. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    24. Dickey, Luther S. History of the Eighty-Fifth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, 1861-1865: Comprising an Authentic Narrative of Casey’s Division at the Battle of Seven Pines. J. C. & E. E. Powers, 1915, pp. 411-412.

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