10th-23rd-37th Virginia Infantry

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in Virginia Infantry

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this regiment’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Note: These five Virginia regiments had been so decimated by the time they reached Petersburg after the 1864 Shenandoah Valley Campaign that they had been consolidated and acted as a single regiment for the remainder of the war.

Muster In: Various1
Muster Out: April 9, 18652

Commander(s):
Lieutenant Colonel Dorilas H. Lee Martz (of the 10th VA)
Commander Image

Commander 2
Commander Image

Commander 3
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not yet present at the Siege of Petersburg.3

Second Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not yet present at the Siege of Petersburg.4

Third Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not yet present at the Siege of Petersburg.5

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not yet present at the Siege of Petersburg.6
  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Samuel H. Saunders (of the 42nd VA) (August 20, 1864) (I am unsure if Saunders ever commanded this unit at Petersburg.  As a result, his name does not appear at the top of this page among the unit’s commanders.)7
  • Unit Strength: 176 officers and men PFD (August 20, 1864)8
  • Weapons: Enfield Rifles (August 20, 1864)9

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not yet present at the Siege of Petersburg.10

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not yet present at the Siege of Petersburg.11

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: Terry’s Brigade | Evans’ Division | Second Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army12

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel D. H. Lee Martz (of the 10th VA)(December 1864)13
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The Second Corps, in the Shenandoah Valley since June 1864, was ordered to rejoin Lee at the Siege of Petersburg on December 9, 1864.  The Second Corps moved to Richmond and Petersburg over the next several days, remaining with Lee’s army through Appomattox.14
  • Note: These Virginia regiments had been so badly depleted by this point in the war that they were combined into one functional regiment.

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: Terry’s Brigade | Evans’ Division | Second Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army15,16,17,18,19

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Dorilas H. Lee Martz (of the 10th VA)(January & February 1865)20,21,22
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: These Virginia regiments had been so badly depleted by this point in the war that they were combined into one functional regiment.

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: Terry’s Brigade | Evans’ Division | Second Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army23,24

  • Commander: None listed. (March & April 1-2, 1865)25,26
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: These Virginia regiments had been so badly depleted by this point in the war that they were combined into one functional regiment.

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Petersburg Campaign Battles27:

  • Petersburg Siege (from December 1864)(June 1864-April 1865)
  • Hatcher’s Run (February 5-7, 1865)
  • Fort Stedman (March 25, 1865)
  • Petersburg Final Assault (April 2, 1865)
  • Appomattox Court House (April 9, 1865)

Bibliography:

    Petersburg Campaign Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 181-182, 202-203, 224-225
    2. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 181-182, 202-203, 224-225
    3. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 181-182, 202-203, 224-225
    4. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 181-182, 202-203, 224-225
    5. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 181-182, 202-203, 224-225
    6. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 181-182, 202-203, 224-225
    7. Confederate Inspection Report 7-P-17: Terry’s Brigade, August 20, 1864; Inspection Reports and Related Records Received By the Inspection Branch in the Confederate Adjutant and Inspector General’s Office. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M935, Roll 10: Inspection Reports P-12 – 39-P-24); War Department Collection of Confederate Records, Record Group 109; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    8. Confederate Inspection Report 7-P-17: Terry’s Brigade, August 20, 1864; Inspection Reports and Related Records Received By the Inspection Branch in the Confederate Adjutant and Inspector General’s Office. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M935, Roll 10: Inspection Reports P-12 – 39-P-24); War Department Collection of Confederate Records, Record Group 109; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    9. Confederate Inspection Report 7-P-17: Terry’s Brigade, August 20, 1864; Inspection Reports and Related Records Received By the Inspection Branch in the Confederate Adjutant and Inspector General’s Office. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M935, Roll 10: Inspection Reports P-12 – 39-P-24); War Department Collection of Confederate Records, Record Group 109; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    10. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 181-182, 202-203, 224-225
    11. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 181-182, 202-203, 224-225
    12. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 164
    13. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 164
    14. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 376
    15. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 173
    16. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1172: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, commanded by General R. E. Lee, January 31, 1865”; This list contains many commanders who were not there.  They were the “official” commanders but may have been gone on leave.  I have used none of the leaders from this list as a result.
    17. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1180: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, January 31, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from January 26-31, 1865, and the leaders should be accurate for this time frame.
    18. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 183
    19. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1271: “Organization of the Infantry and Cavalry of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, February 28, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from February 28, 1865.  However, leaders listed are from January.  I’ve chosen to ignore the leaders and just use this source for the organization of the order of battle.
    20. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 173
    21. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1180: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, January 31, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from January 26-31, 1865, and the leaders should be accurate for this time frame.
    22. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 183
    23. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 192
    24. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 202
    25. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 192
    26. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 202
    27. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 181-182, 202-203, 224-225

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