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OR XLII P1 #329: Report of Major Samuel K. Vaughan, 19th WI, October 27-28, 1864

No. 329. Report of Major Samuel K. Vaughan, Nineteenth Wisconsin Infantry, of operations October 27-28.1

In the Field, Va., October 29, 1864.

CAPTAIN: I have the honor to report that on the morning of 26th instant I received orders from brigade headquarters to march at a moment’s notice, with three days’ cooked rations. Moved out from fortifications soon after daylight and joined brigade in front of division headquarters. From thence moved a short distance below Dead Horse Corners and bivouacked during the day and following night. On morning of the 27th, at 5 a.m., moved with remainder of brigade and corps and marched in a northerly direction. Arrived in vicinity of Fair Oaks, near Richmond, about 2 p.m. Brigade formed line of battle and, pursuant to orders, moved forward at double-quick and charged the enemy’s works, consisting of forts and intrenched lines. Charged close under the guns of forts and works, exposed to terrific fire. In crossing an open field half a mile wide, in front of the enemy’s works, large numbers of our brave officers and men were seen to fall. About 5 p.m. the enemy charged out from their line of works and captured nearly all the command and regimental colors. After collecting such as escaped, numbering fifty enlisted men and one captain, received orders to fall back to Charles City road, and bivouacked there until 10 a.m. next day. Resumed march and arrived in our late camp at 5 p.m. October 28.

I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

Major, Commanding Nineteenth Wisconsin Volunteers.

Acting Assistant Adjutant-General.]


  1. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 814
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