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Muster In: Organized in Virginia November 18, 1863.1
Muster Out: Mustered out May 17, 1866.2

Commander(s):
Colonel Spencer H. Stafford
Commander Image

Lieutenant Colonel Edward H. Powell
Commander Image

Commander 3
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Third Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army3,4

Second Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Third Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army6,7

Third Offensive Order of Battle: Unattached | Army of the James | Union Army10,11

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Edward H. Powell (July 31, 1864)12
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | Third Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army13

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Edward H. Powell (August 31, 1864)14
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | Third Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army15

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The 10th United States Colored Troops did not accompany its brigade during the Battle of Chaffin’s Farm, remaining instead at City Point during the course of the Fifth Offensive.16

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | Third Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army17

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Edward H. Powell (October 31, 1864)18
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: 3/3/XVIII/AotJ did not participate in the Battle of Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road on October 27-28, 1864.19

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle:

Third Brigade | Third Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army (November 1-December 3, 1864)20

Third Brigade | First Division | XXV Corps | Army of the James | Union Army (December 3-31, 1864)21

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Edward H. Powell (December 31, 1864)22
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: On December 3, 1864, the X Corps and XVIII Corps of the Army of the James were reorganized into the XXIV Corps and the XXV Corps.

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | Third Division | XXV Corps | Army of the James | Union Army23

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Edward H. Powell (January 31, 1865)24
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The 10th USCT appears to be the sole regiment of Paine’s Third Division, XXV Corps, Army of the James which did NOT participate in the two Fort Fisher expeditions.  This regiment became part of an “attached brigade” in the First Division, XXV Corps, but I’m not sure when.  It might have happened unofficially prior to January 31, when this OOB was created.  More research is needed.25

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle:

Third Brigade | Third Division | XXV Corps | Army of the James | Union Army (may have left this unit in January already)

Third Brigade | Second Division | XXV Corps | Army of the James | Union Army (parent unit by at least March 1865)26

Attached Brigade | First Division | XXV Corps | Army of the James | Union Army (temporarily att. in March 1865)27,28

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Edward H. Powell (March 31, 1865)29
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The 10th USCT appears to be the sole regiment of Paine’s Third Division, XXV Corps, Army of the James which did NOT participate in the two Fort Fisher expeditions.  This regiment first changed organizations to 3/2/XXV/AotJ and then became part of an “attached brigade” in the 1/XXV/AotJ, but I’m not sure when each of these moves happened.  More research is needed.30

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles31:

  • Butler’s operations on south side of James River and against Petersburg and Richmond May 4 to June 15.
  • At Fort Powhatan until July 6.
  • On Bermuda front in operations against Petersburg and Richmond until August 27.
  • At City Point, Va., until April 2, 1865.
  • Moved to Bermuda Hundred, thence to Richmond April 2-3.
  • Return to City Point April 6, and duty there until June 1.

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    3. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 236
    4. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 555
    5. Volume 14 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 10th United States Colored Troops Entry, Page 90; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    6. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 236
    7. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 555
    8. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 555
    9. Volume 14 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 10th United States Colored Troops Entry, Page 90; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    10. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 268
    11. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 738
    12. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 738
    13. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 622: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    14. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 622: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    15. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1304.
    16. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1304.
    17. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 467: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    18. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 467: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    19. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 151: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces…Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road, Va., October 27-28, 1864”
    20. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    21. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1126: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    22. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1126: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    23. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 337: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    24. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 337: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    25.  A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    26. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 579: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    27. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 579: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    28. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 596: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
    29. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 579: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    30.  A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    31. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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