2nd Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery

   

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in Pennsylvania Infantry

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this unit’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Muster In: Organized at Philadelphia January 8, 1862.1
Muster Out: Mustered out at City Point, Va., January 29, 1866.2

Commander(s):
Colonel Augustus A. Gibson
Commander Image

Colonel William M. McClure
Commander Image

Major James L. Anderson
Commander Image

Major Benjamin F. Winger
Commander Image

Captain Edward S. Rowand
Commander Image

Commander 6
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | Second Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army3,4

Second Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | Second Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army6,7

Third Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | Second Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union10,11

  • Commander: Major James L. Anderson (July 31, 1864)12
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: Excess men from this regiment were detached as the 2nd Provisional Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery and were serving with the IX Corps during the Third Offensive.  See the 2nd Provisional Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery unit page for details.13

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | Second Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army14

  • Commander: Major James L. Anderson (August 31, 1864)15
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | Second Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army16,17

  • Commander:
    • Major James L. Anderson (at least September 29, 1864)(killed September 29, 1864)18
    • ?
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | Second Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army19

  • Commander: Colonel William M. McClure (October 31, 1864)20
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: It appears that only Company G of the 2nd Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery participated in the October 27-28, 1864 Battle of Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road based  on the Union casualty returns for the battle.21

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle:

Third Brigade | Second Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army (November 1-December 2, 1864)22

Provisional Brigade | Defenses of Bermuda Hundred | Army of the James | Union Army (December 2-31, 1864)23

  • Commander: Captain Edward S. Rowand (December 31, 1864)24
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: Ordered to Bermuda front December 2, and duty there until April, 1865.

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: Provisional Brigade | Defenses of Bermuda Hundred | Army of the James | Union Army25,26

  • Commander: Major Benjamin F. Winger (January 31 & February 28, 1865)27,28
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Defenses of Bermuda Hundred | Army of the James | Union Army29,30

  • Commander: Major Benjamin F. Winger (March 31, 1865)31
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles32:

  • Before Petersburg June 15-19.
  • Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865.
  • In trenches before Petersburg until August 23, 1864.
  • Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30.
  • Duty on the Bermuda Hundred front until September.
  • Weldon Railroad August 18-21.
  • Chaffin’s Farm, New Market Heights, September 28-30.
  • Fair Oaks October 27-28 (Co. “G”).
  • Ordered to Bermuda front December 2, and duty there until April, 1865.
  • Fall of Petersburg April 2.
  • Duty at Petersburg until May, and in counties of lower Virginia, Sub-District of the Blackwater, District of the Nottaway, until January, 1866.

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    3. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 236
    4. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 555
    5. Volume 14 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 2nd Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery Entry, Page 62; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    6. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 236
    7. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 555
    8. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 555
    9. Volume 14 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 2nd Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery Entry, Page 62; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    10. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 266
    11. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 740
    12. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 740
    13. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 259
    14. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 621: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    15. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 621: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    16. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1304.
    17. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 135: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (September-October 1864)”
    18. Latest War News.” Philadelphia Inquirer. October 3, 1864, p. 1 col. 1-2: “Another unsuccessful assault was also made by a portion of (Harrison S.) FAIRCHILD’S Brigade of HECKMAN’S Division of the Eighteenth Corps.  The Second Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery and the Eighty-ninth New York being the regiments which made the charge, a portion of the former regiment, to the number of about one hundred and fifty, entered a Rebel redoubt, but only to be taken prisoners.  Major ANDERSON, commanding this regiment, was shot in the breast and killed, and his body left on the ground.”
    19. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 467: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    20. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 467: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    21. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 151: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces…Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road, Va., October 27-28, 1864”
    22. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    23. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1127: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    24. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1127: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    25. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 338: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    26. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 752: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    27. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 338: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    28. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 752: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    29. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 576: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    30. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 593: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
    31. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 576: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    32. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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