10th New York Heavy Artillery

   

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in New York Infantry

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this unit’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Note: This unit acted as infantry once in the field with the Army of the James.

Muster In: Organized by consolidation of 4th, 5th and 7th Battalions of Black River Artillery December 31, 1862. Companies “A,” “B,” “C,” “D,” “E,” “F,” “G” and “M” were originally organized at Sackett’s Harbor, N.Y., and mustered in September 11, 1862. Companies “H” and “I” organized at same place and mustered in September 12, 1862.1
Muster Out: Mustered out at Petersburg, Va., June 23, 1865.2

Commander(s):
Lieutenant Colonel G. De Peyster Arden
Commander Image

Major James B. Campbell
Commander Image

Major Seneca R. Cowles
Commander Image

Commander 4
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | Second Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army3,4,5

Second Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | Second Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army7,8,9

Third Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Second Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union12,13

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel G. De Peyster Arden (July 31, 1864)14
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Second Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union (August 1-15, 1864)15

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: Moved to Washington, D.C., August 15, and duty there until September 27. Ordered to the Shenandoah Valley September 27. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty in the Shenandoah Valley until December.16

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not present at the Siege of Petersburg.17

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not present at the Siege of Petersburg.18

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Defenses of Bermuda Hundred | Army of the James | Union Army19

  • Commander: Major James B. Campbell (December 31, 1864)20
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: Returned to Bermuda Hundred at some point in December 1864.21

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Defenses of Bermuda Hundred | Army of the James | Union Army22,23

  • Commander: Major Seneca R. Cowles (January 31 & February 28, 1865)24,25
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Defenses of Bermuda Hundred | Army of the James | Union Army26,27

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel G. de Peyster Arden (March 31, 1865)28
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles29:

  • Before Petersburg June 15-19.
  • Siege of Petersburg June 16 to August 15.
  • Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30 (Reserve).
  • Explosion of Confederate mine in front of the Eighteenth Army Corps. August 5.30
  • Moved to Washington, D.C., August 15, and duty there until September 27.
  • Ordered to the Shenandoah Valley September 27.
  • Battle of Cedar Creek October 19.
  • Duty in the Shenandoah Valley until December.
  • Moved to Washington, D.C., thence to Bermuda Hundred, Va., and duty in the Defenses at that point until March, 1865.
  • Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.
  • Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2.
  • Duty in the Dept. of Virginia until June.

Bibliography:

Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

Sources:

  1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
  2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
  3. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3): “3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 18th Army Corps, Army of the James, June 5-24, 1864.”
  4. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 236: Indicates that the 10th NYHA had moved to the First Brigade, Third Division, XVIII Corps from “Fourth Brigade, First Division”, XVIII Corps, but no such unit existed.  Dyer’s Compendium indicates the unit had been in the Third Brigade, First Division, XVIII Corps from June 5-24.  More research is needed, but I went with Dyer’s Compendium for now.
  5. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 555
  6. Volume 14 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 10th New York Heavy Artillery Entry, Page 12; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
  7. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3): “3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 18th Army Corps, Army of the James, June 5-24, 1864.”
  8. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 236: Indicates that the 10th NYHA had moved to the First Brigade, Third Division, XVIII Corps from “Fourth Brigade, First Division”, XVIII Corps, but no such unit existed.  Dyer’s Compendium indicates the unit had been in the Third Brigade, First Division, XVIII Corps from June 5-24.  More research is needed, but I went with Dyer’s Compendium for now.
  9. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 555
  10. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 555
  11. Volume 14 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 10th New York Heavy Artillery Entry, Page 12; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
  12. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 266
  13. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 740
  14. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 740
  15. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
  16. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
  17. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
  18. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
  19. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1127: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
  20. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1127: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
  21. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
  22. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 338: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
  23. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 752: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
  24. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 338: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
  25. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 752: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
  26. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 576: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
  27. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 593: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
  28. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 576: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
  29. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
  30. Letter from the 23d Mass. Reg’t.” Cape Ann Light and Gloucester Telegraph. August 13, 1864, p. 2 col. 4-5

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