9th New York Heavy Artillery

   

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in New York Infantry

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this unit’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Note: The 1st and 3rd Battalions of this regiment participated as infantry both times they were present at the Siege of Petersburg.  The 2nd Battalion operated as artillery in the 6th Corps Artillery Battalion from the beginning of the Siege until the 6th Corps left Petersburg in early July 1864.  By the time the regiment returned in 1865, all three battalions were being used as infantry.  This unit has been classified as an infantry unit as a result.

Muster In: Organized at Auburn, N.Y., as the 138th Regiment New York Infantry and mustered in September 8, 1862. Designation changed to 9th Heavy Artillery December 9, 1862.1
Muster Out: Consolidated to four Companies June 27, 1865, and transferred to 2nd New York Heavy Artillery.2

Commander(s):
Lieutenant Colonel James W. Snyder (2nd Battalion Early & Overall Command Later)
Commander Image

Major Charles Burgess (1st and 3rd Battalions Early)
Commander Image

Commander 3
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: See individual battalions below.

  • 2nd Battalion:
    • Note: 2nd Battalion detached with Artillery Brigade, 6th Army Corps, May 31 to July 10, 1864.6,7

Second Offensive Order of Battle: See individual battalions below.

  • 2nd Battalion:
    • Note: 2nd Battalion detached with Artillery Brigade, 6th Army Corps, May 31 to July 10, 1864.12,13

Third Offensive Order of Battle: See individual battalions below.

  • 1st and 3rd Battalions: Second Brigade | Third Division | VI Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army14
    • Commander: Major Charles Burgess (July 31, 1864)15
    • Unit Strength:
    • Weapons: 
    • Note: The Second Brigade, Third Division, Sixth Corps moved to City Point, Va. at 5 am on July 6, 1864 and embarked for Baltimore, MD.16,17
  • 2nd Battalion: Artillery Brigade | VI Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army18
    • Commander: Major Charles Burgess (July 31, 1864)19
    • Unit Strength:
    • Weapons:
    • Note: It appears that the 2nd Battalion of the 9th New York Heavy Artillery was folded into the main regiment at some point between July 10 and 31, 1864 after the regiment had left the Petersburg front.  From that point forward the entire regiment acted as one infantry regiment, including upon its return to the Siege of Petersburg.
    • Note: The artillery batteries which remained with the Sixth Corps moved to City Point, Va. and embarked for Washington D.C. on July 10, 1864.20

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not present at the Siege of Petersburg.21

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not present at the Siege of Petersburg.22

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not present at the Siege of Petersburg.23

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Third Division | VI Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army24

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel James W. Snyder (December 31, 1864)25
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: This unit moved to the Siege of Petersburg from December 3-?, 1864.26

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Third Division | VI Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army27,28

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel James W. Snyder (January & February 1865)29,30
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: Starting at some point in February 1865, Company L of the 9th New York Heavy Artillery under the command of Captain S. Augustus Howe was attached to the Artillery Brigade, Sixth Corps, Army of the Potomac. More research is needed as to the exact date.31

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Third Division | VI Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army32,33

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel James W. Snyder (March 31, 1865)34
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: Company L of the 9th New York Heavy Artillery under the command of Captain S. Augustus Howe was attached to the Artillery Brigade, Sixth Corps, Army of the Potomac during this time.35,36

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles37:

  • Before Petersburg June 18-19.
  • Siege of Petersburg June 18-July 6.
  • Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad, June 22-23.
  • Moved to Baltimore, Md., July 6-8.
  • …away…
  • Moved to Washington, D.C., December 3; thence to Petersburg, Va.
  • Siege of Petersburg, Va., December, 1864, to April, 1865.
  • Fort Fisher, Petersburg, March 25, 1865.
  • Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.
  • Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2.
  • Amelia Springs April 5.
  • Sailor’s Creek April 6.
  • Appomattox Court House April 9.
  • Surrender of Lee and his army.

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    3. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 228
    4. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 548
    5. Volume 14 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 9th New York Heavy Artillery Entry, Page 12; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    6. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 228
    7. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 548
    8. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 228
    9. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 548
    10. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 548
    11. Volume 14 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 9th New York Heavy Artillery Entry, Page 12; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    12. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 228
    13. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 548
    14. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 258
    15. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XXVII, Part 2 (Serial Number 71), page 551
    16. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XXVII, Part 1 (Serial Number 70), page 274
    17. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    18. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 258
    19.  The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XXVII, Part 2 (Serial Number 71), page 551
    20. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 258
    21. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    22. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    23. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    24. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1120: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    25. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1120: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    26. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    27. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 330: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    28. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 744: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    29. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 330: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    30. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 744: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    31. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 744: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    32. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 572: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    33. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 588: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
    34. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 572: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    35. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 572: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    36. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 588: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
    37. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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