1st Maine Heavy Artillery

   

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in Maine Infantry

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this regiment’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Muster In: August 21, 18621
Muster Out: September 11, 18652

Commander(s):
Colonel Daniel Chaplin
Daniel Chaplin 1st ME Heavy Artillery3

Colonel Russell B. Shepherd
Russell B. Shepherd 1st ME Heavy Artillery4

Lieutenant Colonel Thomas H. Talbot
Commander Image

Commander 4
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | Third Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army5,6

Second Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | Third Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army9,10

Third Offensive Order of Battle:

Third Brigade | Third Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army (July 1-28, 1864)14

First Brigade | Third Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army (July 28-31, 1864)15,16

  • Commander: Colonel Daniel Chaplain (July 31, 1864)17
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The 1st Maine Heavy Artillery was assigned to 1/3/II/AotP from 3/3/II/AotP on July 28, 1864. 18

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Third Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army19,20

  • Commander:
    • Colonel Daniel Chaplin (up to August 17, 1864)(killed August 17, 1864)21
    • Lieutenant Colonel Thomas H. Talbot (August 31, 1864)22
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Third Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army23,24

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Third Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army25,26

  • Commander: Colonel Russell B. Shepherd (October 31, 1864)27
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Third Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army28 ,29

  • Commander: Colonel Russell B. Shepherd (December 31, 1864)30
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: This regiment participated in Warren’s Stony Creek, or “Apple Jack” Raid to Belfield and Hicksford, Virginia in mid-December 1864.31

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Third Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union32,33,34

  • Commander: Colonel Russell B. Shepherd (January 31 & February 28, 1865)35,36
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: This unit is listed in the casualty returns for the Battle of Hatcher’s Run, February 5-7, 1865, implying it was present during the Eighth Offensive and the battle.37

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Third Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army38,39

  • Commander: Colonel Russell B. Shepherd (March 31-April 2, 1865)40
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles41:

  • Before Petersburg June 16-19.
  • Hare’s House, Assault on Petersburg, June 18. (Sustained greatest loss of any one Regiment in any one action of the war. 635 killed and wounded out of 900 engaged.)
  • Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865.
  • Weldon Railroad June 22-23, 1864.
  • Picket duty at Deserted House until July 23.
  • Demonstration on north side of James River July 27-29.
  • Deep Bottom July 27-28.
  • Duty at Hare’s House until August 12.
  • Demonstration on north side of James River August 13-20.
  • Strawberry Plains August 14-18.
  • Near Fort Sedgwick until September 30.
  • Poplar Springs Church September 30-October 2.
  • Yellow House October 1.
  • Squirrel Level Road October 2.
  • At Fort Sedgwick October 6-24.
  • Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run, October 27-28.
  • Warren’s Hicksford Raid December 7-12.
  • Hatcher’s Run February 5-7, 1865.
  • Armstrong House March 25.
  • Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.
  • South Side Railroad March 29.
  • Boydton Road and White Oak Ridge March 29-31.
  • Fall of Petersburg April 2.
  • Jettersvtlle April 5.
  • Amelia Springs and Sailor’s Creek April 6.
  • Farmville April 7.
  • Appomattox C. H. April 9.
  • Surrender of Lee and his army.

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    3. Daniel Chaplin image.  MOLLUS-Mass Civil War Photograph Collection, Volume 97, Page 4951.  United States Army Heritage and Education Center, Carlisle, PA.
    4. Russell B. Shepherd image.  MOLLUS-Mass Civil War Photograph Collection, Volume 97, Page L4951.  United States Army Heritage and Education Center, Carlisle, PA.
    5. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 222
    6. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 544
    7. Volume 13 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 1st Maine Heavy Artillery Entry, Page 79; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    8. Volume 13 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 1st Maine Heavy Artillery Entry, Page 79; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    9. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 222
    10. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 544
    11. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 544
    12. Volume 13 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 1st Maine Heavy Artillery Entry, Page 79; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    13. Volume 13 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 1st Maine Heavy Artillery Entry, Page 79; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    14. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 254
    15. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 254
    16. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 731
    17. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 731
    18. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 254
    19. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 613: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    20. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 118: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (August 1864)”
    21. Houghton, E.B. The Campaigns of the Seventeenth Maine (Short & Loring: 1866), p. 225: “Colonel Chaplin, of the First Maine Heavy Artillery, commanding the picket line, was killed by a shot from a rebel sharp-shooter during the afternoon.”
    22. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 613: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    23. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1299.
    24. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 138: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (September-October 1864)”
    25. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 459: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    26. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 154: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces…Boydton Plank Road, Va., October 27-28, 1864”
    27. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 459: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    28. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1116: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    29. Calkins, Chris. “The Apple Jack Raid: For This Barbarism There Was No Real Excuse.” Blue & Gray Magazine Summer 2005: 18-25 (OOB on page 60).
    30. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1116: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    31. Calkins, Chris. “The Apple Jack Raid: For This Barbarism There Was No Real Excuse.” Blue & Gray Magazine Summer 2005: 18-25 (OOB on page 60).
    32. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 326: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    33. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 740: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    34. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 96), page 64: “Return of Casualties in the Union forces at Hatcher’s Run (otherwise known as Dabney’s Mill, Armstrong’s Mill, Rowanty Creek, and Vaughan Road)… (February 5-7, 1865)”
    35. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 326: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    36. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 740: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    37. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 96), page 64: “Return of Casualties in the Union forces at Hatcher’s Run (otherwise known as Dabney’s Mill, Armstrong’s Mill, Rowanty Creek, and Vaughan Road)… (February 5-7, 1865)”
    38. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 568: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    39. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 583: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
    40. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 568: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    41. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

    ***



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