39th Illinois Infantry

   

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in Illinois Infantry

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this unit’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Muster In: Organized at Chicago, Ill., and mustered in October 11, 1861.1
Muster Out: Mustered out December 6 and Discharged at Chicago, Ill., December 16, 1865.2

Commander(s):
Captain Leroy A. Baker
Commander Image

Captain Lewis T. Whipple
Commander Image

Captain Homer A. Plimpton
Commander Image

Lieutenant James Hannum
Commander Image

Commander 5
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | First Division | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army3,4

Second Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | First Division | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army6,7

Third Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | First Division | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army10,11

  • Commander: Captain Leroy A. Baker (July 31, 1864)12
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | First Division | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army13,14

  • Commander: Captain Lewis T. Whipple (August 31, 1864)15
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | First Division | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army16,17,18,19

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | First Division | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army20,21

  • Commander: Lieutenant James Hannum (October 31, 1864)22
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle:

First Brigade | First Division | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army (November 1-December 3, 1864)23

First Brigade | First Division | XXIV Corps | Army of the James | Union Army (December 3-31, 1864)24

  • Commander: Captain Homer A. Plimpton (December 31, 1864)25
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: On December 3, 1864, the X Corps and XVIII Corps of the Army of the James were reorganized into the XXIV Corps and the XXV Corps.

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | First Division | XXIV Corps | Army of the James | Union Army26,27

  • Commander: Captain Homer A. Plimpton (January 31 & February 28, 1865)28,29
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | First Division | XXIV Corps | Army of the James | Union Army30,31

  • Commander: Captain Homer A. Plimpton (March 31, 1865)32
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles33:

  • Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865.
  • On the Bermuda Hundred front until August 14, 1864.
  • Demonstration north of the James August 14-18.
  • Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18.
  • Deep Run August 16.
  • In trenches before Petersburg August 25-September 27.
  • Chaffin’s Farm, New Market Heights, September 28-30.
  • Darbytown Road October 13.
  • Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28.
  • In trenches before Richmond until March 27, 1865.
  • Moved to Hatcher’s Run March 27-28.
  • Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.
  • Hatcher’s Run March 29-31.
  • Assaults on Petersburg April 1-2.
  • Assault on Fort Gregg and fall of Petersburg. April 2.
  • Pursuit of Lee April 3-9.
  • Appomattox Court House April 9.
  • Surrender of Lee and his army.

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    3. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 233
    4. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 553
    5. Volume 13 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 39th Illinois Entry, Page 22; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    6. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 233
    7. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 553
    8. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 553
    9. Volume 13 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 39th Illinois Entry, Page 22; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    10. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 263
    11. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 738
    12. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 738
    13. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 619: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    14. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 119: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (August 1864)”
    15. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 619: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    16. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1303.
    17. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 133: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (September-October 1864)”
    18. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 144: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (September-October 1864)”
    19. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 146: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (September-October 1864)”
    20. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 465: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    21. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 148: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces…Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road, Va., October 27-28, 1864”
    22. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 465: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    23. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    24. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1124: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    25. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1124: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    26. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 334: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    27. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 748: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    28. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 334: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    29. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 748: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    30. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 577: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    31. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 594: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
    32. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 577: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    33. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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