23rd Illinois Infantry

   

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in Illinois Infantry

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this unit’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Muster In: Organized at Chicago, Ill., and mustered in June 15, 1861.1
Muster Out: Mustered out at Richmond, Va., July 24, and discharged at Chicago, Ill., July 30, 1865.2

Commander(s):
Lieutenant Colonel Samuel A. Simison
Commander Image

Captain Martin Wallace
Commander Image

Captain Patrick M. Ryan
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle:

Second Offensive Order of Battle:

Third Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not present at the Siege of Petersburg.7

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not present at the Siege of Petersburg.8

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle:

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not present at the Siege of Petersburg.11

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle:

Third Brigade | First Division | Army of West Virginia | Union Army (December 1-24, 1864)12

Second Brigade | Independent Division | XXIV Corps | Army of the James | Union Army (December 24-31, 1864)13

  • Commander: Captain Martin Wallace (December 31, 1864)14
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The 23rd Illinois consisted of five (5) companies at this time.15
  • Note: Moved to Petersburg front December 30.16
  • Note: The 1st Division, Army of West Virginia was temporarily attached to the XXIV Corps, Army of the James on December 24, 1865.17

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Independent Division | XXIV Corps | Army of the James | Union Army18,19

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Samuel A. Simison (January 31 & February 28, 1865)20,21
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The 23rd Illinois consisted of five (5) companies at this time.22,23
  • Note: The 23rd Illinois was attached to the Provisional Brigade, Defenses of Bermuda Hundred, Army of the James during the months of January and February 1865.  More research is needed.24,25

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Independent Division | XXIV Corps | Army of the James | Union Army26,27

  • Commander: Captain Patrick M. Ryan (March 31, 1865)28
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles29:

  • Moved to Petersburg front December 30.
  • Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond January to April, 1865.
  • Duty in trenches before Richmond and on the Bermuda Hundred front until March 27.
  • Moved to Hatcher’s Run March 27-28.
  • Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.
  • Hatcher’s Run March 30-31 and April 1.
  • Assault on Fort Gregg and fall of Petersburg April 2.
  • Pursuit of Lee April 3-9.
  • Appomattox Court House April 9.
  • Surrender of Lee and his army.

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    3. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    4. Volume 13 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 23rd Illinois Entry, Page 18; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    5. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    6. Volume 13 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 23rd Illinois Entry, Page 18; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    7. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    8. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    9. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    10. Volume 15 (Ordnance Returns for the Third Quarter, July-September, 1864); 23rd Illinois Entry, Page 17; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    11. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    12.  A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    13. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1125: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    14. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1125: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    15. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1125: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    16.  A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    17. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1125: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    18. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 335: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    19. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 749: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    20. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 335: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    21. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 749: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    22. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 335: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    23. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 749: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    24. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 335: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    25. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 749: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    26. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 578: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    27. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 595: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
    28. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 578: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    29. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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