1st Maryland Cavalry (US)

   

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in Maryland Cavalry (US)

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this unit’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Note: The 1st Maryland Cavalry served as infantry until October 1864, when it was mounted and assigned as cavalry in the Army of the James, in which capacity it served until Lee’s surrender at Appomattox.

Muster In: Organized at Baltimore and Williamsport, Md., Pittsburgh, Pa., and Washington, D.C., August, 1861, to June, 1862. Companies “A,” “B,” “C,” “D,” “E” and “F” organized at Baltimore, Md. Company “G” organized at Pittsburgh, Pa., as Patterson’s Union Cavalry April 5, 1861. Companies “H” and “I” organized in Washington and Allegheny Counties, Pa. Company “K” organized at Allegheny City, Pa., as Morehead’s Cavalry Company August 19, 1861. Companies “L” and “M” organized at Washington, D.C., May, 1862.1
Muster Out: Mustered out August 8, 1865.2

Commander(s):
Colonel Andrew W. Evans
Commander Image

Lieutenant Colonel Jacob H. Counselman
Commander Image

Major Vincent E. von Koerber
Commander Image

Commander 4
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle:

Ad Hoc Brigade | Cavalry Division | Army of the James | Union Army (June 13-?, 1864)

Third Brigade | First Division | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army3,4

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: On June 13, 1864 the 1st Maryland Cavalry (dismounted) and 148th Ohio are temporarily assembled into an ad hoc brigade reporting to Brigadier General August V. Kautz, commander of the Cavalry Division, Army of the James. The 148th Ohio would be attached to the all-Ohio Third Division when it was created on June 19, 1864 during the Second Offensive.5

Second Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | First Division | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army6,7

  • Commander: Colonel Andrew W. Evans (June 30, 1864)8
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Third Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | First Division | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army9,10

  • Commander: Colonel Andrew W. Evans (July 31, 1864)11
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | First Division | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army12,13

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Jacob H. Counselman (August 31, 1864)14
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle:

Third Brigade | First Division | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army (September 1-October ?, 1864)15,16

Third Brigade | Cavalry Division | Army of the James | Union Army (definitely October 13, 1864 and after)17

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The 1st Maryland Cavalry (dismounted) rejoined its brigade on September 28, 1864.  I am unsure where it was located prior to that date.  A closer reading of Richard Sommers’ doctoral thesis is in order. 18

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | Cavalry Division | Army of the James | Union Army19,20

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Jacob H. Counselman (October 31, 1864)21
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: This regiment was mounted and assigned as cavalry as early as October 13, 1864.22,23

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | Cavalry Division | Army of the James | Union Army24

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Jacob H. Counselman (December 31, 1864)25
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | Cavalry Division | Army of the James | Union Army26,27

  • Commander:
    • Major Vincent E. von Koerber (January 31, 1865)28
    • Lieutenant Colonel Jacob H. Counselman (February 28, 1865)29
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle:

Third Brigade | Cavalry Division | Army of the James | Union Army (March 1-?, 1865)

Second Brigade | Cavalry Division | Army of the James | Union Army (March ?-April 2, 1865)30,31

  • Commander: Colonel Andrew W. Evans (March 31, 1865)32
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: At some point in March 1865 the 1st Maryland Cavalry was moved from the Third Brigade to the Second Brigade of the Cavalry Division, Army of the James.  More research is needed.33

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles34:

  • Wier Bottom Church, on Bermuda Hundred Front, Va., June 16-17.
  • Richmond and Petersburg R. R. June 19.
  • Deep Bottom July 21.
  • New Market Heights July 27-28.
  • Strawberry Plains, north of the James, August 14-18.
  • Flusser’s Mills August 14.
  • Deep Run August 16-18.
  • Siege of Petersburg August 25-September 27.
  • Battle of Chaffin’s Farm September 28-30.
  • New Market Heights October 7.
  • Darbytown Road October 13.
  • Fair Oaks October 27-28.
  • Smithfield December 7.
  • Duty before Richmond to March, 1865.
  • Scout to Long and Bottom’s Bridge January 30, 1865.
  • Expedition to Fearnsville and Smithfield February 11-15.
  • Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.
  • Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31.
  • Five Forks April 1.
  • Sutherland Station April 2.
  • Burgess Mills April 3.
  • Deep Creek April 4.
  • Amelia Court House April 5.
  • Sailor’s Creek and Harper’s Farm April 6.
  • Farmville April 6-7.
  • Appomattox Court House April 9.
  • Surrender of Lee and his army.

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    3. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 233
    4. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 553
    5. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), page 18
    6. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 233
    7. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 553
    8. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 553
    9. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 263
    10. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 738
    11. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 738
    12. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 619: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    13. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 119: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (August 1864)”
    14. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 619: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    15. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1303.
    16. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 133: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (September-October 1864)”
    17. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 147: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (September-October 1864)”
    18. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1303.
    19. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 468: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    20. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 152: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces…Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road, Va., October 27-28, 1864”
    21. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 468: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    22. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3): “3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 10th Army Corps, Army of the James, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to October, 1864. 3rd Brigade, Cavalry Division, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to April, 1865.”
    23.  The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 147: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (September-October 1864)”
    24. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1127: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    25. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1127: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    26. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 338: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    27. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 751: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    28. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 338: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    29. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 751: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    30. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 580: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    31. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 597: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
    32. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 580: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    33. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 580: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    34. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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