1st United States Artillery, Battery B

   

0 comments

in United States Regular Artillery

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this unit’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Muster In: Unit existed prior to the Civil War.1
Muster Out: Unit existed after the Civil War.2

Commander(s):
Captain Samuel S. Elder
Commander Image

Lieutenant Michael Leahy
Commander Image

Lieutenant Robert M. Hall
Commander Image

Lieutenant Theodore K. Gibbs
Commander Image

Commander 5
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army3,4

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons: 4 x 3-inch Ordnance Rifles (March 31, 1864)5

Second Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army6,7

  • Commander: Lieutenant Michael Leahy (June 30, 1864)8
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Third Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army9,10

  • Commander: Lieutenant Michael Leahy (July 31, 1864)11
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army12

  • Commander: Lieutenant Robert M. Hall (August 31, 1864)13
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle:

Artillery Brigade | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army14

Second Brigade | Cavalry Division | Army of the James | Union Army15,16

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery | Cavalry Division | Army of the James | Union Army17,18

  • Commander: Lieutenant Robert M. Hall (October 31, 1864)19
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery | Cavalry Division | Army of the James | Union Army20

  • Commander: Lieutenant Theodore K. Gibbs (December 31, 1864)21
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle:

Artillery | Cavalry Division | Army of the James | Union Army (January 1-?, 1865) (need source)

Artillery Brigade | XXIV Corps | Army of the James | Union Army (January ?-February 28, 1865)22,23

  • Commander:
    • Lieutenant Theodore K. Gibbs (January 31, 1865)24
    • Captain Samuel S. Elder (February28, 1865)25
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: At some point after December 31, 1864 but before January 28, 1865, this unit moved from the Cavalry Division, Army of the James to the Artillery Brigade of the XXIV Corps, Army of the James.  On what date did this occur?  More research is needed.

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | XXIV Corps | Army of the James | Union Army26,27

  • Commander: Captain Samuel S. Elder (March 31, 1865)28
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles29:

  • Before Petersburg June 15-19.
  • Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865.
  • Wilson’s Raid on Southside & Danville Railroad June 22-30.
  • Staunton River Bridge or Roanoke Station June 25.
  • Sappony Church or Stony Creek June 28-29.
  • Ream’s Station June 29.
  • Duty at Point of Rocks, near Petersburg, until September.
  • Demonstration on north side of the James September 28-30.
  • Battle of Chaffin’s Farm September 28-30.
  • Johnson’s Farm, Darbytown Road, October 7.
  • Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28.
  • In trenches north of the James until March, 1865.
  • Appomattox Campaign March 27-April 9.
  • Hatcher’s Run March 29-April 2.
  • Fall of Petersburg April 2.
  • Pursuit of Lee April 3-9.
  • Rice’s Station April 6.
  • Appomattox Court Horse April 9.
  • Surrender of Lee and his army.

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    3. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 237
    4. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 555
    5. Volume 3 (Ordnance Returns for the First Quarter, January-March, 1864); 1st United States Artillery, Battery B Entry, Page 151; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 1); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.: Not many returns exist for June 30, 1864, and none exist past that, so I’ve made the decision to include the March 31, 1864 ordnance return data in the absence of better information.  I’ll add more immediate reports of tube numbers and types as they are found.
    6. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 237
    7. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 555
    8. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 555
    9. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 267
    10. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 740
    11. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 740
    12. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 622: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    13. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 622: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    14. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 136: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (September-October 1864)”
    15. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1302.
    16. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 146: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (September-October 1864)”
    17. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 468: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    18. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 152: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces…Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road, Va., October 27-28, 1864”
    19. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 468: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    20. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1127: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    21. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1127: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    22. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 336: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    23. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 750: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    24. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 336: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    25. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 750: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    26. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 579: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    27. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 595: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
    28. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 579: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    29. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

    ***



    What are your Top 10 Gettysburg Books? See what a panel of bloggers said recently.

    { 0 comments… add one now }

    Leave a Comment

    Previous post:

    Next post: