New Hampshire Light Artillery, 1st Battery (1st NH Heavy Arty, Btty M)

   

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in New Hampshire Artillery

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Note: Between October and December 1864, this unit’s official designation changed to the 1st New Hampshire Heavy Artillery, Battery M, but the unit still appears to have served as light artillery through the end of the Siege of Petersburg.

Muster In: September 21, 18611
Muster Out: June 9, 18652

Commander(s):
Captain Frederick M. Edgell
Commander Image

Captain George K. Dakin
Commander Image

Commander 3
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army3,4

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons: 4 x 3-inch Ordnance Rifles (March 31, 1864)5

Second Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army6,7

  • Commander: Captain Frederick M. Edgell (June 30, 1864)8
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Third Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army9,10

  • Commander: Captain Frederick M. Edgell (July 31, 1864)11
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army12

  • Commander: Captain Fredrick M. Edgell (August 31, 1864)13
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army14

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army15

  • Commander: Captain Frederick M. Edgell (October 31, 1864)16
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army17

  • Commander: Captain Frederick M. Edgell (December 31, 1864)18
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: Technically known after November 5, 1864 as Company M, 1st New Hampshire Heavy Artillery, but still served as a light artillery battery until the end of the war.19

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army20,21

  • Commander: Captain George K. Dakin (January 31 & February 28, 1865)22,23
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: Technically known after November 5, 1864 as Company M, 1st New Hampshire Heavy Artillery, but still served as a light artillery battery until the end of the war.24

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army25,26

  • Commander: Captain George K. Dakin (March 31, 1865)27
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: Technically known after November 5, 1864 as Company M, 1st New Hampshire Heavy Artillery, but still served as a light artillery battery until the end of the war.28

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles29:

  • Before Petersburg June 16-19.
  • Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865.
  • Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23.
  • Deep Bottom July 27-28.
  • Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30 (Reserve).
  • Demonstration north of the James August 13-20.
  • Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18.
  • Duty in the trenches before Petersburg August 20-30.
  • At Fort Hill until September 7.
  • At Battery 18 until October 22.
  • Non-Veterans mustered out September 28, 1864.
  • Battery attached to 1st New Hampshire Heavy Artillery as Company “M” November 5, 1864, but remained detached as a Light Battery in the field.
  • Duty in the trenches before Petersburg until March, 1865.
  • Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.
  • White Oak Road March 30-31.
  • Sutherland Station and fall of Petersburg April 2.
  • Sailor’s Creek April 6.
  • Farmville and High Bridge April 7.
  • Appomattox Court House April 9.
  • Surrender of Lee and his army.

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

      Sources:

      1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
      2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
      3. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 222
      4. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 545
      5. Volume 3 (Ordnance Returns for the First Quarter, January-March, 1864); 1st Battery New Hampshire Light Artillery Entry, Page 141; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 1); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.: Not many returns exist for June 30, 1864, and none exist past that, so I’ve made the decision to include the March 31, 1864 ordnance return data in the absence of better information.  I’ll add more immediate reports of tube numbers and types as they are found.
      6. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 222
      7. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 545
      8. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 545
      9. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 254
      10. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 731
      11. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 731
      12. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 614: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
      13. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 614: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
      14. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1299.
      15. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 460: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
      16. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 460: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
      17. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1117: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
      18. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1117: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
      19. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
      20. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 327: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
      21. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 741: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
      22. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 327: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
      23. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 741: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
      24. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
      25. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 568: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
      26. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 584: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
      27. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 568: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
      28. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
      29. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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