12th South Carolina Infantry

   

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in South Carolina Infantry

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this unit’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Muster In: Organized September 1, 1861.1
Muster Out: April 9, 18652

Commander(s):
Colonel Edwin F. Bookter
Commander Image

Captain Robert M. Kerr
Commander Image

Commander 3
Commander Image

Commander 4
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: McGowan’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army3

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Second Offensive Order of Battle: McGowan’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps| Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army4

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Third Offensive Order of Battle: McGowan’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army5

  • Commander: Captain Robert M. Kerr6
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: McGowan’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army7

  • Commander: Captain Robert M. Kerr8
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: McGowan’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army9,10

  • Commander:
    • Colonel Edwin F. Bookter (killed on September 30, 1864)11,12
    • Captain Robert M. Kerr (at least September 1 & 30, 1864)13,14
  • Unit Strength: 242 officers and men PFD (September 1, 1864)15
  • Weapons: .58 caliber rifles (presumably a mix of Enfields and Springfields)16

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: McGowan’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army17

  • Commander: Captain Robert M. Kerr18
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: McGowan’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army19,20

  • Commander: Captain Robert M. Kerr (November & December 1864)21,22
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: McGowan’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army23,24,25,26,27

  • Commander: Captain Robert M. Kerr (January & February 1865)28,29,30
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: McGowan’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army31,32

  • Commander:
    • None listed. (March 1865)33
    • Captain Robert M. Kerr (captured April 1)(April 1, 1865)34
    • ? (after Capt. Kerr was captured)(April 1-2, 1865)35
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles36:

  • Petersburg Siege (June 1864-April 1865)
  • Squirrel Level Road (September 30, 1864)
  • Jones’ Farm (September 30, 1864)
  • Pegram’s Farm (October 1, 1864)
  • Five Forks (April 1, 1865)
  • Appomattox Court House (April 9, 1865)

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: South Carolina and Georgia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 85-86
    2. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: South Carolina and Georgia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 85-86
    3. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 112
    4. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 112
    5. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 122
    6. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 122
    7. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 131
    8. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 131
    9. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 139
    10. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1312.
    11. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 139
    12. Welch, Spencer G. “No title.” Letter to “?” 2 Oct. 1864. MS. Near Petersburg, Va.: “Colonel Edwin F. Bookter of the Twelfth South Carolina Regiment and three officers of the Thirteenth South Carolina were killed…”
    13. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 139
    14. Confederate Inspection Report 24-P-17: McGowan’s Brigade, September 1, 1864Inspection Reports and Related Records Received By the Inspection Branch in the Confederate Adjutant and Inspector General’s Office. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M935, Roll 10: Inspection Reports P-12 – 39-P-24); War Department Collection of Confederate Records, Record Group 109; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    15. Confederate Inspection Report 24-P-17: McGowan’s Brigade, September 1, 1864Inspection Reports and Related Records Received By the Inspection Branch in the Confederate Adjutant and Inspector General’s Office. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M935, Roll 10: Inspection Reports P-12 – 39-P-24); War Department Collection of Confederate Records, Record Group 109; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    16. Confederate Inspection Report 24-P-17: McGowan’s Brigade, September 1, 1864Inspection Reports and Related Records Received By the Inspection Branch in the Confederate Adjutant and Inspector General’s Office. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M935, Roll 10: Inspection Reports P-12 – 39-P-24); War Department Collection of Confederate Records, Record Group 109; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    17. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 148
    18. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 148
    19. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 157
    20. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 165
    21. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 157
    22. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 165
    23. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 174
    24. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1173: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, commanded by General R. E. Lee, January 31, 1865”; This list contains many commanders who were not there.  They were the “official” commanders but may have been gone on leave.  I have used none of the leaders from this list as a result.
    25. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1182: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, January 31, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from January 26-31, 1865, and the leaders should be accurate for this time frame.
    26. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 184
    27. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1272: “Organization of the Infantry and Cavalry of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, February 28, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from February 28, 1865.  However, leaders listed are from January.  I’ve chosen to ignore the leaders and just use this source for the organization of the order of battle.
    28. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 174
    29. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1182: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, January 31, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from January 26-31, 1865, and the leaders should be accurate for this time frame.
    30. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 184
    31. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 193
    32. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 203
    33. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 193
    34. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 203
    35. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 203
    36. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: South Carolina and Georgia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 85-86

    ***



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