20th North Carolina Infantry

   

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in North Carolina Infantry

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this regiment’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Muster In: Organized as the 10th North Carolina on June 18, 1861. Mustered into Confederate service on August 10, 1861. Redesignated the 20th North Carolina on November 14, 1861.1
Muster Out: April 9, 18652

Commander(s):
Colonel Thomas F. Toon
Commander Image

Major Duncan J. Devane
Commander Image

Lieutenant Pleasant A. Smith
Commander Image

Commander 4
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not yet present at the Siege of Petersburg.3

Second Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not yet present at the Siege of Petersburg.4

Third Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not yet present at the Siege of Petersburg.5

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not yet present at the Siege of Petersburg.6

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not yet present at the Siege of Petersburg.7

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not yet present at the Siege of Petersburg.8

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: Johnston’s Brigade | Pegram’s Division | Second Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army9

  • Commander:
    • Colonel Thomas F. Toon (December 1864)(in the hospital at least December 9-28)10
    • Lieutenant Pleasant A. Smith (December 1864)11
    • Major Duncan J. Devane (December 1864)12
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The Second Corps, in the Shenandoah Valley since June 1864, was ordered to rejoin Lee at the Siege of Petersburg on December 9, 1864.  The Second Corps moved to Richmond and Petersburg over the next several days, remaining with Lee’s army through Appomattox.13

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: Johnston’s Brigade | Pegram’s Division | Second Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army14,15,16,17,18

  • Commander:
    • Lieutenant Pleasant A. Smith (January 1865)19,20
    • Colonel Thomas F. Toon (February 1865)21
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: Sibley indicates that shortly after (how long exactly?) the Battle of Hatcher’s Run, Johnston’s NC Brigade was transferred to North Carolina. However, this brigade surrendered at Appomattox.  Did they leave?  If, so, for how long? They were back by March. More research is needed.22

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: Johnston’s Brigade | Pegram’s Division | Second Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army23,24

  • Commander:
    • Colonel Thomas F. Toon (wounded March 25)(March 1865)25
    • Major Duncan J. Devane (after Col. Toon was wounded)(March 1865)26
    • None listed. (April 1-2, 1865)27
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Petersburg Campaign Battles28:

  • Petersburg Siege (from December 1864)(June 1864-April 1865)
  • Hatcher’s Run (February 5-7, 1865)
  • Fort Stedman (March 25, 1865)
  • Sayler’s Creek (April 6, 1865)
  • Farmville (April 7, 1865)
  • Appomattox Court House (April 9, 1865)

Bibliography:

    Petersburg Campaign Documents Which Mention This Unit:

      Sources:

      1. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: North Carolina by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 112-113
      2. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: North Carolina by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 112-113
      3. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: North Carolina by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 112-113
      4. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: North Carolina by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 112-113
      5. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: North Carolina by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 112-113
      6. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: North Carolina by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 112-113
      7. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: North Carolina by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 112-113
      8. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: North Carolina by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 112-113
      9. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 164
      10. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 164
      11. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 164
      12. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 164
      13. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 376
      14. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 173
      15. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1172: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, commanded by General R. E. Lee, January 31, 1865”; This list contains many commanders who were not there.  They were the “official” commanders but may have been gone on leave.  I have used none of the leaders from this list as a result.
      16. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1180: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, January 31, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from January 26-31, 1865, and the leaders should be accurate for this time frame.
      17. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 183
      18. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1270: “Organization of the Infantry and Cavalry of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, February 28, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from February 28, 1865.  However, leaders listed are from January.  I’ve chosen to ignore the leaders and just use this source for the organization of the order of battle.
      19. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 173
      20. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1180: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, January 31, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from January 26-31, 1865, and the leaders should be accurate for this time frame.
      21. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 183
      22. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 183
      23. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 192
      24. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 202
      25. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 192
      26. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 192
      27. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 202
      28. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: North Carolina by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 112-113

      ***



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