37th North Carolina Infantry

   

in North Carolina Infantry

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this unit’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Muster In: Organized on November 20, 18611
Muster Out: April 9, 18652

Commander(s):
Colonel William M. Barbour
Commander Image

Lieutenant Colonel William G. Morris
Commander Image

Major Jackson L. Bost
Commander Image

Captain William T. Nicholson
Commander Image

Commander 5
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: Lane’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army3

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Second Offensive Order of Battle: Lane’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army4

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Third Offensive Order of Battle: Lane’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army5

  • Commander:
    • Colonel William M. Barbour (?)6
    • Major Jackson L. Bost (at least July 28-August 3, 1864)7
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: Lane’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army8

  • Commander:
    • Colonel William M. Barbour (wounded on August 17, 1864, but returned to duty August 30, 1864)9
    • ? (August 17-30, 1864)10
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: Lane’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army11,12

  • Commander:
    • Colonel William M. Barbour (at least September 2, 28 and 30, 1864)(mortally wounded on September 30, 1864 and died October 3, 1864 from his wound)13,14,15,16,17
    • ? (September 30, 1864)18
  • Unit Strength:
    • 224 officers and men PFD (September 2, 1864)19
    • 240 officers and men PFD (September 28, 1864)20
  • Weapons: .58 caliber rifles (presumably a mix of Enfields and Springfields)21,22

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: Lane’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army23

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel William G. Morris24
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: Lane’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army25,26

  • Commander: Major Jackson L. Bost (November & December 1864)27,28
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: Lane’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army29,30,31,32,33

  • Commander:
    • Lieutenant Colonel William G. Morris (January 1865)34
    • Captain William T. Nicholson (January 1865)35,36
    • Major Jackson L. Bost (February 1865)37
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: Lane’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army38,39

  • Commander: None listed. (March & April 1-2, 1865)40,41
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles42:

  • Petersburg Siege (June 1864-April 1865)
  • Gravel Hill (July 28, 1864)
  • Fussell’s Mill (August 16, 1864)
  • Reams’ Station (August 25, 1864)
  • Squirrel Level Road (September 30, 1864)
  • Jones’ Farm (September 30, 1864)
  • Pegram’s Farm (October 1, 1864)
  • Stony Creek Raid (December 7-12, 1864)43
  • Hatcher’s Run (February 5-7, 1865)
  • Fort Stedman (reserve) (March 25, 1865)44
  • Petersburg Final Assault (April 2, 1865)
  • Battery Gregg (April 2, 1865)
  • Jetersville (April 5, 1865)
  • Farmville (April 7, 1865)
  • Appomattox Court House (April 9, 1865)

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: North Carolina by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 136-137
    2. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: North Carolina by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 136-137
    3. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 112
    4. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 112
    5. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 122
    6. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 122: Sibley, oddly, provides no footnotes to this listing.  Further research is needed to find preferably two sources which place Barbour in command of the 37th North Carolina in July 1864.
    7. Bost, J. L. (1864, August 3). (Official Report sent to E. J. Hale, Jr.). James H. Lane Papers (RG 501, Box 2, number 74). Auburn University Libraries Department of Special Collections & University Archives, Auburn, AL.
    8. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 130
    9. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 130
    10. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 130
    11. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 139
    12. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1312.
    13. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 139
    14. Clark, Walter. Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina in the Great War 1861-’65, Volume 2 (Nash Brothers: 1901), pp. 574-580
    15. Confederate Inspection Report 25-P-17: Lane’s Brigade, September 2, 1864Inspection Reports and Related Records Received By the Inspection Branch in the Confederate Adjutant and Inspector General’s Office. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M935, Roll 10: Inspection Reports P-12 – 39-P-24); War Department Collection of Confederate Records, Record Group 109; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    16. Confederate Inspection Report 7-P-24: Lane’s Brigade, September 28, 1864Inspection Reports and Related Records Received By the Inspection Branch in the Confederate Adjutant and Inspector General’s Office. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M935, Roll 10: Inspection Reports P-12 – 39-P-24); War Department Collection of Confederate Records, Record Group 109; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    17. Clark, Walter. Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina in the Great War 1861-’65, Volume 2 (Nash Brothers: 1901), pp. 669-671, 674: “The next real engagement was at Jones’ Farm (on September 30, 1864), where we lost our beloved Colonel, William. M. Barber (aka Barbour), who fell while talking to the writer of this sketch, just before our lines advanced.”
    18. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 139
    19. Confederate Inspection Report 25-P-17: Lane’s Brigade, September 2, 1864Inspection Reports and Related Records Received By the Inspection Branch in the Confederate Adjutant and Inspector General’s Office. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M935, Roll 10: Inspection Reports P-12 – 39-P-24); War Department Collection of Confederate Records, Record Group 109; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    20. Confederate Inspection Report 7-P-24: Lane’s Brigade, September 28, 1864Inspection Reports and Related Records Received By the Inspection Branch in the Confederate Adjutant and Inspector General’s Office. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M935, Roll 10: Inspection Reports P-12 – 39-P-24); War Department Collection of Confederate Records, Record Group 109; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    21. Confederate Inspection Report 25-P-17: Lane’s Brigade, September 2, 1864Inspection Reports and Related Records Received By the Inspection Branch in the Confederate Adjutant and Inspector General’s Office. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M935, Roll 10: Inspection Reports P-12 – 39-P-24); War Department Collection of Confederate Records, Record Group 109; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    22. Confederate Inspection Report 7-P-24: Lane’s Brigade, September 28, 1864Inspection Reports and Related Records Received By the Inspection Branch in the Confederate Adjutant and Inspector General’s Office. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M935, Roll 10: Inspection Reports P-12 – 39-P-24); War Department Collection of Confederate Records, Record Group 109; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    23. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 148
    24. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 148
    25. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 156
    26. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 165
    27. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 156
    28. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 165
    29. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 174
    30. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1173: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, commanded by General R. E. Lee, January 31, 1865”; This list contains many commanders who were not there.  They were the “official” commanders but may have been gone on leave.  I have used none of the leaders from this list as a result.
    31. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1182: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, January 31, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from January 26-31, 1865, and the leaders should be accurate for this time frame.
    32. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 184
    33. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1272: “Organization of the Infantry and Cavalry of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, February 28, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from February 28, 1865.  However, leaders listed are from January.  I’ve chosen to ignore the leaders and just use this source for the organization of the order of battle.
    34. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 174
    35. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 174
    36. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1182: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, January 31, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from January 26-31, 1865, and the leaders should be accurate for this time frame.
    37. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 184
    38. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 193
    39. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 203
    40. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 193
    41. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 203
    42. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: North Carolina by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 136-137
    43. Clark, Walter. Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina in the Great War 1861-’65, Volume 2 (Nash Brothers: 1901), pp. 669-671, 674
    44. Clark, Walter. Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina in the Great War 1861-’65, Volume 2 (Nash Brothers: 1901), pp. 669-671, 674

    ***



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