Minor Scouts, Actions and Skirmishes

   

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In addition to the ten major offensives against Petersburg, there were dozens of minor scouts, actions, and skirmishes during the Siege of Petersburg.  One of the goals of The Siege of Petersburg Online is to find out and share information about these lesser actions. The complete list of these events as found in the Official Records, Serial Numbers 80, 87, and 95 is reproduced below. Items in italics are not found in the summary sections at the front of each volume of the Official Records, and have been added here due to references found in various first person accounts and other sources on the Siege of Petersburg.  My ultimate goal is to catalog and write about as many of the listed fights as possible.

List of Skirmishes and Actions During the Richmond-Petersburg Campaign

June 9, 1864.
Artillery Bombardment at Bermuda Hundred. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)1

June 9-10, 1864.
Attacks Upon Fort Clifton. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)2,3

JUNE 13-JULY 31, 1864. – The Richmond (Virginia) Campaign.

June 13, 1864.
– Skirmish at White Oak Swamp.
– Skirmish at Riddell’s Shop.
– Reconnaissance to Westover Church. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)4
– Confederate Naval Firing at Cox’s Mill towards Farrar Island. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)5
Skirmish on City Point Road near Jordan’s Farm. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)6

June 14, 1864.
Skirmish near Harrison’s Landing.
Skirmish at Turkey Bend. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)7,8

June 15, 1864.
Skirmish at Malvern Hill.
Skirmish near Smith’s Store.
Skirmish at White Oak Swamp. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)9

June 16, 1864.
– Action on the Bermuda Hundred front.
Skirmish Below Riddell’s Shop (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)10
Skirmish Near Malvern Hill. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section) 11

June 16-17, 1864.
– Actions at Fort Clifton.+

June 17, 1864.
Skirmish on the Bermuda Hundred front.
Action at Wilcox’s Wharf (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)12

June 18, 1864.
Skirmish at King and Queen Court-House.++

June 20, 1864.
Skirmish at White House.
Skirmish at King and Queen Court-House.++
Artillery Bombardment of Petersburg. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)13

June 20-21, 1864.
Cooperative Engagements in Pamunkey River (White House). (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)14

June 21, 1864.
– Action at Howlett’s Bluff.*
Skirmish at White House or Saint Peter’s Church
Skirmish at Black Creek, or Tunstall’s Station.+
– Skirmish at Davis Farm. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)15

June 22, 1864.
Skirmish at Reams’ Station
– Grover House, Deep Bottom. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)16

June 23, 1864.
Skirmish at Jones’ Bridge.+
– Skirmish at Black and White’s.
– Action at Deep Bottom. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)17
Heavy Night Firing in Front of Ninth Corps. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)18

June 24, 1864.
Action at Hare’s Hill.

June 25, 1864
Skirmish at Staunton River Bridge, or Roanoke Station (25th)
Attack on Ninth Corps Skirmish Line. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)19,20

June 27, 1864
3rd North Carolina Cavalry Skirmish Near Yellow Tavern (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)21

June 28, 1864.
Action at Howlett’s Bluff.*

June 29, 1864.
– Engagement at Four Mile Creek. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)

June 30, 1864.

– Skirmish Near Hare’s Hill. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)

June 30-July 1, 1864.
– Actions on Four-Mile Creek, at Deep Bottom.*

July 11-12, 1864.

– Expedition to Cox’s Wharf. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)

July 12, 1864.
Skirmish at Warwick Swamp.
Skirmish at Turkey Creek (and Lee’s Mill).*

July 14, 1864.
– Action at Malvern Hill.*

July 16, 1864.
Action at Four-Mile Creek.*
Action at Malvern Hill.*
Action at Wilson’s Wharf. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)22,23

July 17, 1864.
Skirmish at Herring Creek.

July 21-27, 1864.

Skirmishes at Deep Bottom. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)

July 23, 1864.
– Skirmish near Lee’s Mill. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)24,25

July 24, 1864.
– Confederate Bombardment from Chesterfield Heights. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)26

July 25, 1864.
– Henagan vs. XIX Corps at Deep Bottom. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)27,28

July 27, 1864.
– Skirmish near Lee’s Mill.

July 28, 1864.
– Action at Four-Mile Creek.*

July 30, 1864.
Skirmish at Lee’s Mill.

—————

* Of some of the minor conflicts noted in this Summary no circumstantial reports are on file.

+ For Union naval reports, see Annual Report of the Secretary of the Navy, December 5, 1864.

++ For reports, see Vol. XXXVI, Part I.

—————

AUGUST 1-DECEMBER 31, 1864.-The Richmond (Virginia) Campaign.+

August 1, 1864.
– Skirmish at Deep Bottom.

August 3, 1864.
– Action near Wilcox’s Landing.+

August 3-4, 1864.
Expedition to Cox’s Mill. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)29

August 4, 1864.
– Action near Harrison’s Landing.+
Attack upon the Steamer John Brooks near Turkey Creek. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)30

August 5, 1864.
– Explosion of Confederate mine in front of the Eighteenth Army Corps.
Skirmish at Cabin Point.
Artillery Engagement Near Howlett House. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)31

August 6, 1864.
Attack upon Rebel Pickets at Bermuda Hundred. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)32

August 11-14, 1864.
Reconnaissance to Cabin Point. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)33

August 9, 1864.
– Explosion at City Point.
– Affair near Sycamore Church.

August 13, 1864.
– Action at Four-Mile Creek+ and Dutch Gap

August 16, 1864.
– Cavalry fight at White Oak Swamp.

August 16-18, 1864.
Naval Operations at Dutch Gap and Deep Bottom. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)34

August 18, 1864.
Skirmishes at Riddle’s Shop and Deep Run. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)35
Attack on Ninth Corps Front. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)36

August 22, 1864.
Skirmish on the Vaughan Road.

August 23, 1864.
Action on the Dinwiddie Road, near Reams’ Station.

August 24, 1864.
Skirmish near Reams’ Station.
Action on the Vaughan Road, near Reams’ Station.

August 25, 1864.
– Skirmish near Ware Bottom Church on the Bermuda Hundred Line. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)37

August 31, 1864.
Skirmish near the Davis House.

September 1, 1864
Skirmish at Red Tavern near Gurley House. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)

September 2, 1864.
– Reconnaissance beyond Yellow Tavern, on Weldon Railroad.

September 3, 1864.
Affair near Sycamore Church.

September 5-6, 1864.
– Reconnaissance to Sycamore Church.

September 10, 1864.
– Assault on Confederate work at the Chimneys.

September 12, 1864.
Scout to Lee’s Mill. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)38
Scout Toward Wood’s Shop. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)39
Scout Toward Disputanta, Union, and Prince George. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)40

September 13, 1864.
Scout to Poplar Spring Church.

September 15, 1864.
Reconnaissance toward Dinwiddie Court-House, and skirmish.
– Reconnaissance toward Boydton Plank Road. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)41

September 16, 1864.
Action at Ebenezer Church. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)
Skirmish on Fifth Corps Picket Line. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)42,43

September 16-17, 1864.
– Affair at Coggins’ Point (16th) and pursuit of the Confederates.

September 19, 1864.
Scout to Lee’s Mill and Proctor’s House.

September 25, 1864.
– Skirmish on Lee’s Mill Road. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)44

September 29, 1864.
– Reconnaissance to Poplar Spring Church. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)
– Action at Wyatt’s Farm on the Weldon Railroad. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)45

September 30, 1864.
Reconnaissance to the Armstrong House on Telegraph Road. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)

October 1, 1864
– Skirmish at New Market Road. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)
Reconnaissance Toward Richmond on Darbytown Road. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)46

October 4, 1864
Skirmish Northwest of Pegram House. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)47

October 8, 1864.
Reconnaissance on the Vaughan and Squirrel Level Roads.

October 11-12, 1864.
Scout toward Stony Creek Station.

October 16-18, 1864.
Federal expedition from City Point into Surry County.

October 22, 1864.
– James River skirmish near Fort Brady.

October 27, 1864.
– Skirmish in front of Fort Morton and Fort Sedgwick.

October 29, 1864.
Skirmish at Johnson’s Farm.

October 30, 1864.
– Capture of Union Pickets at Fort Davis.

November 1- 5, 1864.
– Scout from Bermuda Hundred into Charles City County.

November 5, 1864.
– Skirmishes in front of Forts Haskell and Morton.

November 7, 1864.
– Reconnaissance toward Stony Creek.

November 16, 1864.
– Skirmish near Lee’s Mill.

November 17, 1864.
– Skirmish at Bermuda Hundred.

November 18, 1864.
– Federal scout to Disputanta.

November 24, 1864.
– Skirmish near Prince George Court-House.

November 27, 1864.
– Explosion of the Federal vessel, Greyhound, Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler’s
floating headquarters on the James River, possibly by Confederate agents.

November 28, 1864.
– Scout toward Stony Creek Station.

November 29, 1864.
– Engagement of Federal ironclads with Howlett’s Battery.

December 1, 1864.
– Expedition to Stony Creek Station, and skirmish.

December 4, 1864.
– Skirmish near Davenport Church.

December 5-6, 1864.
– Engagement of Federal ironclads with Howlett’s Battery.

December 7, 1864.
Action Above Dutch Gap. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)48

December 8, 1864.
– Skirmish at Hatcher’s Run.
9th Virginia Cavalry vs 4th Pennsylvania Cavalry near Bolling’s Bridge. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)49
Skirmish near Coman’s Well. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)50

December 9, 1864.
Skirmish at Three Creeks. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)51
– Skirmish at Belfield.

December 9-10, 1864.
– Reconnaissance to Hatcher’s Run, and skirmishes.

December 10, 1864.
– Skirmish in front of Fort Holly.
Skirmish North of Three Creeks. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)52
Skirmish at Jarratt’s Station. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)53

December 20, 1864.
Scout down Lee’s Mill Road.

December 31, 1864.
– Picket line action between Scales’ and McGowan’s Sharpshooter Battalions and Sixth Corps picket line. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)

—————

+ For Union naval reports, see Annual Report of the Secretary of the Navy, December 5, 1864.

—————

JANUARY 1-APRIL 3, 1865.-The Richmond (Virginia) Campaign.

January 1, 1865.
– Blowing Up of the Bulkheads of Dutch Gap Canal.

January 9, 1865.
Skirmish near Disputanta Station.

January 11, 1865.
Skirmish near Warwick Swamp.

January 23, 1865.
Action Near Cabin Point. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)54

January 23-24, 1865.
Action at Fort Brady, James River. (Attempted Passage by the Confederate Squadron of the Obstructions in Trent’s Reach.)

January 25, 1865.
Skirmish near Powhatan.

January 29, 1865
Reconnaissance to Riddell’s Shop.
Scout to White’s Tavern on the Charles City Road.

January 30, 1865.
Scout to Long Bridge and Bottom’s Bridge.

February 9, 1865.
– General Robert E. Lee, C. S. Army, assumes command of the Confederate armies.

February 17, 1865.
– Skirmish on Bermuda Hundred.

March 7, 1865.
Scout to Lee’s Mill.

March 8, 1865.
Scout to Disputanta Station.

March 25, 1865.
– Action at the Watkins House.
– Action at Fort Fisher.

March 27, 1865.
Action at McIlwaine’s Hill.

March 29, 1865.
Skirmish at the junction of the Quaker and Boydton Roads.
Skirmish on the Vaughan Road, near Hatcher’s Run.
Skirmish at Dinwiddie Court House. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)55
Skirmish at Malone’s Crossing on Rowanty Creek. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)56

March 30, 1865.
Skirmish on the line of Hatcher’s Run and Gravelly Run.
Skirmish near Five Forks.
Skirmish at Roney’s Mill on Stony Creek.
24th Corps Skirmishes Near Hatcher’s Run. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)57

March 31, 1865.
Action at Hatcher’s Run, or Boydton Road.
Action at Crow’s House.
24th Corps Skirmishes Near Hatcher’s Run. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)
Skirmish Near Dr. Boisseau’s House. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)58

April 1, 1865.
Skirmish at the White Oak Road.
Action at Little Cat Tail Creek. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)59
24th Corps Skirmish near Hatcher’s Run. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)60

April 2, 1865.
Skirmish at Gravelly Ford, on Hatcher’s Run.
Action at Scott’s Cross-Roads.
Action on the Bermuda Hundred Line. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)61
Skirmish on Church Road at Hatcher’s Run. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)62
Skirmish at Cox Road and Church Road. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)63
Skirmish on Burkeville Road. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)64
Skirmish Near Exeter Mills. (Not listed in Official Records Summary Section)65

April 3, 1865.
Occupation of Richmond and Petersburg by the Union forces.

Sources:

  1. Butler.” The New York Herald (New York, NY), June 12, 1864, p. 5, col. 4
  2. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Series 1, Volume 10, p. 338339
  3. Butler.” The New York Herald (New York, NY), June 12, 1864, p. 5, col. 4
  4. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 4.
  5. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 5.
  6. From the Front.” The Daily Express (Petersburg, VA). June 14, 1864, p. 2 col. 3
  7. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 37.
  8. “Army of Northern Virginia,” Richmond Sentinel, June 15, 1864, p. 1 col. 2
  9. Clark, Walter. Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina in the Great War 1861-’65, Volume 3 (Nash Brothers: 1901), pp. 77-80, 82
  10. Telegraphic Reports of the Press Association.” The Daily Express (Petersburg, VA). June 17, 1864, p. 1 col. 7
  11. Telegraphic Reports of the Press Association.” The Daily Express (Petersburg, VA). June 17, 1864, p. 1 col. 7
  12. From Gen. Butler’s Command.” The Philadelphia Inquirer (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), June 21, 1864, p. 1, col. 3
  13. “Associated Press Accounts.” The Philadelphia Inquirer (Philadelphia, PA), June 24, 1864, p. 1, col. 2
  14. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume X, pp. 165-168.
  15. Clark, Walter. Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina in the Great War 1861-’65, Volume 1 (Nash Brothers: 1901), pp. 430-443
  16. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3): 100th New York entry.
  17. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3): 100th New York entry.
  18. “General Grant’s Army.” The Philadelphia Inquirer (Philadelphia, PA), June 25, 1864, p. 1, col. 1: ”There was heavy firing in front of the Ninth Corps about midnight (between June 22-23, 1864). At times the musketry broke out into regular volleys. The firing lasted all night.”
  19. “The Siege of Petersburg.” The Philadelphia Inquirer (Philadelphia, PA). June 28, 1864, p. 1 col. 1
  20. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), pp. 409, 417418.
  21. Clark, Walter. Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina in the Great War 1861-’65, Volume 2 (Nash Brothers: 1901), pp. 779-787
  22. “The War News.” Richmond Examiner. July 18, 1864, p. 1 col. 1-2
  23. “Rebel Batteries on the James.” Philadelphia Inquirer. July 18, 1864, p. 1 col. 3
  24. “The War News.” Richmond Examiner. July 25, 1864, p. 1 col. 1-2
  25. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), p. 415.
  26. “The War News.” Richmond Examiner. July 25, 1864, p. 1 col. 1-2
  27. “The War News.” Richmond Examiner. July 27, 1864, p. 1 col. 1-2
  28. “Yankee Prisoners.” Richmond Examiner. July 27, 1864, p. 1 col. 3
  29. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume X, p. 335336
  30. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume X, p. 337
  31. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume X, p. 330
  32. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume X, p. 337
  33. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), pp. 831832.
  34. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume X, pp. 366367.
  35. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), p. 617.
  36. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), p. 261.
  37. Mowris, J.A., A History of the One Hundred and Seventeenth Regiment, N.Y. Volunteers. Hartford, Case, Lockwood, & Co., 1866, p. 130: In a skirmish on the Bermuda Hundred line on August 25, 1864 the 117th NY lost some men as prisoners.
  38. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), p. 810.
  39. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), p. 810.
  40. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), p. 810.
  41. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), pp. 511-513.
  42. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), p. 61.
  43. Bockmiller, Stephen R. “Hagerstown’s Durable Man: A Marylander’s Half Century of Military Service Spanned Four Wars.” Military Images, vol. 35, no. 4, 2017, pp. 48–51. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/26214057. Accessed 27 July 2020.
  44. Hand, Harold. One Good Regiment: The 13th Pennsylvania Cavalry in the Civil War, 1861-1865 (Trafford: 2000), p. ???: “On the 25th, Major McCabe reported that at 2:00 a.m. there was an attack made against the pickets on Lee’s Mill road by a dismounted party numbering 12 men, who came from the rear. The pickets lost 2 men wounded and 1 horse killed, after which all was quiet. At daylight a party of the 1st Maine Cavalry was sent out along the picket line of the 13th PA Cavalry to search for the men who had attacked, but no trace of them was found.” Also see OR XLII, Pt. 2, p. 1024.
  45. Hennessey, James J. “My Old Blue Cavalry Trowsers: A Poem by Winsor Bruce Smith, Late Sergeant, 1st Maine Cavalry.” Military Images, vol. 21, no. 4, 2000, pp. 20–21. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/44033681. Accessed 26 July 2020.
  46. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), pp. 678-681.
  47. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), pp. 75-76.
  48. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), p. 24.
  49. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), p. 612.
  50. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), p. 612.
  51. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), p. 612.
  52. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), p. 612.
  53. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), p. 612.
  54. “The News.” Daily Dispatch (Richmond, VA). February 13, 1865, p. 3 col. 2
  55. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), p. 119.
  56. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), p. 1101.
  57. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), p. 1179.
  58. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), p. 846.
  59. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), p. 118.
  60. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), pp. 129-137.
  61. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), p. 145.
  62. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), p. 851.
  63. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), p. 851.
  64. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), p. 882, 888.
  65. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), p. 1128.

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