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Ship Information (from DANFS)1,2:

Name: USS Young America Type: Screw Tug Tonnage: 173
Length: Not Listed. Beam: Not Listed. Draught: 10’6”
Speed: Not Listed. Complement: Not Listed. Class: Not Listed.
Armament: November 30, 1863 and January 9, 1865: 1 30-pdr. Parrott rifle, 1 24-pdr. Dahlgren howitzer
Namesake: Not Listed.

Images:

20424vYoungAmericaCLOSEUP3

 

Captain(s):
Acting Ensign and Pilot Oliver Lasher
Captain Image

Acting Master’s Mate John H. Gilley
Captain Image

Captain 3
Captain Image

 

First Offensive Order of Battle (June 13-18, 1864): James River, Va. | North Atlantic Blockading Squadron | Union Navy (June 17, 1864)4

  • Captain:
  • Crew Strength:
  • Armament:
  • Note: On June 17, 1864, this ship is noted as a “Tug: at Wilson’s Wharf” and “above Newport News” on the James River.5

Second Offensive Order of Battle (June 19-30, 1864):

  • Captain:
  • Crew Strength:
  • Armament:

Third Offensive Order of Battle (July 1-31, 1864): Fourth Division (James River) | North Atlantic Blockading Squadron | Union Navy (July 31, 1864)6

  • Captain:
  • Crew Strength:
  • Armament:

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle (August 1-31, 1864): Fourth Division (James River) | North Atlantic Blockading Squadron | Union Navy (August 1 & 17, 1864)7,8

  • Captain:
  • Crew Strength:
  • Armament:

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle (September 1-October 13, 1864): Second Division (Hampton Roads and James River) | North Atlantic Blockading Squadron | Union Navy (September 1 & 16 and October 1, 1864)9,10,11

  • Captain:
  • Crew Strength:
  • Armament:
  • Note: On October 1, 1864, this ship is reported as on the “James River.”12

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle (October 14-31, 1864):

  • Captain:
  • Crew Strength:
  • Armament:

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle (November 1-December 31, 1864):

Norfolk Navy Yard, Va. (repairing) | North Atlantic Blockading Squadron | Union Navy (November 1, 1864)13

Norfolk Navy Yard, Va. | North Atlantic Blockading Squadron | Union Navy (December 5, 1864)14

James River, Va. | North Atlantic Blockading Squadron | Union Navy (December 15, 1864)15

  • Captain:
    • Not Listed. (November 1, 1864)16
    • Acting Ensign and Pilot Oliver Lasher (December 5 & 15, 1864)17,18
  • Crew Strength:
  • Armament: 2 x “guns” (December 15, 1864)19
  • Notes:
    • On November 12, 1864, this ship was acting as a patrol boat in the James River but was repairing.  It was classified as a “tug.”20
    • On December 15, 1864, this ship is noted as a “Class 4” vessel.21

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle (January 1-February 28, 1865):

James River, Va. | North Atlantic Blockading Squadron | Union Navy (January 1 & 15 and February 1 & 15, 1865)22,23,24,25

Hampton Roads, Va. | North Atlantic Blockading Squadron | Union Navy (February 25, 1865)26

  • Captain:
    • Acting Ensign Oliver Lasher (January 1, 1865)27
    • Acting Master’s Mate John H. Gilley (January 15 and February 1 & 15, 1865)28,29,30
  • Crew Strength:
  • Armament:
    • 1 x 30-pdr. Parrott rifle, 1 x 24-pdr. Dahlgren howitzer (January 9, 1865)31
    • 2 x “guns” (January 1 & 15 and February 1 & 15, 1865)32,33,34,35
  • Note: On January 1 & 15 and February 1 & 15, 1865, this ship is noted as a “Class 4” vessel.36,37,38,39

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle (March 1-April 2, 1865):

Hampton Roads, Va. | North Atlantic Blockading Squadron | Union Navy (March 18, 1865)40

Norfolk Navy Yard, Va. | North Atlantic Blockading Squadron | Union Navy (April 1, 1865)41

Norfolk, Va. (repairing) | North Atlantic Blockading Squadron | Union Navy (April 15, 1865)42

  • Captain: Acting Master’s Mate John H. Gilley (March 18 and April 1 & 15, 1865)43,44,45
  • Crew Strength:
  • Armament: 2 x “guns” (March 18 and April 1 & 15, 1865)46,47,48
  • Note: On March 18 and April 1 & 15, 1865, this ship is noted as a “Screw Class” vessel.49,50,51

 

Siege of Petersburg Battles:

  • TBD

 

Siege of Petersburg Involvement:52

On 24 April 1861, Union sloop-of-war Cumberland captured Young America in Hampton Roads, Va., as that Confederate tug attempted to help blockade-running schooner George M. Smith enter the James River laden with munitions for the Confederacy. Cumberland armed the prize, a screw steamer built in 1855 at New York City, and used her as a tender. However, early in June, Young America was ordered to the Washington Navy Yard for repairs to her machinery. She broke down while en route and was towed up the Potomac by Union steamer Resolute. Repairs completed, the tug departed Washington late in July, bound for Hampton Roads and duty with the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron…

On 7 January 1864, the tug was finally purchased by the Navy from the Boston prize court.

Young America was assigned to captured Confederate ram CSS Atlanta for use as a tug on 9 April 1864 and assisted troops under General Wild in repulsing a Confederate attack upon Wilson’s Wharf, James River, Va., on 24 May 1864. She remained with the James River Squadron, Fourth Division, until the end of the war.

Young America was decommissioned on 9 June 1865 at the Norfolk Navy Yard and was sold at public auction at New York City on 12 July 1865 to Camden & Amboy Railroad Co.

 

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

      Sources:

      1. “DANFS.” Naval History and Heritage Command, www.history.navy.mil/content/history/nhhc/research/histories/ship-histories/danfs.html.
      2. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Series 2, Volume 1, p. 244
      3. Waud, Alfred R. , Artist. Broadside views of the Whitehead, Cohasset, and Young America. (Between 1860 and 1865) Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, www.loc.gov/item/2004661172/. This is a closeup up the Young America from the larger image.
      4. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume X, pp. 157158
      5. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume X, pp. 157158
      6. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume X, pp. 324325
      7. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume X, pp. 370371
      8. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume X, p. 326
      9. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume X, pp. 410412
      10. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume X, pp. 462463
      11. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume X, pp. 514515
      12. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume X, pp. 514515
      13. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XI, pp. 3940
      14. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XI, pp. 140142
      15. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XI, pp. 192194
      16. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XI, pp. 3940
      17. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XI, pp. 140142
      18. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XI, pp. 192194
      19. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XI, pp. 192194
      20. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XI, p. 61
      21. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XI, pp. 192194
      22. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XI, pp. 398400
      23. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XI, pp. 597599
      24. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XI, pp. 722724
      25. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XII, pp. 2021
      26. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XII, pp. 5455
      27. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XI, pp. 398400
      28. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XI, pp. 597599
      29. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XI, pp. 722724
      30. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XII, pp. 2021
      31. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Series 2, Volume 1, p. 244
      32. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XI, pp. 398400
      33. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XI, pp. 597599
      34. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XI, pp. 722724
      35. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XII, pp. 2021
      36. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XI, pp. 398400
      37. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XI, pp. 597599
      38. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XI, pp. 722724
      39. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XII, pp. 2021
      40. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XII, pp. 7173
      41. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XII, pp. 9394
      42. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XII, pp. 116118
      43. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XII, pp. 7173
      44. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XII, pp. 9394
      45. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XII, pp. 116118
      46. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XII, pp. 7173
      47. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XII, pp. 9394
      48. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XII, pp. 116118
      49. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XII, pp. 7173
      50. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XII, pp. 9394
      51. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, Volume XII, pp. 116118
      52. “Young America (screw tug).” Naval History and Heritage Command, https://www.history.navy.mil/research/histories/ship-histories/danfs/y/young-america-screw-tug.html.

      ***



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