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Muster In: Organized at Camp Stanton, Md., November 11-30, 1863.1
Muster Out: Mustered out November 20, 1866.2

Commander(s):
Colonel Thomas Bayley
Commander Image

Lieutenant Colonel Samuel C. Armstrong
Commander Image

Lieutenant Colonel David Torrance (of the 29th CT AD)
Commander Image

Major George M. Dennett
Commander Image

Commander 5
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not present at the Siege of Petersburg.3

Second Offensive Order of Battle:

Third Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not present at the Siege of Petersburg.6

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle:

Colored Brigade | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army (August 13-24, 1864)7

First Brigade | Third Division | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army (August 25-31, 1864)8,9

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Samuel C. Armstrong (August 31, 1864)10
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: Moved to Bermuda Hundred, Va., August 4-8.11

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Third Division | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army12,13,14

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Third Division | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army15,16

  • Commander: Colonel Thomas Bayley (October 31, 1864)17
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle:

First Brigade | Third Division | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army (November 1-December 3, 1864)18

Second Brigade | Third Division | XXV Corps | Army of the James | Union Army (December 3-31, 1864)19

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel David Torrance (of the 29th CT AD)(December 31, 1864)20
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: On December 3, 1864, the X Corps and XVIII Corps of the Army of the James were reorganized into the XXIV Corps and the XXV Corps.

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | First Division | XXV Corps | Army of the James | Union Army21,22

  • Commander:
    • Colonel Thomas Bayley (temporarily commanding Second Brigade while Bvt. Brigadier General Charles S. Russell took a leave of absence starting on February 27)(January 31 & February, 1865)23,24
    • Major George M. Dennett (February 28, 1865)25
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: At some point, apparently in December and probably due to the First Fort Fisher Expedition, the First and Third divisions of the XXV Corps switched places.  The old First Division under Brigadier General Charles A. Paine became the new Third Division and was mostly sent on the First Fort Fisher Expedition.  The old Third Division, under Brigadier General Edward A. Wild, became the new First Division and remained at the Siege of Petersburg.

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | First Division | XXV Corps | Army of the James | Union Army26,27

  • Commander: Colonel Thomas Bayley (March 31, 1865)28
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles29:

  • Moved to Bermuda Hundred, Va., August 4-8.
  • Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond August, 1864, to April, 1865.
  • Demonstration on north side of James River August 13-18.
  • Skirmishes at Deep Bottom August 14-15.
  • Russell’s Mills August 16.
  • Moved to Bermuda Hundred front August 18, thence to Petersburg August 24, and duty in trenches until September 26.
  • Demonstration on north side of James September 26-30.
  • Battle of Chaffin’s Farm, New Market Heights, September 28-30.
  • Fort Gilmer September 29.
  • Darbytown Road October 13.
  • Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28.
  • In trenches before Richmond until April, 1865.
  • Occupation of Richmond April 3.
  • Duty at Richmond, Petersburg and City Point until June.

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    3. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    4. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    5. Volume 14 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 9th United States Colored Troops Entry, Page 90; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    6. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    7.  The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 120: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (August 1864)”: This brigade became the First Brigade of Birney’s Third (Colored) Division, Tenth Corps at some point in late August 1864, after Second Deep Bottom.
    8.  The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 620: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    9.  The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 109: “Itinerary of the Army of the Potomac and Army of the James”: “August 25.-Brigadier General William Birney assumed command of the Third Division, Tenth Army Corps…”
    10. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 620: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    11. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    12. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1303.
    13. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 134: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (September-October 1864)”: The Official Records casualty returns for Chaffin’s Farm still refer to this brigade as the unattached “Colored Brigade”, Tenth Corps, Army of the James.
    14. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 147: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (September-October 1864)”
    15. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 465: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    16. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 149: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces…Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road, Va., October 27-28, 1864”
    17. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 465: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    18. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    19. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1126: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    20. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1126: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    21. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 336: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    22. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 750: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    23. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 336: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    24. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 750: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    25. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 750: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    26. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 579: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    27. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 596: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
    28. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 579: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    29. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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