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Muster In: Organized at Camp Hamilton, Va., December 22, 1863.1
Muster Out: Mustered out February 4, 1866.2

Commander(s):
Colonel Jeptha Garrard
Commander Image

Major William H. Seip
Commander Image

Captain David Vandevort
Commander Image

Captain Charles W. Emerson
Commander Image

Commander 5
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: Unattached (Williamsburg, VA) | Department of Virginia and North Carolina | Union Army3,4

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Second Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Third Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army5,6

  • Commander: Colonel Jeptha Garrard (June 30, 1864)7
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: Joined the First Brigade, Third Division, XVIII Corps, AotJ on June 20, 1864.8

Third Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Third Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union9,10

  • Commander: Major William H. Seip (July 31, 1864)11
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: A portion of the 1st US Colored Cavalry (companies E and I) under Captain Charles W. Emerson (Co. E) and Captain Orville L. Howard (Co. I) was attached to 3/1/X/AotJ at least in July 1864.   More research is needed.12,13

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: Portsmouth and Newport News, Va. | District of Eastern Virginia | Department of Virginia and North Carolina | Union Army14

  • Commander: Major Harvey W. Brown (August 31, 1864)15
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: Ordered to Fort Monroe August 3. Duty at Newport News and at Portsmouth and in District of Eastern Virginia until May, 1865.16

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • No longer present at the Siege of Petersburg.17
  • Note: Companies E and I of the 1st United States Colored Cavalry were with the Separate Brigade, Army of the James during this offensive.18

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • No longer present at the Siege of Petersburg.19
  • Note: Companies E and I of the 1st United States Colored Cavalry under Captain Orville L. Howard were serving with the Separate Brigade, Army of the James at this time.20

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle:

  • No longer present at the Siege of Petersburg.21
  • Note: A detachment (probably Company I) of the 1st United States Colored Cavalry under Captain David Vandevort were serving with the Separate Brigade, Army of the James at this time.22
  • Note: Company E of the 1st United States Colored Cavalry under Captain Charles W. Emerson was serving at Fort Powhatan with the Separate Brigade, Army of the James at this time.23

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • No longer present at the Siege of Petersburg.24
  • Note: A detachment (probably Company I) of the 1st United States Colored Cavalry under Captain David Vandevort was serving with the Separate Brigade, Army of the James at this time.25,26
  • Note: Company E of the 1st United States Colored Cavalry under Captain Charles W. Emerson was serving at Fort Powhatan with the Separate Brigade, Army of the James at this time.27,28

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • No longer present at the Siege of Petersburg.29
  • Note: Company I of the 1st United States Colored Cavalry under Lieutenant Horace Hudson was serving with the Separate Brigade, Army of the James at this time at Harrison’s Landing.30,31
  • Note: Company E of the 1st United States Colored Cavalry under Captain Charles W. Emerson was serving at Fort Powhatan with the Separate Brigade, Army of the James at this time.32,33

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles34:

  • In trenches at Bermuda Hundred until June 18.
  • Bayler’s Farm June 15.
  • Assaults on Petersburg June 16-19.
  • Siege of Petersburg until August.
  • Action at Deep Bottom July 27-28.
  • Ordered to Fort Monroe August 3.
  • Duty at Newport News and at Portsmouth and in District of Eastern Virginia until May, 1865.

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    3. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3): “Unattached Williamsburg, Va., Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina, to June, 1864.”
    4. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 236
    5. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 236
    6. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 555
    7. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 555
    8. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 236
    9. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 266
    10. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 740
    11. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 740
    12. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 264
    13. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 739
    14. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 623: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    15. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 623: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    16. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    17. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    18. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1302.
    19. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    20. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 468: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    21. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    22. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1128: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    23. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1128: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    24. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    25. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 339: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    26. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 752: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    27. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 339: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    28. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 753: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    29. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    30. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 577: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    31. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 593: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
    32. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 577: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    33. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 593: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
    34. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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