88th Pennsylvania Infantry

   

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Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this unit’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Muster In: Organized at Philadelphia September, 1861.1
Muster Out: June 30, 18652

Commander(s):
Lieutenant Colonel Benjamin F. Haines (11th PA)
Commander Image

Major Henry J. Sheafer (from 107th PA, acting commander)
Commander Image

Major Cyrus S. Detre
Cyrus S. Detre, 88th Pennsylvania3

Major Henry A. Laycock (of the 56th PA)
Commander Image

Captain Jacob Houder
Commander Image

Captain Henry Whiteside
Commander Image

Captain Edmund Y. Patterson
Commander Image

Captain Joseph Lawrence
Commander Image

Captain Aaron Bright
Commander Image

Commander 8
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Third Division | V Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army4,5

  • Commander: Captain Jacob Houder or Lt. Col. Benjamin F. Haines of the 11th PA? (June 15-18, 1864)6
  • Unit Strength:
    • 166 officers and men PFD (June 10, 1864)7
    • 121 officers and men PFD (not including Co. D, which did not report) (June 16, 1864)8
    • 60 officers and men taken into combat (June 18, 1864)9
  • Weapons: Enfield Rifles (.577 caliber) (June 30, 1864)10

Second Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Third Division | V Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army11,12

  • Commander:
    • Captain Jacob Houder (June 19-30, 1864)13,14
    • Captain Edmund Y. Patterson (June 26, 1864)15
  • Unit Strength:
    • 99 officers and men PFD (not including Co. D, which did not report) (June 26, 1864)16
  • Weapons: Enfield Rifles (.577 caliber) (June 30, 1864)17

Third Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Third Division | V Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army18,19

  • Commander:
    • Captain Jacob Houder (July 1-22, 1864)20,21
    • Major Henry Sheafer (from 107th PA)(July 22-31, 1864)22,23,24,25
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Third Division | V Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army26,27

  • Commander:
    • Major Henry J. Sheafer (from 107th PA)(August 1-17, 1864)28
    • Captain Jacob Houder (August 17-19, 1864)(killed August 19, 1864)29,30,31
    • Major Henry J. Sheafer (from 107th PA) (at least temporarily on the dield August 19, 1864)32
    • Captain Henry Whiteside (August 19-31, 1864)33
    • Captain Edmund Y. Patterson (August 25, 31, 1864)34
  • Unit Strength:
    • “not more than 200” officers and men PFD (August 13, 1864)35
    • 173 officers and men PFD (August 17, 1864)36
    • “about 150” officers and men PFD (August 26, 1864)37
    • 138 officers and men PFD (August 28, 1864)38
  • Weapons:

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Third Division | V Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army39

  • Commander:
    • Captain Henry Whiteside (September 1-5, 1864)40
    • Captain Edmund Y. Patterson (September 5-October 1, 1864)41
    • Adjutant Cyrus Detre OR First Lt. Joseph Lawrence (October 1-10, 1864)42
    • Adjutant Cyrus Detre (October 10-13, 1864)43
  • Unit Strength:
    • 122 officers and men PFD (September 13, 1864)44
    • 121 officers and men PFD (October 5, 1864)45
  • Weapons:

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Third Division | V Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army46

  • Commander:
    • Major Cyrus Detre (October 14-November 1, 1864)47
    • Captain Joseph Lawrence (October 19-November 13?)48,49
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Third Division | V Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army50,51

  • Commander:
    • Major Cyrus Detre (November 1 (or 22?)-30, 1864)52
    • Captain Joseph Lawrence (November 1-13?, December 1-25, 1864)53,54
    • Lieutenant Colonel Benjamin F. Haines (December 26-31, 1864)55,56
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: This regiment participated in Warren’s Stony Creek, or “Apple Jack” Raid to Belfield and Hicksford, Virginia from December 7-12, 1864.57

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Third Division | V Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army58,59,60

  • Commander:
    • Lieutenant Colonel Ben F. Haines (January 1-February 6, 1865)(wounded February 6, 1865)61,62
    • Captain Aaron Bright (February 6-28, 1865)63,64
  • Unit Strength:
    • 195 officers and men PFD (February 5, 1865)65
    • 178 officers and men PFD (February 12, 1865)66
  • Weapons:
  • Note: This unit is listed in the casualty returns for the Battle of Hatcher’s Run, February 5-7, 1865, implying it was present during the Eighth Offensive and the battle.67

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle:

Second Brigade | Third Division | V Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army (March 1-16, 1865)

Third Brigade | Third Division | V Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army (March 16-April 2, 1865)68,69,70

  • Commander:
    • Captain Aaron Bright (March 1-15, 1865)(at least April 15, 1865)71,72
    • Major Henry A. Laycock (from the 56th PA, commanded both regiments) (March 16-April 9, 1865)73
  • Unit Strength:
    • 323 officers and men PFD (Combined 56th/88th PA on April 1, 1865)74
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The 88th Pennsylvania switched brigades on March 16, 1865, and seems to have been combined with the 56th Pennsylvania under Major Laycock of the 56th Pennsylvania, at least on a temporary basis, for the remainder of the Siege of Petersburg.75

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles76:

  • Skirmish at White Oak Swamp (June 13, 1864)77
  • Before Petersburg June 16-18.78
  • Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865.
  • Picket Firing w/ Wounded (July 7, 1864) 79
  • Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30, 1864 (Reserve).
  • Weldon Railroad August 18-21.80
  • Reconnaissance beyond Yellow Tavern, on Weldon Railroad (September 2, 1864) (Reserve)81
  • Reconnaissance toward Dinwiddie Court-House, and skirmish. (September 15, 1864)82
  • Reconnaissance to Poplar Spring Church (September 29, 1864)83,84
  • Expedition in General Direction of South Side Railroad (October ??, 1864)85
  • Hatcher’s Run October 27-28.
  • Warren’s Expedition to Weldon Railroad December 7-12.86
  • Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run, February 5-7, 1865.87
  • Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.
  • Lewis Farm near Gravelly Run March 29.
  • White Oak Road March 30-31.88
  • Five Forks April 1.89
  • Pursuit of Lee April 2-9.
  • Appomattox C. H. April 9.
  • Surrender of Lee and his army.

Bibliography:

Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

Link:

Sources:

  1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
  2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
  3. Vautier, John D. History of the 88th Pennsylvania Volunteers in the War for the Union, 1861-1865. Philadelphia: Printed by J.B. Lippincott, 1894, p. 26.
  4. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 224
  5. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 546
  6. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), p. 277, 351: June 15: Captain Houder commanding on CMR, but Lt. Col. Haines of the 11th PA “officially” in command. More research is needed.
  7.  Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), p. 270
  8.  Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), p. 277
  9. Vautier, John D. History of the 88th Pennsylvania Volunteers in the War for the Union, 1861-1865. Philadelphia: Printed by J.B. Lippincott, 1894, p. 193: “Roll was called, and Ninesteel said that there were just sixty men with the colors.”
  10. Volume 14 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 88th Pennsylvania Entry, Page 52; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
  11. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 224
  12. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 546
  13. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), p. 351
  14. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 546
  15. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), p. 285: Patterson signed the consolidated morning report as commanding officer.  Where was Houder?
  16.  Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), p. 285
  17. Volume 14 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 88th Pennsylvania Entry, Page 52; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
  18. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 256
  19. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 733
  20. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), pp. 291, 351: Ayoub has a typo on page 351, which puts Sheafer in command as of July 24 rather than July 22.  His own book, page 291, shows Sheafer assumed command on July 22, NOT July 24.
  21. Vautier, John D. “Private John D. Vautier Diary.” Descendants of the 88th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment. Ed. Phyllis Weaver Bickley. Todd Leiss. Web. 30 Dec. 2015. <http://www.old88thpvi.com/the-eighty-eighth-documents.html>: Vautier’s diary, quoting Captain Charlie McKnight’s diary of the same day, states that Scheafer was in command of the 88th Pennsylvania on July 22, 1864.
  22. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), pp. 291, 351: Sheafer, of the 107th Pennsylvania, was temporarily assigned to command the 88th from July 22-August 17, 1864)
  23. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 733
  24. Vautier, John D. “Private John D. Vautier Diary.” Descendants of the 88th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment. Ed. Phyllis Weaver Bickley. Todd Leiss. Web. 30 Dec. 2015. <http://www.old88thpvi.com/the-eighty-eighth-documents.html>: Vautier’s diary, quoting Captain Charlie McKnight’s diary of the same day, states that Scheafer was already in command of the 88th Pennsylvania on July 22, 1864.
  25. Vautier, John D. History of the 88th Pennsylvania Volunteers in the War for the Union, 1861-1865. Philadelphia: Printed by J.B. Lippincott, 1894, p. 196: “On July 22 the major of the 107th Pennsylvania took temporary command of the 88th…”
  26. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 615: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
  27. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 124: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (August 1864)”
  28. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), pp. 291, 295, 351: Sheafer, of the 107th Pennsylvania, was temporarily assigned to command the 88th from July 22-August 17, 1864)
  29. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), p. 295, 351
  30. Vautier, John D. “Private John D. Vautier Diary.” Descendants of the 88th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment. Ed. Phyllis Weaver Bickley. Todd Leiss. Web. 30 Dec. 2015. <http://www.old88thpvi.com/the-eighty-eighth-documents.html>.: “Captain Houder was killed by a ball in the forehead while leading the advance…Capt Houder killed on 19. Error in copying from my diary.”
  31. Vautier, John D. History of the 88th Pennsylvania Volunteers in the War for the Union, 1861-1865. Philadelphia: Printed by J.B. Lippincott, 1894, pp. 227-228: “This happened on Friday, August 19, and our regimental commander, Captain Houder, was killed, four wounded, and about twenty-five missing.”
  32. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), p. 299
  33. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), p. 351: Ayoub has Whiteside in command on August 31, 1864, but the August 31, 1864 organizational tables in the Official Records show Edmund Y. Patterson in charge.  More research is needed.
  34. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 615: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”: Michael Ayoub in The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), p. , 299, 304, 351: The first two references show that Patterson seems to have taken over by August 25, but page 351 shows Captain Henry Whiteside in command rather than Patterson.  More research is needed.
  35. Vautier, John D. “Private John D. Vautier Diary.” Descendants of the 88th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment. Ed. Phyllis Weaver Bickley. Todd Leiss. Web. 30 Dec. 2015. <http://www.old88thpvi.com/the-eighty-eighth-documents.html>: “There isnt many of them left – not more than 200 in the entire Regt.”
  36.  Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), p. 295
  37. Vautier, John D. History of the 88th Pennsylvania Volunteers in the War for the Union, 1861-1865. Philadelphia: Printed by J.B. Lippincott, 1894, p. 200: “The regiment now had about 150 present, but as the time of many who had first enlisted would soon expire, the command was shortly to be still further reduced in numbers.”
  38.  Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), p. 305
  39. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1300.
  40. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), p. 307, 351
  41. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), p. 351
  42. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), p. 311, 351: Ayoub contradicts himself.  Page 351 shows Detre in command.  However, his text on page 311 indicates First Lieutenant Lawrence was in command and Detre continued in his role as adjutant.
  43. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), p. 311
  44. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), p. 307
  45. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), p. 311
  46. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 461: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
  47. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), p. 351
  48. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), p. 312: Ayoub again contradicts himself.  His text on page 312 seems to indicate Lawrence, rather than Detre, was in command.  More research is needed.
  49. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 461: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864): The Official Records show Lawrence in charge on October 31, 1864.
  50. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1118: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
  51. Calkins, Chris. “The Apple Jack Raid: For This Barbarism There Was No Real Excuse.” Blue & Gray Magazine Summer 2005: 18-25 (OOB on page 60).
  52. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), pp. 314-315, 351: Ayoub’s text shows Detre assuming command only on November 22.
  53. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), pp. 314, 317-319, 351: Ayoub contradicts himself.  On page 314 of the text, he shows Lawrence in command until November 13.  He shows Haines as assuming command from November 13-21.  More research is needed.
  54. Vautier, John D. History of the 88th Pennsylvania Volunteers in the War for the Union, 1861-1865. Philadelphia: Printed by J.B. Lippincott, 1894, p. 204: “The division returned to camp on December 14…any extensive movement in this alluvial country being impossible, and only the usual hyemal work was done, enlivened by an occasional foray into the disputed territory when the weather permitted, Captain Lawrence being in command.”
  55. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), p. 351
  56. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1118: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
  57. Calkins, Chris. “The Apple Jack Raid: For This Barbarism There Was No Real Excuse.” Blue & Gray Magazine Summer 2005: 18-25 (OOB on page 60).
  58. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 329: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
  59. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 742: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
  60. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 96), page 66: “Return of Casualties in the Union forces at Hatcher’s Run (otherwise known as Dabney’s Mill, Armstrong’s Mill, Rowanty Creek, and Vaughan Road)… (February 5-7, 1865)”
  61. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), pp. 323, 351
  62. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 329: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
  63. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), pp. 325, 351
  64. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 742: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
  65. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), p. 322
  66. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), p. 325
  67. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 96), page 66: “Return of Casualties in the Union forces at Hatcher’s Run (otherwise known as Dabney’s Mill, Armstrong’s Mill, Rowanty Creek, and Vaughan Road)… (February 5-7, 1865)”
  68. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 570: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
  69. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 586: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
  70. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The Words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania, 1861-1865. Xlibris, 2010, p. 326.
  71. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), p. 351
  72. Vautier, John D. History of the 88th Pennsylvania Volunteers in the War for the Union, 1861-1865. Philadelphia: Printed by J.B. Lippincott, 1894, pp. 210-211: “April 15, then marched back to Wilson’s Station, under command of Captain Aaron Bright.”
  73. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), p. 326
  74. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), p. 326
  75. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), p. 326
  76. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
  77.  Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania 1861-1865 (Xlibris: 2010), p. 274
  78. Vautier, John D. History of the 88th Pennsylvania Volunteers in the War for the Union, 1861-1865. Philadelphia: Printed by J.B. Lippincott, 1894, pp. 191-195.
  79. Vautier, John D. History of the 88th Pennsylvania Volunteers in the War for the Union, 1861-1865. Philadelphia: Printed by J.B. Lippincott, 1894, p. 196.
  80. Vautier, John D. History of the 88th Pennsylvania Volunteers in the War for the Union, 1861-1865. Philadelphia: Printed by J.B. Lippincott, 1894, pp. 197-199.
  81. Vautier, John D. History of the 88th Pennsylvania Volunteers in the War for the Union, 1861-1865. Philadelphia: Printed by J.B. Lippincott, 1894, p. 201.
  82. Vautier, John D. History of the 88th Pennsylvania Volunteers in the War for the Union, 1861-1865. Philadelphia: Printed by J.B. Lippincott, 1894, pp. 201-202.
  83. Vautier, John D. History of the 88th Pennsylvania Volunteers in the War for the Union, 1861-1865. Philadelphia: Printed by J.B. Lippincott, 1894, p. 202.
  84. Ayoub, Michael N. The Campfire Chronicles: The Words and Deeds of the 88th Pennsylvania, 1861-1865. Xlibris, 2010, p. 310.
  85. Vautier, John D. History of the 88th Pennsylvania Volunteers in the War for the Union, 1861-1865. Philadelphia: Printed by J.B. Lippincott, 1894, p. 202.
  86. Vautier, John D. History of the 88th Pennsylvania Volunteers in the War for the Union, 1861-1865. Philadelphia: Printed by J.B. Lippincott, 1894, pp. 203-204.
  87. Vautier, John D. History of the 88th Pennsylvania Volunteers in the War for the Union, 1861-1865. Philadelphia: Printed by J.B. Lippincott, 1894, pp. 205-206.
  88. Vautier, John D. History of the 88th Pennsylvania Volunteers in the War for the Union, 1861-1865. Philadelphia: Printed by J.B. Lippincott, 1894, p. 208.
  89. Vautier, John D. History of the 88th Pennsylvania Volunteers in the War for the Union, 1861-1865. Philadelphia: Printed by J.B. Lippincott, 1894, p. 209.

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