85th Pennsylvania Infantry

   

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Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this unit’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Muster In: Organized at Uniontown October 16 to November 12, 1861.1
Muster Out: Mustered out November 22, 1864. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 188th Pennsylvania Infantry.2

Commander(s):
Lieutenant Colonel Edward Campbell
Commander Image

Commander 2
Commander Image

Commander 3
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | First Division | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army3,4

Second Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | First Division | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army6,7

Third Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | First Division | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army10,11

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Edward Campbell (July 31, 1864)12
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | First Division | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army13,14

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Edward Campbell (August 31, 1864)15
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | First Division | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army16,17,18,19

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: Portsmouth | District of Eastern Virginia | Department of Virginia and North Carolina | Union Army20,21

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Edward Campbell (October 31, 1864)22
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: A detachment of the 85th Pennsylvania remained with 1/1/X/AotJ after the main unit moved to Portsmouth, Va.23

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | First Division | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army (detachment only, from November 1-22, 1864) (Need source)

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: Mustered out November 22, 1864. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 188th Pennsylvania Infantry.24

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • No longer an independent command.25

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • No longer an independent command.26
  • Note: Company G of the 85th Pennsylvania under Lieutenant Absalom S. Dial served as the division Provost Guard for the First Division, XXIV Corps, Army of the James during this time.27,28

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles29:

  • Port Walthal June 16-17.
  • Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16 to November 22, 1864.
  • Ware Bottom Church June 20.
  • Demonstration on north side of the James at Deep Bottom August 13-20.
  • Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18.
  • Chaffin’s Farm, New Market Heights, September 28-30.
  • Darbytown Road October 7.
  • Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28.
  • Mustered out November 22, 1864.
  • Veterans and Recruits transferred to 188th Pennsylvania Infantry.

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    3. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 233
    4. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 553
    5. Volume 14 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 85th Pennsylvania Entry, Page 52; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    6. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 233
    7. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 553
    8. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 553
    9. Volume 14 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 85th Pennsylvania Entry, Page 52; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    10. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 263
    11. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 738
    12. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 738
    13. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 619: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    14. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 119: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (August 1864)”
    15. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 619: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    16. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1303.
    17. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 133: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (September-October 1864)”
    18. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 144: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (September-October 1864)”
    19. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 146: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (September-October 1864)”
    20. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 469: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    21. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 148: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces…Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road, Va., October 27-28, 1864”
    22. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 469: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    23. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 465: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    24. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    25. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    26. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    27. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 577: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    28. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 594: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
    29. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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