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Muster In: November 4, 18611
Muster Out: August 30, 18652

Commander(s):
Lt. Colonel John S. Hammell
JohnSHammell66thNYv073p3644L3

Captain Burton Davis
Commander Image

Captain Albert Gosse
Commander Image

Lieutenant Nathaniel P. Lane
Commander Image

Lieutenant Simon Pincus
SimonPincus66thNY4

Commander 5
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: Fourth Brigade | First Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army5

  • Commander:
    • Lt. Colonel John Sweeney Hammell (captured June 17, 1864)6
    • Captain Burton Davis[?]
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons: Enfield Rifles (.577 caliber) (June 30, 1864)7

Second Offensive Order of Battle: Fourth Brigade | First Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army8,9

  • Commander:
    • Captain Burton Davis (wounded June 22, 1864)
    • Unknown
    • Lieutenant Nathaniel P. Lane (assumed command on June 27, 1864)10
  • Unit Strength: 42 officers and men PFD (July 23, 1864)11
  • Weapons: Enfield Rifles (.577 caliber) (June 30, 1864)12
  • Note: The 66th New York was temporarily assigned to the 64th New York from June 23 to probably around June 27, 1864 due to severe losses on June 22, 1864.13

Third Offensive Order of Battle: Fourth Brigade | First Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army14,15

  • Commander: Lieutenant Nathaniel P. Lane (July 31, 1864)16
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: Fourth Brigade | First Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army17,18

  • Commander: Lieutenant Simon Pincus (at least August 28-31, 1864)19,20
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: Fourth Brigade | First Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army21

  • Commander:
    • Lieutenant Simon Pincus (at least September 10, 1864)22
    • Captain Albert Gosse (at least October 12, 1864)23,24
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons: Enfield Rifles (.577 caliber) (September 30, 1864)25

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: Fourth Brigade | First Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army26

  • Commander: Captain Albert Gosse (October 31, 1864)27
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: Fourth Brigade | First Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army28

  • Commander: Captain Nathaniel P. Lane (December 31, 1864)29
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: Fourth Brigade | First Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army30,31

  • Commander: Captain Nathaniel P. Lane (January 31 & February 28, 1865)32,33
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: Fourth Brigade | First Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army34,35

  • Commander: Captain Nathaniel P. Lane (March 31, 1865)36
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Dyer’s Compendium Info:
Petersburg Campaign Battles37:

  • Before Petersburg June 16-18.
  • Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865.
  • Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad, June 22-23, 1864.
  • Demonstration on the north side of the James July 27-29.
  • Deep Bottom July 27-28.
  • Demonstration on north side of the James August 13-20.
  • Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14-18.
  • Ream’s Station August 25.
  • Reconnaissance to Hatcher’s Run December 9-10.
  • Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run, February 5-7, 1865.
  • Watkins’ House March 25.
  • Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.
  • Boydton and White Oak Roads March 29-31. Sutherland Station and fall of Petersburg April 2.

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    3. John S. Hammell image.  MOLLUS-Mass Civil War Photograph Collection, Vol. 73, Page 3644L.  United States Army Heritage and Education Center, Carlisle, PA.
    4. This image of Lt. Simon Pincus was graciously provided by Ross Schacher.  Simon Pincus is Ross’s great great uncle.  Mr. Schacher is the sole owner of this image, and it may not be reproduced without his express written consent. Lt. Pincus had an eventful Civil War!  Ross writes: “Uncle Sime and Uncle Adolph fought in most of the battles with the Army of the Potomac. Uncle Sime was hit 15 or 16 times charging Marie’s Heights at the Battle of Fredricksburg; the surgeon pulled some 14 or 15 pieces of shrapnel from him afterwards. This following bit you can verify from an article in the Brooklyn Eagle. When Uncle Sime was in his 80’s, he started limping and went to the doctor. The doctor x-rayed his leg and asked Uncle Sime if he had been a hunting accident recently. Uncle Sime replied that he hadn’t touched a gun since the Civil War. THAT was when the doctor told him that he had a musket ball in his leg. He was operated on, and a musket ball was removed from where it had been in his leg for 67 & 1/2 years. Seems they thought it was a graze and just bandaged it up.”
    5. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), pages 219-220
    6. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 356
    7. Volume 13 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 66th New York Entry, Page 116; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    8. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), pages 219-220
    9. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 543
    10. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), page 543
    11. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 357: 2 officers and forty men present for duty
    12. Volume 13 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 66th New York Entry, Page 116; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    13. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 357: A Lieutenant Lane arrived at the front and assumed command of the 66th New York on June 27.
    14. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 252
    15. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 730
    16. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 730
    17. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 613: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    18. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), pages 117, 129: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (August 1864)”
    19. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), pages 279-280
    20. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 613: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    21. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1298.
    22. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), pages 356-357
    23. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), pages 357-358
    24. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), pages 278-279
    25. Volume 15 (Ordnance Returns for the Third Quarter, July-September, 1864); 66th New York Entry, Page 112; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    26. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 459: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    27. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 459: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    28. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1115: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    29. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1115: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    30. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 325: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    31. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 739: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    32. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 325: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    33. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 739: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    34. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 566: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    35. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 582: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
    36. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 566: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    37. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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