1st Maine Battalion Sharpshooters

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in Maine Infantry

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this unit’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Muster In: Organized at Augusta from October 27 to December 29, 1864.1
Muster Out: Transferred to 20th Maine Infantry June 21, 1865.2

Commander(s):
Captain George R. Abbott
Commander Image

Commander 2
Commander Image

Commander 3
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not yet in existence.3

Second Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not yet in existence.4

Third Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not yet in existence.5

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not yet in existence.6

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not yet in existence.7

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not yet present at the Siege of Petersburg.8

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: Defenses of City Point | Army of the Potomac | Union Army9

  • Commander: Captain George R. Abbott (December 31, 1864)10
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The 1st Maine Sharpshooters had two (2) companies at this time.11

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: Defenses of City Point | Army of the Potomac | Union Army12,13

  • Commander: Captain George R. Abbott (January 31 & February 28, 1865)14,15
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The 1st Maine Sharpshooters had six (6) companies at this time.1617

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle:

Defenses of City Point | Army of the Potomac | Union Army (March 1-17, 1865)

Third Brigade | First Division | V Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army (March 18-April 2, 1865)18,19

  • Commander: Captain George R. Abbott (March 31, 1865)20
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The 1st Maine Sharpshooters transferred from the Defenses of City Point to 3/1/V/AotP in March 1865, arriving near the 20th Maine and acting as a portion of that unit during the Ninth Offensive.21,22

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles23:

  • Companies “A” and “B” left State for City Point, Va., November 12, 1864. Assigned to duty at that point until January, 1865.
  • Company “C” organized November 29, 1864. Moved to Galloupe’s Island, Boston Harbor, thence moved to City Point, Va., January 1-5, 1865.
  • Company “D” organized December 2.
  • Company “E” organized November 28, and Company “F” organized December 29, 1864, all moved to City Point, Va., and Joined other Companies.
  • Ordered to Petersburg front and attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, Army Potomac, January to June, 1865.
  • Siege of Petersburg January 5 to April 2, 1865.
  • Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run, February 5-7.
  • Fort Fisher, Petersburg, March 25.
  • Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.
  • White Oak Road March 29.
  • Quaker Road March 30.
  • Boydton Road March 30-31.
  • Five Forks April 1.

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    3. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    4. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    5. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    6. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    7. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    8. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    9. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1114: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    10. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1114: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    11. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1114: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    12. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 324: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    13. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 738: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    14. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 324: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    15. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 738: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    16. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 324: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    17. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 738: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    18. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 569: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    19. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 585: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
    20. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 569: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    21. Thanks to Jamin Gjerman for reaching out and providing the exact date of March 18, which was located in the diary of Nathan S. Clark of the 20th Maine. Clark noted the 1st Maine Sharpshooter Battalion moved from City Point to the camp of the 20th Maine on that date, and was consolidated with the famous regiment. The Official Records shows the sharpshooters as a separate unit on March 31, 1865, but it seems likely they were attached to the 20th Maine and served with that unit.
    22. Nathan S. Clark, Nathan S. Clark Diary. 1864-65/March 18, 1865, Digital Maine Repository, Maine State Archives), Accessed 2/24/2021, https://digitalmaine.com/hist_docs/2/.
    23. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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