40th Massachusetts Infantry

   

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Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this unit’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Muster In: Organized at Lynn field August, 1862.1
Muster Out: Mustered out June 16.2

Commander(s):
Lieutenant Colonel John Pollack
Commander Image

Captain Wisner Park
Commander Image

Captain Leonard G. Dennis
Commander Image

Captain Charles A. Currier
Commander Image

Commander 5
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | First Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army3,4

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons: ? (Not listed in the June 30, 1864 Union Ordnance return.)

Second Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | First Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army5,6

  • Commander: Captain Wisner Park (June 30, 1864)7
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons: ? (Not listed in the June 30, 1864 Union Ordnance return.)

Third Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | First Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army8,9

  • Commander: Captain Leonard G. Dennis (July 31, 1864)10
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | First Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army11

  • Commander: Captain Wisner Park (August 31, 1864)12
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | First Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army13

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The 40th Massachusetts was temporarily detached and served with Colonel Joseph Potter’s Provisional Brigade during the Fifth Offensive.14

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | First Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army15,16

  • Commander: Captain John Pollack (October 31, 1864)17
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle:

Third Brigade | First Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army (November 1-December 3, 1864)18

Third Brigade | Third Division | XXIV Corps | Army of the James | Union Army (December 3-31, 1864)19

  • Commander: Captain John Pollack (December 31, 1864)20
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: On December 3, 1864, the X Corps and XVIII Corps of the Army of the James were reorganized into the XXIV Corps and the XXV Corps.

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | Third Division | XXIV Corps | Army of the James | Union Army21,22

  • Commander:
    • Captain John Pollack (January 31, 1865)23
    • Captain Charles A. Currier (February 28, 1865)24
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | Third Division | XXIV Corps | Army of the James | Union Army25,26

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel John Pollack (March 31, 1865)27
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles28:

  • Before Petersburg June 15-18.
  • Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865.
  • Hares Hill June 24 and 28.
  • Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30, 1864 (Reserve).
  • In trenches before Petersburg until August 27.
  • Moved to Bermuda Front August 27, thence to Bermuda Landing August 28, and provost duty there until September 29.
  • On the Bermuda Front until October 24.
  • Moved to Chaffin’s Farm on north side of the James, and duty there until March, 1865.
  • Expedition to Fredericksburg March 5-8, and up the Potomac River to the Yecomico, and to Kinsel’s Landing March 11-13, thence to White House March 13-18.
  • March to Signal Hill before Richmond March 24-26.
  • Occupation of Richmond April 3.
  • Moved to Manchester April 25 and provost duty there until June 16.

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    3. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 235
    4. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 554
    5. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 235
    6. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 554
    7. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 554
    8. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 265
    9. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 739
    10. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82, page 739
    11. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 621: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    12. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 621: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    13. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1304.
    14. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1304.
    15. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 466: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    16. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 151: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces…Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road, Va., October 27-28, 1864”
    17. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 466: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    18.  A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    19. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1125: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    20. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1125: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    21. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 335: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    22. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 749: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    23. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 335: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    24. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 749: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    25. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 578: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    26. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 595: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
    27. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 578: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    28. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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