23rd Massachusetts Infantry

   

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in Massachusetts Infantry

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this unit’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Muster In: Organized September 28, 1861.1
Muster Out: Mustered out June 25, 1865.2

Commander(s):
Lieutenant Colonel John W. Raymond
Commander Image

Captain Addison Center
Commander Image

Commander 3
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Second Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army3,4

Second Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Second Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army6,7

Third Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Second Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union10,11

  • Commander:
    • Captain John W. Raymond (July 27, 1864)12
    • Captain Addison Center (July 28 & 31, 1864)13,14
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Second Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army15

  • Commander:
    • Captain Addison Center (August 5, 1864)16
    • Lieutenant Colonel John W. Raymond (August 31, 1864)17
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Second Division | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army (September 1-4, 1864) (source needed)

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: Moved to New Berne, N. C., September 4-10.18

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • No longer present at the Siege of Petersburg.19

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle:

  • No longer present at the Siege of Petersburg.20

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • No longer present at the Siege of Petersburg.21

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • No longer present at the Siege of Petersburg.22

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles23:

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    3. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 236
    4. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 555
    5. Volume 13 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 23rd Massachusetts Entry, Page 85; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    6. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 236
    7. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 555
    8. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 555
    9. Volume 13 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 23rd Massachusetts Entry, Page 85; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    10. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 266
    11. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 740
    12. War Correspondence” Cape Ann Light and Gloucester Telegraph. August 6, 1864, p. 1 col. 4
    13. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 740
    14. War Correspondence” Cape Ann Light and Gloucester Telegraph. August 6, 1864, p. 1 col. 4: Captain Center arrived on July 28 and presumably took command that same day. “Capt. Center arrived here night before last.”
    15. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 621: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    16. “Letter from the 23d Mass. Reg’t.” Cape Ann Light and Gloucester Telegraph. August 13, 1864, p. 2 col. 4-5: “Capt. Center and the rest of the officers that were out here with us, came out right side up.” The way “GUARD” wrote this sentence implies Captain Addison Center was in command on August 5, 1864.  This is in line with the Official Records, which shows him in command on July 31 just a few days earlier. I am assuming Center was indeed in command on August 5.
    17. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 621: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    18. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    19. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    20. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    21. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    22. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    23. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    24. Letter from the 23d Mass. Reg’t.” Cape Ann Light and Gloucester Telegraph. August 13, 1864, p. 2 col. 4-5

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