21st Massachusetts Infantry

   

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in Massachusetts Infantry

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this unit’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Muster In: Organized at Worcester July 19 to August 19, 1861.1

Muster Out:  Non-Veterans left front August 18 and mustered out August 30. 1864. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 36th Massachusetts Infantry October 21, 1864.2

Commander(s):
Captain William H. Clark
Commander Image

Captain Orange S. Sampson
Commander Image

Lieutenant William H. Sawyer
Commander Image

Commander 4
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | First Division | IX Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army3

Second Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | First Division | IX Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army 6

Third Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | First Division | IX Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army10,11

  • Commander: Captain William H. Clark (July 31, 1864)12
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | First Division | IX Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army13,14

  • Commander: Captain Orange S. Sampson (August 31, 1864)15
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The 21st Massachusetts had only three (3) companies at this time.16,17

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Second Division | IX Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army18,19

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The 21st Massachusetts had three (3) companies at this time.20

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Second Division | IX Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army21,22

  • Commander: Lieutenant William H. Sawyer (October 31, 1864)23
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Veterans and Recruits transferred to 36th Massachusetts Infantry October 21, 1864.24
  • Note: The 21st Massachusetts had three (3) companies during the Battle of Boydton Plank Road on October 27-28, 1864 and probably throughout this offensive.  More research is needed.25

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle:

  • No longer an independent command.26

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • No longer an independent command.26

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • No longer an independent command.26

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles29:

  • Before Petersburg June 16-18.
  • Siege of Petersburg June 16-October 21.
  • Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30.
  • Non-Veterans left front August 18 and mustered out August 30. 1864.
  • Weldon Railroad August 18-21.
  • Poplar Springs Church, Peeble’s Farm, September 29-October 2.
  • Veterans and Recruits transferred to 36th Massachusetts Infantry October 21, 1864.

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    3. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 228
    4. Volume 13 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 21st Massachusetts Entry, Page 85; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    5. Volume 13 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 21st Massachusetts Entry, Page 85; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    6. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 549
    7. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 549
    8. Volume 13 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 21st Massachusetts Entry, Page 85; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    9. Volume 13 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 21st Massachusetts Entry, Page 85; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    10. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 259
    11. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 734
    12. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 734
    13. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 616: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    14. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 126: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (August 1864)”
    15. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 616: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    16. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 616: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    17. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 126: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (August 1864)”
    18. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1301.
    19. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 142: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (September-October 1864)”
    20. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 142: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (September-October 1864)”
    21. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 463: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    22. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 158: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces…Boydton Plank Road, Va., October 27-28, 1864”
    23. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 463: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    24. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    25. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 158: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces…Boydton Plank Road, Va., October 27-28, 1864”
    26. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    27. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    28. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    29. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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