11th Massachusetts Infantry

   

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Muster In: June 13, 18611
Muster Out: June 14, 18652

Commander(s):
Lieutenant Colonel Charles C. Rivers
Commander Image

Major Abram L. Lockwood (of the 120th New York?)
Commander Image

Captain Thomas H. Dunham
Commander Image

Commander 4
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: Fourth Brigade | Third Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army3,4

Second Offensive Order of Battle: Fourth Brigade | Third Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army7,8

Third Offensive Order of Battle:

Fourth Brigade | Third Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army (July 1-3, 1864)11

Third Brigade | Third Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army (July 3-31, 1864)12,13

  • Commander: Major Abram L. Lockwood (of the 120th New York?)(July 31, 1864)14
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The veterans and recruits of the 16th Massachusetts transferred to the 11th Massachusetts on July 11, 1864. 15

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | Third Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army16,17

  • Commander: Major Charles C. Rivers (August 31, 1864)18
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The 11th Massachusetts had only seven (7) companies at this time.19

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | Third Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army20,21

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The 11th Massachusetts had seven (7) companies at this time.22

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | Third Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army23

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Charles C. Rivers (October 31, 1864)24
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | Third Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army25

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Charles C. Rivers (December 31, 1864)26
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | Third Division | II Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army

  • Commander:
    • Captain Thomas H. Dunham (January 31, 1865)27
    • Lieutenant Colonel Charles C. Rivers (February 28, 1865)28
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles29:

  • Before Petersburg June 16-18.
  • Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865.
  • Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23, 1864.
  • Demonstration on north side of the James July 27-29.
  • Deep Bottom July 27-28.
  • Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30 (Reserve).
  • Demonstration on north side of the James River August 13-20.
  • Strawberry Plains August 14-18.
  • Peeble’s Farm, Poplar Grove Church, September 29-October 2.
  • Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run, October 27-28.
  • In front of Fort Morton November 5.
  • Expedition to Weldon Railroad December 7-11.
  • Watkin’s House March 25, 1865.
  • Appomattox C. H. March 28-April 9.
  • Crow’s House March 31.
  • Fall of Petersburg April 2.
  • Sailor’s Creek April 6.
  • High Bridge and Farmville April 7.
  • Appomattox C. H. April 9.
  • Surrender of Lee and his army.

Bibliography:

Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

Sources:

  1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
  2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
  3. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 222
  4. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 544
  5. Annual Report of the Adjutant-General, of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts…For the Year Ending December 31, 1864 (Boston: Wright & Potter, State Printers, No. 4 Spring Lane, 1865), p. 355: “June 12th. On this date the regiment, numbering fourteen commissioned officers and about two hundred and ninety enlisted men, whose term of service had expired, left the front for Boston. The remaining number, eight commissioned officers and three hundred and thirty-six enlisted men, composed of veterans and recruits, were organized into a battalion of five companies, in compliance with Special Orders from Headquarters Second Army Corps, of that date.”
  6. Volume 13 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 11th Massachusetts Entry, Page 83; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.: Only one of the four companies present at the front  (C0. A) had its weapons counted in the June 30 ordnance return.  Company G was in Washington, D.C. at the time.  Other companies are not listed.  The regiment was made into a battalion of five companies on June 12, 1864, when old members left the front.  More research is needed to see if the other remaining companies were also using Smoothbores.
  7. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 222
  8. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 544
  9. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 544
  10. Volume 13 (Ordnance Returns for the Second Quarter, April-June, 1864); 11th Massachusetts Entry, Page 83; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 7); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.: Only one of the four companies present at the front  (C0. A) had its weapons counted in the June 30 ordnance return.  Company G was in Washington, D.C. at the time.  Other companies are not listed.  The regiment was made into a battalion of five companies on June 12, 1864, when old members left the front.  More research is needed to see if the other remaining companies were also using Smoothbores.
  11. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 254
  12. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 254
  13. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 731
  14. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 731
  15. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 254
  16. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 614: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
  17. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 119: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (August 1864)”
  18. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 614: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
  19. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 614: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
  20. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1299.
  21. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 139: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (September-October 1864)”
  22. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 139: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (September-October 1864)”
  23. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), p. 460
  24. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), p. 460
  25. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), p. 1117
  26. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), p. 1117
  27. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), p. 327
  28. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), p. 740
  29. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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