13th Ohio Cavalry

   

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Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this unit’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Note: This unit served as infantry at the Siege of Petersburg until December 10, 1864, at which time it was transferred to the Army of the Potomac’s Cavalry Corps.  It is categorized as infantry because it spent more time in that arm of the service than in the cavalry.

Muster In: Organized by a consolidation of 4th and 5th Battalions Cavalry, and mustered in May 5, 1864.1
Muster Out: Mustered out August 10, 1865.2

Commander(s):
Lieutenant Colonel Noah H. Hixon
Commander Image

Lieutenant Colonel Stephen R. Clark
Commander Image

Captain Joshua Gore
Commander Image

Commander 4
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Third Division | IX Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army3,4,5

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Second Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Third Division | IX Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army6,7,8

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Noah H. Hixon (June 30, 1864)9
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Third Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Third Division | IX Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army10,11

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Noah H. Hixon (July 31, 1864)12
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Third Division | IX Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army13,14

  • Commander: Captain Stephen R. Clark (August 31, 1864)15
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The 13th Ohio Cavalry (dismounted) was a battalion of (?) companies at this time.16

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | First Division | IX Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army17,18

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | First Division | IX Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army19,20

  • Commander: Major Stephen R. Clark (October 31, 1864)21
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle:

First Brigade | First Division | IX Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army (November 1-December 12, 1864)) (Need source)

Unattached | Second Division | Cavalry Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army (December 12-31, 1864)22,23

  • Commander: Major Stephen R. Clark (December 31, 1864)24
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: This regiment participated in Warren’s Stony Creek, or “Apple Jack” Raid to Belfield and Hicksford, Virginia from December 7-12, 1864.25
  • Note: The 13th Ohio Cavalry was equipped for cavalry services on December 12, 1864. The unit was probably moved from the Ninth Corps to the Cavalry earlier than December 12, 1864 since it participated in the Stony Creek Raid from December 7-12, 1864.  The Ninth Corps did not participate. More research is needed, but for now I’ll leave the date as December 12.26

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle:

Unattached | Second Division | Cavalry Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army (January 1-?, 1865)

Third Brigade | Second Division | Cavalry Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army27,28,29

  • Commander:
    • Major Stephen R. Clark (January 31, 1865)30
    • Captain Joshua Gore (February 28, 1865)31
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: At some point in January 1865 the 13th Ohio Cavalry was added to 3/2/Cav/AotP.  On what day specifically did this happen?  More research is needed.
  • Note: This unit is listed in the casualty returns for the Battle of Hatcher’s Run, February 5-7, 1865, implying it was present during the Eighth Offensive and the battle.32

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: Third Brigade | Second Division | Cavalry Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army33,34

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Stephen R. Clark (March 31, 1865)35
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles36:

  • Before Petersburg June 16-19.
  • Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond, Va., June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865.
  • Mine Explosion July 30, 1864, Weldon Railroad August 18-21.
  • Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2.
  • Vaughan and Squirrel Level Road October 8.
  • Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run, October 27-28.
  • Equipped for Cavalry services December 12.
  • Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run, February 5-7, 1865.
  • Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.
  • Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31.
  • Five Forks April 1.
  • Fall of Petersburg April 2.
  • Amelia Springs April 5.
  • Sailor’s Creek and Harper’s Farm April 6.
  • Farmville April 7.
  • Appomattox Court House April 9.
  • Surrender of Lee and his army.

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    3. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 230: The Official Records indicate the regiment was assigned on June 29, 1864, after both the First and Second Offensives.  However, Dyer’s Compendium has the 13th Ohio Cavalry joining the First Brigade on June 8, 1864.  I have chosen to go with Dyer’s information for now.  More research is needed.
    4. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 550
    5. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3): “Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army Potomac, June 8 to August 10, 1864.”
    6. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 230: The Official Records indicate the regiment was assigned on June 29, 1864, after both the First and Second Offensives.  However, Dyer’s Compendium has the 13th Ohio Cavalry joining the First Brigade on June 8, 1864.  I have chosen to go with Dyer’s information for now.  More research is needed.
    7. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 550
    8. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3): “Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army Potomac, June 8 to August 10, 1864.”
    9. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 550
    10. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 260
    11. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 734
    12. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 734
    13. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 617: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    14. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 127: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (August 1864)”
    15. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 617: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    16. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 617: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    17. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1301.
    18. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 141: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (September-October 1864)”
    19. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 462: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    20. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 157: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces…Boydton Plank Road, Va., October 27-28, 1864”
    21. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 462: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    22. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1122: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    23. Calkins, Chris. “The Apple Jack Raid: For This Barbarism There Was No Real Excuse.” Blue & Gray Magazine Summer 2005: 18-25 (OOB on page 60).
    24. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1122: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    25. Calkins, Chris. “The Apple Jack Raid: For This Barbarism There Was No Real Excuse.” Blue & Gray Magazine Summer 2005: 18-25 (OOB on page 60).
    26. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    27. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 333: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    28. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 747: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    29. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 96), page 68: “Return of Casualties in the Union forces at Hatcher’s Run (otherwise known as Dabney’s Mill, Armstrong’s Mill, Rowanty Creek, and Vaughan Road)… (February 5-7, 1865)”
    30. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 333: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    31. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 747: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    32. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 96), page 68: “Return of Casualties in the Union forces at Hatcher’s Run (otherwise known as Dabney’s Mill, Armstrong’s Mill, Rowanty Creek, and Vaughan Road)… (February 5-7, 1865)”
    33. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 576: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    34. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 592: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
    35. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 576: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    36. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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