3rd New Jersey Cavalry

   

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in New Jersey Cavalry

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this unit’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Muster In: Organized at Camp Bayard, Trenton, N.J., and mustered in by Companies as follows: Company “A” January 26, Company “C” January 22, Company “E” January 4, Company “F” January 12, Companies “G” and “H” January 6, 1864; Company “D” December 2, 1863; Company “B” January 29, and Companies “I,” “K,” “L” and “M” March 24, 1864. March to Annapolis, Md., April 5-7, 1864.1
Muster Out: Mustered out August 1, 1865.2

Commander(s):
Colonel Andrew J. Morrison
Commander Image

Lieutenant Colonel Charles C. Suydam
Commander Image

Lieutenant Colonel William P. Robeson, Jr.
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: Cavalry Detachment | VI Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army3

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: This unit was temporarily detached from the Third Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac. 4

Second Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Third Division | Cavalry Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army5

  • Commander: Colonel Andrew J. Morrison (June 30, 1864)6
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Third Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Third Division | Cavalry Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army7,8

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Charles C. Suydam (July 31, 1864)9
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: A detachment of the 3rd New Jersey Cavalry under Lieutenant John S. Hough served as the personal escort for Major General Ambrose Burnside and was probably located at Ninth Corps Headquarters.10

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Third Division | Cavalry Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army

  • Not present at the Siege of Petersburg.11
  • Note: The Third Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac was ordered to Washington, D. C. on August 4-5, 1864 and embarked on or near August 6-7, 1864.12
  • Note: A detachment of the 3rd New Jersey Cavalry under Lieutenant John S. Hough served as the personal escort for Major General Ambrose Burnside and was probably located at Ninth Corps Headquarters.13

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not present at the Siege of Petersburg.14
  • Note: A detachment of the 3rd New Jersey Cavalry served as the personal escort for Major General Ambrose Burnside and served with Ninth Corps, Army of the Potomac.15

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not present at the Siege of Petersburg.16

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not present at the Siege of Petersburg.17

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not present at the Siege of Petersburg.18

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: First Brigade | Third Division | Cavalry | Army of the Shenandoah | Union Army19,20

  • Commander: Lieutenant Colonel William P. Robeson, Jr. (wounded April 1)(March 31-April 1, 1865)21
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: Sheridan’s cavalry from the Army of the Shenandoah, formerly the 1st and 3rd Divisions, Cavalry Corps, AotP, crossed the James River from the north side on March 26, 1865 to rejoin the Union Armies operating against Richmond and Petersburg.

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles22:

  • White Oak Swamp June 13.
  • Smith’s Store, near St. Mary’s Church, June 15.
  • Weldon Railroad June 20.
  • Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23.
  • Milford Station June 27.
  • Picket duty at City Point until July 16.
  • Duty at Light House Point July 16-25.
  • Before Petersburg July 25.
  • Mine Explosion, Petersburg, July 30 (Cos. “A” and “E”).
  • …away…
  • Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.
  • Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31.
  • Five Forks April 1.
  • Fall of Petersburg April 2.
  • Namozine Church April 3.
  • Sailor’s Creek April 6.
  • Appomattox Station April 8.
  • Appomattox Court House April 9.
  • Surrender of Lee and his army.

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    3. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 228
    4. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 228
    5. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 551
    6. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 551
    7. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 262
    8. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 736
    9. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 736
    10. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 259
    11. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    12. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), pages 61, 76 “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    13. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 616: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    14. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    15. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1301.
    16. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    17. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    18. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    19. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 575: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    20. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 591: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
    21. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 575: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    22. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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