5th United States Artillery, Battery F

   

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in United States Regular Artillery

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Muster In: Unit existed prior to the Civil War.1
Muster Out: Unit existed after the Civil War.2

Commander(s):
Lieutenant Leonard Martin
Commander Image

Lieutenant Alexander J. McDonald
Commander Image

Lieutenant Henry B. Beecher (of the 4th US, Btty L)
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: Camp Berry | Defenses of Washington | Union Army3

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons: 4 x 10-lb. Parrott Rifle, model 1861, 2.9″ bore (March 31, 1864)4

Second Offensive Order of Battle: Camp Berry | Defenses of Washington | Union Army5

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Third Offensive Order of Battle:

Camp Berry | Defenses of Washington | Union Army (July 1-?, 1864)6

Artillery Brigade | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army (July ?-31, 1864)7,8

  • Commander: Lieutenant Leonard Martin (July 31, 1864)9
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The 5th US Artillery, Battery F was moved from the Defenses of Washington to the Siege of Petersburg in July 1864 and attached to the Artillery Brigade of the Eighteenth Corps.  More research is necessary as to the exact date.10

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army11

  • Commander: Lieutenant Alexander J. McDonald (August 31, 1864)12
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army13,14

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: This battery accompanied the Eighteenth Corps in the field during the Fifth Offensive.15

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army16

  • Commander: Lieutenant Leonard Martin (October 31, 1864)17
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: This unit did not join the Eighteenth Corps in the field during the Battle of Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road on October 27-28, 1864.18

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle:

Artillery Brigade | XVIII Corps | Army of the James | Union Army (November 1-December 3, 1864)19

Artillery Brigade | XXIV Corps | Army of the James | Union Army (December 3-31, 1864)20

  • Commander: Lieutenant Leonard Martin (December 31, 1864)21
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: On December 3, 1864, the X Corps and XVIII Corps of the Army of the James were reorganized into the XXIV Corps and the XXV Corps.

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | XXIV Corps | Army of the James | Union Army22,23

  • Commander: Lieutenant Leonard Martin (January 31 & February 28, 1865)24,25
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | XXIV Corps | Army of the James | Union Army26,27

  • Commander: Lieutenant Henry B. Beecher (of the 4th US, Btty L)(March 31, 1865)28
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles29:

  • At Camp Barry, Defenses of Washington, D.C., until July, 1864.
  • Joined 18th Army Corps, Army of the James, before Petersburg, Va.
  • Siege of Petersburg and Richmond, Va., July, 1864, to April, 1865.
  • Battle of Chaffin’s Farm, New Market Heights, September 28-30, 1864.
  • Chaffin’s Farm October 29.
  • Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 2, 1865.
  • Fall of Petersburg and Richmond April 2.
  • Duty at Richmond and in Dept. of Virginia, until ?.

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

      Sources:

      1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
      2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
      3. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
      4. Volume 3 (Ordnance Returns for the First Quarter, January-March, 1864); 5th United States Artillery, Battery F Entry, Page 161; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 1); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.: Not many returns exist for June 30, 1864, and none exist past that, so I’ve made the decision to include the March 31, 1864 ordnance return data in the absence of better information.  I’ll add more immediate reports of tube numbers and types as they are found.
      5. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
      6. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
      7. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 267
      8. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 740
      9. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 740
      10. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
      11. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 622: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
      12. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 622: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
      13. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1304.
      14. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 136: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (September-October 1864)”
      15. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1304.
      16. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 467: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
      17. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 467: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
      18. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 152: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces…Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road, Va., October 27-28, 1864”
      19.  A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
      20. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1125: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
      21. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1125: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
      22. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 336: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
      23. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 750: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
      24. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 336: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
      25. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 750: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
      26. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 579: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
      27. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 595: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
      28. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 579: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
      29.  A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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