4th United States Artillery, Batteries C and E

   

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in United States Regular Artillery

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Note: These two batteries were consolidated on April 11, 1864, after the March 31, 1864 Ordnance returns were submitted.

Muster In: Unit existed prior to the war.1
Muster Out: Unit existed after the war.2

Commander(s):
Captain Marcus P. Miller
Commander Image

Lieutenant Charles L. Fitzhugh
Commander Image

Commander 3
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: Horse Artillery Brigade | Cavalry Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army3,4

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons: 4 x 12-lb. Napoleons (Btty C) & 4 x 3-inch Ordnance Rifles (Btty E) (March 31, 1864)5,6
  • Note: The battery was temporarily detached and assigned to the Third Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac in mid-June.  I am unclear on when they were reattached to the Horse Artillery Brigade.7

Second Offensive Order of Battle: Horse Artillery Brigade | Cavalry Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army8,9

  • Commander: Lieutenant Charles L. Fitzhugh (June 30, 1864)10
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Third Offensive Order of Battle: Horse Artillery Brigade | Cavalry Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army11,12

  • Commander: Lieutenant Charles L. Fitzhugh (July 31, 1864)13
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: Horse Artillery Brigade | Cavalry Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: Left the Siege of Petersburg on August 5, 1864.14

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • No longer present at the Siege of Petersburg.15

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • No longer present at the Siege of Petersburg.16

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle:

  • No longer present at the Siege of Petersburg.17

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • No longer present at the Siege of Petersburg.18

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery | First Division | Cavalry | Army of the Shenandoah | Union Army19,20

  • Commander: Captain Marcus P. Miller (March 31, 1865)21
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: Sheridan’s cavalry from the Army of the Shenandoah, formerly the 1st and 3rd Divisions, Cavalry Corps, AotP, crossed the James River from the north side on March 26, 1865 to rejoin the Union Armies operating against Richmond and Petersburg.

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles22:

  • Long Bridge June 12.
  • Riddell’s Shop June 13.
  • White Oak Swamp June 13.
  • Siege of Petersburg June 16-August 5.
  • Ream’s Station June 22.
  • Wilson’s Raid on Southside & Danville Railroad June 22-July 1.
  • Nottaway Court House June 23.
  • Staunton River Bridge June 25.
  • Sappony Church, Stony Creek, June 28-29.
  • Ream’s Station June 29.
  • …away…
  • Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.
  • Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31.
  • Five Forks April 1.
  • Scott’s Cross Roads April 2.
  • Tabernacle Church or Beaver Pond Creek April 4.
  • Sailor’s Creek April 6.
  • Appomattox Station April 8.
  • Appomattox Court House April 9.
  • Surrender of Lee and his army.

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    3. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 233
    4. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 551
    5. Volume 3 (Ordnance Returns for the First Quarter, January-March, 1864); 4th United States Artillery, Battery C Entry, Page 161; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 1); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.: Not many returns exist for June 30, 1864, and none exist past that, so I’ve made the decision to include the March 31, 1864 ordnance return data in the absence of better information.  I’ll add more immediate reports of tube numbers and types as they are found.
    6. Volume 3 (Ordnance Returns for the First Quarter, January-March, 1864); 4th United States Artillery, Battery E Entry, Page 161; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 1); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.: Not many returns exist for June 30, 1864, and none exist past that, so I’ve made the decision to include the March 31, 1864 ordnance return data in the absence of better information.  I’ll add more immediate reports of tube numbers and types as they are found.
    7. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 233
    8. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 233
    9. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 551
    10. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 551
    11. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 262
    12. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 736
    13. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 736
    14. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    15. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    16. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    17. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    18. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    19. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 575: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    20. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 591: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
    21. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 575: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    22. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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