1st United States Artillery, Battery M

   

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in United States Regular Artillery

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Muster In: Unit existed prior to the Civil War.1
Muster Out: Unit existed after the Civil War.2

Commander(s):
Captain Loomis L. Langdon
Commander Image

Lieutenant Egbert W. Olcott
Commander Image

Lieutenant A. Wayne Vogdes
Commander Image

Commander 4
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | First Division | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army3,4

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons: 3 x 12-lb. Napoleons (March 31, 1864)5

Second Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | First Division | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army6,7

  • Commander: Captain Loomis L. Langdon (June 30, 1864)8
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Third Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | First Division | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army9,10

  • Commander: Lieutenant Egbert W. Olcott (July 31, 1864)11
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army12

  • Commander: Captain Loomis L. Langdon (August 31, 1864)13
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army14,15

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army16

  • Commander: Captain Loomis L. Langdon (October 31, 1864)17
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: This battery does not appear to have participated in the Battle of Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road on October 27-28, 1864 because it is not listed in the Union casualty returns for that battle.18

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle:

Artillery Brigade | X Corps | Army of the James | Union Army (November 1-December 3, 1864)19

Artillery Brigade | XXV Corps | Army of the James | Union Army (December 3-31, 1864)20

  • Commander: Captain Loomis L. Langdon (December 31, 1864)21
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: Duty at New York during presidential election of 1864 November 2-17. Return to Army of the James November 17-22. 22
  • Note: On December 3, 1864, the X Corps and XVIII Corps of the Army of the James were reorganized into the XXIV Corps and the XXV Corps.

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | XXV Corps | Army of the James | Union Army23,24

  • Commander:
    • Captain Loomis L. Langdon (January 31, 1865)25
    • Lieutenant A. Wayne Vogdes (February 28, 1865)26
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Brigade | XXV Corps | Army of the James | Union Army27,28

  • Commander: Lieutenant Egbert W. Olcott (March 31, 1865)29
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles30:

  • Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865.
  • Duty on the Bermuda front June 16 to August 28, 1864.
  • Battle of Chaffin’s Farm, New Market Heights, September 29-30.
  • Darbytown Road October 7.
  • Duty at New York during presidential election of 1864 November 2-17.
  • Return to Army of the James November 17-22.
  • Duty in trenches before Richmond until March 27, 1865.
  • Appomattox Campaign March 27-April 9.
  • Hatcher’s Run March 28-April 2.
  • Fall of Petersburg April 2.
  • Pursuit of Lee April 3-9.
  • Appomattox Court House April 9.
  • Surrender of Lee and his army.

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    3. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 234
    4. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 553
    5. Volume 3 (Ordnance Returns for the First Quarter, January-March, 1864); 1st United States Artillery, Battery M Entry, Page 151; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 1); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.: Not many returns exist for June 30, 1864, and none exist past that, so I’ve made the decision to include the March 31, 1864 ordnance return data in the absence of better information.  I’ll add more immediate reports of tube numbers and types as they are found.
    6. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 234
    7. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 553
    8. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 553
    9. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 263
    10. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 738
    11. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 738
    12. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 620: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    13. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 620: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    14. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1303.
    15. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 134: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (September-October 1864)”
    16. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 466: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    17. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 466: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    18. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 150: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces…Fair Oaks and Darbytown Road, Va., October 27-28, 1864”
    19. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    20. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1127: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    21. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1127: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    22. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    23. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 337: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    24. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 751: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    25. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 337: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    26. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 751: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    27. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 580: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    28. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 597: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
    29. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 580: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    30. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

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