1st United States Artillery, Batteries H and I

   

0 comments

in United States Regular Artillery

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this unit’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Note: These two units were consolidated on April 20, 1864.

Muster In: Both batteries existed prior to the war.1
Muster Out: Both batteries existed after the war.2

Commander(s):
Captain Alanson M. Randol
Commander Image

Lieutenant Edwin L. Garvin
Commander Image

Lieutenant Theophilus B. von Michalowski
Commander Image

Lieutenant Chandler P. Eakin
Commander Image

Commander 5
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: Horse Artillery Brigade | Cavalry Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army3,4

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons: 4 x 12-lb. Napoleons (each, before consolidation)(March 31, 1864)5,6

Second Offensive Order of Battle: Horse Artillery Brigade | Cavalry Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army7,8

  • Commander: Captain Alanson M. Randol (June 30, 1864)9
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: Was located at Light House Point, Virginia starting on June 29.10

Third Offensive Order of Battle: Horse Artillery Brigade | Cavalry Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army (July 1-27, 1864)11,12

  • Commander: Captain Alanson M. Randol (July 31, 1864)13
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: Moved to Camp Barry, Washington, D.C. in late July.14

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery Park | Reserve Artillery | Army of the Potomac | Union Army15

  • Commander: Lieutenant Edwin L. Garvin (August 31, 1864)16
  • Not present at the Siege of Petersburg.17

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Second Division | Cavalry Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army18,19

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: Returned to the Siege of Petersburg on September [?], 1864.20

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: Artillery | Second Division | Cavalry Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army21,22

  • Commander: Lieutenant Edwin L. Garvin (October 31, 1864)23
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: This battery accompanied 2/2/Cav/AotP during the Battle of Boydton Plank Road on October 27-28, 1864.24

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Second Division | Cavalry Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army25,26

  • Commander: Lieutenant Theophilus B. von Michalowski (December 31, 1864)27
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: This regiment participated in Warren’s Stony Creek, or “Apple Jack” Raid to Belfield and Hicksford, Virginia from December 7-12, 1864.28

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Second Division | Cavalry Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army29,30,31

  • Commander: Lieutenant Chandler P. Eakin (January 31 & February 28, 1865)32,33
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The 1st U. S., Batteries H & I was attached to 2/2/Cav/AotP during the month of January 1865.34,35
  • Note: This unit is listed in the casualty returns for the Battle of Hatcher’s Run, February 5-7, 1865, implying it was present during the Eighth Offensive and the battle.36

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: Second Brigade | Second Division | Cavalry Corps | Army of the Potomac | Union Army37,38

  • Commander: Lieutenant Chandler P. Eakin (March 31, 1865)39
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The 1st U. S., Batteries H & I was attached to 2/2/Cav/AotP during this time but was temporarily detached and serving with Ninth Corps, Army of the Potomac during the Ninth Offensive.40

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles41:

  • Sheridan’s Trevillian Raid June 7-24.
  • Trevillian Station June 11-12.
  • Black Creek or Tunstall Station and White House or St. Peter’s Church June 21.
  • St. Mary’s Church June 24.
  • At Light House Point June 29-July 27. [SOPO Ed. Note: Where is this?  More research is necessary.]
  • …away…
  • Arthur’s Swamp September 29.
  • Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 1.
  • Wyatt’s Road October 1.
  • Boydton Plank Road October 27-28.
  • Warren’s Raid on Weldon Railroad December 7-12.
  • Dabney’s Mills February 5-7, 1865.
  • Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.
  • Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31.
  • Five Forks April 1.
  • Namozine Church April 3.
  • Paine’s Cross Roads April 5.
  • Sailor’s Creek April 6.
  • Appomattox Court House April 9.
  • Surrender of Lee and his army.

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    2. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    3. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 233
    4. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 551
    5. Volume 3 (Ordnance Returns for the First Quarter, January-March, 1864); 1st United States Artillery, Battery H Entry, Page 151; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 1); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.: Not many returns exist for June 30, 1864, and none exist past that, so I’ve made the decision to include the March 31, 1864 ordnance return data in the absence of better information.  I’ll add more immediate reports of tube numbers and types as they are found.
    6. Volume 3 (Ordnance Returns for the First Quarter, January-March, 1864); 1st United States Artillery, Battery I Entry, Page 151; Summary Statements of Quarterly Returns of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores on Hand in Regular and Volunteer Army Organizations, 1862-1867, 1870-1876. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M1281, Roll 1); Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, 1797-1969, Record Group 156; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.: Not many returns exist for June 30, 1864, and none exist past that, so I’ve made the decision to include the March 31, 1864 ordnance return data in the absence of better information.  I’ll add more immediate reports of tube numbers and types as they are found.
    7. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), p. 233
    8. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 551
    9. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 2 (Serial Number 81), p. 551
    10. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    11. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 1 (Serial Number 80), page 262
    12. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 736
    13. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XL, Part 3 (Serial Number 82), page 736
    14. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    15. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 612: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    16. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 2 (Serial Number 88), page 612: “Organization of the Army of the Potomac…August 31, 1864”
    17. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    18. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1297.
    19. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 143: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces (September-October 1864)”
    20. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
    21. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 464: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    22. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 159: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces…Boydton Plank Road, Va., October 27-28, 1864”
    23. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 464: “Organization of the Union Forces” (October 31, 1864)”
    24. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 1 (Serial Number 87), page 159: “Return of Casualties in the Union Forces…Boydton Plank Road, Va., October 27-28, 1864”
    25. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1122: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    26. Calkins, Chris. “The Apple Jack Raid: For This Barbarism There Was No Real Excuse.” Blue & Gray Magazine Summer 2005: 18-25 (OOB on page 60).
    27. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLII, Part 3 (Serial Number 89), page 1122: “Organization of the Union Forces” (December 31, 1864)
    28. Calkins, Chris. “The Apple Jack Raid: For This Barbarism There Was No Real Excuse.” Blue & Gray Magazine Summer 2005: 18-25 (OOB on page 60).
    29. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 333: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    30. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 746: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    31. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 96), page 68: “Return of Casualties in the Union forces at Hatcher’s Run (otherwise known as Dabney’s Mill, Armstrong’s Mill, Rowanty Creek, and Vaughan Road)… (February 5-7, 1865)”
    32. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 333: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    33. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 746: “Organization of the Union Forces” (February 28, 1865)
    34. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 333: “Organization of the Union Forces” (January 31, 1865)
    35. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 96), page 68: “Return of Casualties in the Union forces at Hatcher’s Run (otherwise known as Dabney’s Mill, Armstrong’s Mill, Rowanty Creek, and Vaughan Road)… (February 5-7, 1865)”
    36. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 96), page 68: “Return of Casualties in the Union forces at Hatcher’s Run (otherwise known as Dabney’s Mill, Armstrong’s Mill, Rowanty Creek, and Vaughan Road)… (February 5-7, 1865)”
    37. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 576: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    38. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 592: “Return of casualties in the Union Forces commanded by Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, March 29-April 9, 1865”
    39. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 576: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    40. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), page 576: “Organization of the Union Forces” (March 31, 1865)
    41. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)

    ***



    What are your Top 10 Gettysburg Books? See what a panel of bloggers said recently.

    { 0 comments… add one now }

    Leave a Comment

    Previous post:

    Next post: