5th Texas Infantry

   

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Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this regiment’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Muster In: October 1, 18611
Muster Out: April 9, 18652

Commander(s):
Captain Tacitus T. Clay
Commander Image

Captain William T. Hill
Commander Image

Commander 3
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: Gregg’s Brigade | Field’s DivisionFirst Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army3

  • Commander: Captain Tacitus T. Clay (Left hospital June 17 but was wounded and was again in the hospital at least from June 18-29, 1864)4,5,6,7
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Second Offensive Order of Battle: Gregg’s Brigade | Field’s DivisionFirst Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army8

  • Commander: Captain Tacitus T. Clay (Left hospital June 17 but was wounded and was again in the hospital at least from June 18-29, 1864)9,10,11,12
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Third Offensive Order of Battle: Gregg’s Brigade | Field’s Division | First Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army13

  • Commander:
    • ? (July 1-4, 1864)14
    • Captain Tacitus T. Clay (in the hospital at least July 1-4, 1864)15
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: Gregg’s Brigade | Field’s Division | First Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army16

  • Commander: Captain Tacitus T. Clay17,18
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: Gregg’s Brigade | Field’s Division | First Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army19,20

  • Commander:
    • Captain Tacitus T. Clay (September 29 & October 7, 1864)(wounded October 7, 1864)21,22,23
    • ? (October 7-13, 1864)
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: Gregg’s Brigade | Field’s Division | First Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army24

  • Commander: Captain William T. Hill (at least October 27, 1864)25
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: Gregg’s Brigade | Field’s Division | First Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army26,27

  • Commander: Captain William T. Hill (November & December 1864)28,27
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: Gregg’s Brigade | Field’s Division | First Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army30,31,32,33,34

  • Commander: Captain William T. Hill (January 1865)35,36,37
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: Gregg’s Brigade | Field’s Division | First Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army38,39

  • Commander:
    • None listed. (March 1865)40
    • Captain William T. Hill (April 1-2, 1865)41
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles42:

  • Petersburg Siege (June 1864-April 1865)
  • New Market Heights (September 29, 1864)
  • Chaffin’s Farm (September 29, 1864)
  • Fort Gilmer (September 29-30, 1864)
  • Williamsburg Road (October 27, 1864)
  • Appomattox Court House (April 9, 1865)

Bibliography:

Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

Sources:

  1. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Texas by Stewart Sifakis, pages 114-115
  2. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Texas by Stewart Sifakis, pages 114-115
  3. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 110
  4. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 110: Sibley refers readers to Clay’s compiled service record and states he was in the hospital from June 18-29, 1864.  I could find no evidence of this in the easily readable section of Clay’s records.  This might be in a handwritten portion of the records and further research is needed.
  5. Clay, Tacitus T. War Letters of Tacitus T. Clay. n.p, 1968. pp. 13-14: I do not have access to this book but Sibley writes that Clay “claims (he) commanded through September 1864”.
  6. Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Texas, National Archives, Roll 297 (Tacitus T. Clay, 5th Texas, Footnote.com Page 19): Company Muster Roll for May + June, 1864: Shows Clay as absent at the hospital.  This muster was probably taken the last day of June 1864.
  7. Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Texas, National Archives, Roll 297 (Tacitus T. Clay, 5th Texas, Footnote.com Page 45): Appears on a Richmond hospital list as being discharged on June 17, 1864
  8. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 110
  9. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 110: Sibley refers readers to Clay’s compiled service record and states he was in the hospital from June 18-29, 1864.  I could find no evidence of this in the easily readable section of Clay’s records.  This might be in a handwritten portion of the records and further research is needed.
  10. Clay, Tacitus T. War Letters of Tacitus T. Clay. n.p, 1968. pp. 13-14: I do not have access to this book but Sibley writes that Clay “claims (he) commanded through September 1864”.
  11. Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Texas, National Archives, Roll 297 (Tacitus T. Clay, 5th Texas, Footnote.com Page 19): Company Muster Roll for May + June, 1864: Shows Clay as absent at the hospital.  This muster was probably taken the last day of June 1864.
  12. Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Texas, National Archives, Roll 297 (Tacitus T. Clay, 5th Texas, Footnote.com Page 45): Appears on a Richmond hospital list as being discharged on June 17, 1864
  13. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 119
  14. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 119
  15. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 119
  16. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 129
  17. Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Texas, National Archives, Roll 297 (Tacitus T. Clay, 5th Texas, Footnote.com Page 21): Company Muster Roll for July + August, 1864: Shows Clay present with the remark he was acting Colonel.
  18. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 129
  19. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 138
  20. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1311.
  21. Field, Ron. Combat 2: Union Infantrymen Versus Confederate Infantrymen: Eastern Theater 1861-65 (Osprey: 2013), p. 61
  22. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 138
  23. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 147
  24. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 147
  25. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 147
  26. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 154
  27. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 163
  28. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 154
  29. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 163
  30. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 172
  31. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1171: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, commanded by General R. E. Lee, January 31, 1865”; This list contains many commanders who were not there.  They were the “official” commanders but may have been gone on leave.  I have used none of the leaders from this list as a result.
  32. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1179: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, January 31, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from January 26-31, 1865, and the leaders should be accurate for this time frame.
  33. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 182
  34. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1269: “Organization of the Infantry and Cavalry of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, February 28, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from February 28, 1865.  However, leaders listed are from January.  I’ve chosen to ignore the leaders and just use this source for the organization of the order of battle.
  35. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 172
  36. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1179: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, January 31, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from January 26-31, 1865, and the leaders should be accurate for this time frame.
  37. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 182
  38. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 191
  39. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 200
  40. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 191
  41. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 200
  42. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Texas by Stewart Sifakis, pages 114-115

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