1st Texas Infantry

   

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Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this regiment’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Muster In: August 18611
Muster Out: April 9, 18652

Commander(s):
Colonel Frederick S. Bass
Commander Image

Lieutenant Colonel Richard J. Harding
Commander Image

Captain William A. Bedell
Commander Image

Commander 4
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: Gregg’s Brigade | Field’s DivisionFirst Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army3

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Second Offensive Order of Battle: Gregg’s Brigade | Field’s DivisionFirst Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army4

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Third Offensive Order of Battle: Gregg’s Brigade | Field’s Division | First Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army5

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: Gregg’s Brigade | Field’s Division | First Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army6

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: Gregg’s Brigade | Field’s Division | First Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army7,8

  • Commander:
    • Colonel Frederick S. Bass (wounded October 7, 1864)9,10
    • ? (while Bass commanded the brigade)11
    • Lieutenant Colonel Richard J. Harding (September 29, 1864)12
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: Gregg’s Brigade | Field’s Division | First Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army13

  • Commander:
    • Colonel Frederick S. Bass (?)14,15
    • ? (IF Bass was in brigade command)
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: Gregg’s Brigade | Field’s Division | First Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army16,17

  • Commander: Captain William A. Bedell (November & December 1864)18,19
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: Gregg’s Brigade | Field’s Division | First Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army20,21,22,23,24

  • Commander:
    • Colonel Frederick S. Bass (Bass was in brigade command in January 1865, maybe for all of January into February, and also on February 27.)(Colonel Robert M. Powell was paroled Feb. 2 and took over brigade command by February 17)(January & February 1865)25,26
    • Captain William A. Bedell (January & February 1865)27,28,29
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: Gregg’s Brigade | Field’s Division | First Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army30,31

  • Commander:
    • None listed. (March 1865)32
    • Colonel Frederick S. Bass (April 1-2, 1865)33
  • Unit Strength: ~100 officers and men PFD (March 11, 1865)34
  • Weapons:

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles35:

  • Petersburg Siege (June 1864-April 1865)
  • New Market Heights (September 29, 1864)
  • Chaffin’s Farm (September 29, 1864)
  • Fort Gilmer (September 29-30, 1864)
  • Williamsburg Road (October 27, 1864)
  • Appomattox Court House (April 9, 1865)

Bibliography:

Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

Sources:

  1. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Texas by Stewart Sifakis, pages 106-108
  2. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Texas by Stewart Sifakis, pages 106-108
  3. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 110
  4. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 110
  5. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 119
  6. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 129
  7. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 138
  8. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1311.
  9. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 138
  10. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 147: Bass received a flesh wound but recovered “quickly.”  When did he return to command?  More research is needed.
  11. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 138
  12. Field, Ron. Combat 2: Union Infantrymen Versus Confederate Infantrymen: Eastern Theater 1861-65 (Osprey: 2013), p. 61
  13. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 147
  14. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 147: Bass received a slight flesh wound in the leg on October 7, 1864 at Darbytown Road, but he recovered quickly.  When did he resume command of the brigade or regiment?  It seems based on other evidence that Bass was still not in command of the Brigade in late October.  See the note from John Spencer’s From Corsicana to Appomattox. More research is needed.
  15. Spencer, John W. From Corsicana To Appomattox: The Story of the Corsicana Invincibles and the Navarro Rifles (The Texas Press: 1984), p. 102: Winkler took command of the Texas Brigade on October 7 when General Gregg was killed and Colonel Bass was wounded.  He apparently still commanded the brigade in late October 1864 as well.
  16. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 154
  17. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 162
  18. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 154
  19. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 162
  20. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 172
  21. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1171: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, commanded by General R. E. Lee, January 31, 1865”; This list contains many commanders who were not there.  They were the “official” commanders but may have been gone on leave.  I have used none of the leaders from this list as a result.
  22. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1179: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, January 31, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from January 26-31, 1865, and the leaders should be accurate for this time frame.
  23. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 182
  24. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1269: “Organization of the Infantry and Cavalry of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, February 28, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from February 28, 1865.  However, leaders listed are from January.  I’ve chosen to ignore the leaders and just use this source for the organization of the order of battle.
  25. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 172
  26. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 182
  27. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 172
  28. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1179: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, January 31, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from January 26-31, 1865, and the leaders should be accurate for this time frame.
  29. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 182
  30. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 190
  31. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 200
  32. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 190
  33. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 200
  34. Watts, Willis J. (1865, March 11). (Letter to Philip Gatherings). From the personal collection of John Stevens.  Used with permission.
  35. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Texas by Stewart Sifakis, pages 106-108

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