1st South Carolina Infantry (Provisional Army)

   

0 comments

in South Carolina Infantry

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this unit’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Muster In: Organized January 7, 1861.  Reorganized for the war July-August 1861.  Mustered into Confederate service August 17-September 7, 1861.1
Muster Out: April 9, 18652

Commander(s):
Colonel Comillus W. McCreary
Commander Image

Lieutenant Colonel Andrew P. Butler
Commander Image

Major Edward D. Brailsford
Commander Image

Captain William A. Kelly
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: McGowan’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army3

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Second Offensive Order of Battle: McGowan’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps| Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army4

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Third Offensive Order of Battle: McGowan’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army5

  • Commander:
    • Colonel Comillus W. McCreary6
    • Major Andrew P. Butler (at least July 28-August 2, 1864)7,8
  • Unit Strength:
    • ~160 officers and men PFD (July 28, 1864)9
    • ~105 officers and men PFD (July 29, 1864)10
  • Weapons:

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: McGowan’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army11

  • Commander:
    • Colonel Comillus W. McCreary12
    • Lieutenant Colonel Andrew P. Butler13
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: McGowan’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army14,15

  • Commander:
    • Lieutenant Colonel Andrew P. Butler (at least September 1, 1864)16
    • Colonel Comillus W. McCreary (wounded on September 30, 1864)17
    • ? (September 30, 1864)18
  • Unit Strength: 189 officers and men PFD (September 1, 1864)19
  • Weapons: .58 caliber rifles (presumably a mix of Enfields and Springfields)20

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: McGowan’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army21

  • Commander: Colonel Comillus W. McCreary22
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: McGowan’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army23,24

  • Commander: Colonel Comillus W. McCreary (November & December 1864)25,26
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: McGowan’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army27,28,29,30,31

  • Commander:
    • Colonel Comillus W. McCreary (no indication of his absence is given for January)(January & February 1865)32,33
    • Captain William A. Kelly (January 1865)34,35
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: McGowan’s Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army36,37

  • Commander:
    • None listed. (March 1865)38
    • Colonel Comillus W. McCreary (killed April 1)(April 1, 1865)39
    • Major Edward D. Brailsford (wounded April 1)(April 1, 1865)40
    • ? (after Col. Comillus was killed and Maj. Brailsford was wounded)(April 1-2, 1865)41
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles42:

  • Petersburg Siege (June 1864-April 1865)
  • Squirrel Level Road (September 30, 1864)
  • Jones’ Farm (September 30, 1864)
  • Pegram’s Farm (October 1, 1864)
  • Five Forks (April 1, 1865)
  • Appomattox Court House (April 9, 1865)

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: South Carolina and Georgia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 53-54
    2. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: South Carolina and Georgia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 53-54
    3. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 112
    4. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 112
    5. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 122
    6. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 122
    7. South Carolina Casualties.” Charleston (SC) Mercury. August 8, 1864, p. 1 col. 5: “Please publish the following list of casualties of the 1st South Carolina  Volunteers, (Major A.P. Butler commanding) of MCGOWAN’S Brigade, in the action of the 28th of  July, 1864, near Deep Bottom, Va…”
    8. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 122
    9. South Carolina Casualties.” Charleston (SC) Mercury. August 8, 1864, p. 1 col. 5: “Total killed . . . . 3    Total wounded . . . .30    Total missing . . . .22     The regiment went into action with about 160 men. A.F. Miller. 1st Lieutenant co. H. 1st S.C.V., and acting Adjutant.
    10. South Carolina Casualties.” Charleston (SC) Mercury. August 8, 1864, p. 1 col. 5: “Total killed . . . . 3    Total wounded . . . .30    Total missing . . . .22     The regiment went into action with about 160 men. A.F. Miller. 1st Lieutenant co. H. 1st S.C.V., and acting Adjutant.”
    11. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 130
    12. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 130
    13. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 130
    14. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 139
    15. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1312.
    16. Confederate Inspection Report 24-P-17: McGowan’s Brigade, September 1, 1864Inspection Reports and Related Records Received By the Inspection Branch in the Confederate Adjutant and Inspector General’s Office. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M935, Roll 10: Inspection Reports P-12 – 39-P-24); War Department Collection of Confederate Records, Record Group 109; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    17. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 139
    18. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 139
    19. Confederate Inspection Report 24-P-17: McGowan’s Brigade, September 1, 1864Inspection Reports and Related Records Received By the Inspection Branch in the Confederate Adjutant and Inspector General’s Office. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M935, Roll 10: Inspection Reports P-12 – 39-P-24); War Department Collection of Confederate Records, Record Group 109; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    20. Confederate Inspection Report 24-P-17: McGowan’s Brigade, September 1, 1864Inspection Reports and Related Records Received By the Inspection Branch in the Confederate Adjutant and Inspector General’s Office. (National Archives Microfilm Publication M935, Roll 10: Inspection Reports P-12 – 39-P-24); War Department Collection of Confederate Records, Record Group 109; National Archives Building, Washington, D.C.
    21. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 148
    22. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 148: McCreary had been wounded on September 30, 1864.  Did he return by October 14, 1864?  If not, then on what day DID he return?  More research is needed.
    23. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 157
    24. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 165
    25. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 157
    26. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 165
    27. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 174
    28. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1173: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, commanded by General R. E. Lee, January 31, 1865”; This list contains many commanders who were not there.  They were the “official” commanders but may have been gone on leave.  I have used none of the leaders from this list as a result.
    29. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1182: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, January 31, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from January 26-31, 1865, and the leaders should be accurate for this time frame.
    30. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 184
    31. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1272: “Organization of the Infantry and Cavalry of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, February 28, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from February 28, 1865.  However, leaders listed are from January.  I’ve chosen to ignore the leaders and just use this source for the organization of the order of battle.
    32. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 174
    33. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 184
    34. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 174
    35. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1182: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, January 31, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from January 26-31, 1865, and the leaders should be accurate for this time frame.
    36. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 193
    37. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 203
    38. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 193
    39. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 203
    40. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 203
    41. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 203
    42. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: South Carolina and Georgia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 53-54

    ***



    What are your Top 10 Gettysburg Books? See what a panel of bloggers said recently.

    { 0 comments… add one now }

    Leave a Comment

    Previous post:

    Next post: