38th North Carolina Infantry

   

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in North Carolina Infantry

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this unit’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Muster In: Organized on January 17, 18621
Muster Out: April 9, 18652

Commander(s):
Colonel John Ashford
John Ashford 38th NC3

Commander 2
Commander Image

Commander 3
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: Scales’ Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army4

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Second Offensive Order of Battle: Scales’ Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps| Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army5

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Third Offensive Order of Battle: Scales’ Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army6

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: Scales’ Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army7

  • Commander: Colonel John Ashford8
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: Scales’ Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army9,10

  • Commander: Colonel John Ashford11
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: Scales’ Brigade operated with General Hoke’s Division from September 29 to October 3, 1864.12

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: Scales’ Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army13

  • Commander: Colonel John Ashford14
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: Scales’ Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army15,16

  • Commander: Colonel John Ashford (November & December 1864)17,18
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: Scales’ Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army19,20,21,22,23

  • Commander: Colonel John Ashford (January & February 1865)24,25,26
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: Scales’ Brigade | Wilcox’s Division | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army27,28

  • Commander:
    • Colonel John Ashford (wounded March 30)(March 1865)29
    • ? (after Col. Ashford was wounded)(March 1865)30
    • None listed. (April 1-2, 1865)31
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles32:

  • Petersburg Siege (June 1864-April 1865)
  • Reams’ Station (August 25, 1864)
  • Fort Harrison (September 29-30, 1864)
  • Jones’ Farm (September 30, 1864)
  • Hatcher’s Run (February 5-7, 1865)
  • Appomattox Court House (April 9, 1865)

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: North Carolina by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 138-139
    2. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: North Carolina by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 138-139
    3. Clark, Walter. Histories of the Several Regiments and Battalions from North Carolina in the Great War 1861-’65, Volume 2 (Nash Brothers: 1901), pp. 674-675
    4. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 112
    5. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 112
    6. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 122
    7. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 131
    8. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 131
    9. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 139
    10. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1312.
    11. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 139
    12. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1312.
    13. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 148
    14. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 148
    15. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 157
    16. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 165
    17. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 157
    18. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 165
    19. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 174
    20. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1173: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, commanded by General R. E. Lee, January 31, 1865”; This list contains many commanders who were not there.  They were the “official” commanders but may have been gone on leave.  I have used none of the leaders from this list as a result.
    21. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1182: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, January 31, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from January 26-31, 1865, and the leaders should be accurate for this time frame.
    22. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 184
    23. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1272: “Organization of the Infantry and Cavalry of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, February 28, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from February 28, 1865.  However, leaders listed are from January.  I’ve chosen to ignore the leaders and just use this source for the organization of the order of battle.
    24. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 174
    25. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1182: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, January 31, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from January 26-31, 1865, and the leaders should be accurate for this time frame.
    26. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 184
    27. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 193
    28. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 203
    29. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 193
    30. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 193
    31. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 203
    32. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: North Carolina by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 138-139

    ***



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