12th North Carolina Infantry

   

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in North Carolina Infantry

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this regiment’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Muster In: Organized for 12 months as the 2nd North Carolina Volunteers near Garysburg on May 15, 1861. Mustered into Confederate service on May 18, 1861. Redesignated as the 12th North Carolina on November 14, 1861.1
Muster Out: April 9, 18652

Commander(s):
Lieutenant Colonel William S. Davis
Commander Image

Major Robert W. Alston
Commander Image

Captain Kemp Plummer
Commander Image

Captain John A. Drake
Commander Image

Captain Plato Durham
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not yet present at the Siege of Petersburg.3

Second Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not yet present at the Siege of Petersburg.4

Third Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not yet present at the Siege of Petersburg.5

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not yet present at the Siege of Petersburg.6

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not yet present at the Siege of Petersburg.7

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • Not yet present at the Siege of Petersburg.8

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: Johnston’s Brigade | Pegram’s Division | Second Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army9

  • Commander: Captain Kemp Plummer (of the 12th NC)(was commanding the 12th NC and 23rd NC for at least part of this time) (December 1864)10
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The Second Corps, in the Shenandoah Valley since June 1864, was ordered to rejoin Lee at the Siege of Petersburg on December 9, 1864.  The Second Corps moved to Richmond and Petersburg over the next several days, remaining with Lee’s army through Appomattox.11

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: Johnston’s Brigade | Pegram’s Division | Second Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army12,13,14,15,16

  • Commander:
    • Captain John A. Drake (January 1865)17,18
    • Lieutenant Colonel William S. Davis (Davis resigned February 10)(February 1865)19
    • Captain Kemp Plummer (February 1865)20
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: Sibley indicates that shortly after (how long exactly?) the Battle of Hatcher’s Run, Johnston’s NC Brigade was transferred to North Carolina. However, this brigade surrendered at Appomattox.  Did they leave?  If, so, for how long? They were back by March. More research is needed.21

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: Johnston’s Brigade | Pegram’s Division | Second Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army22,23

  • Commander:
    • Major Robert W. Alston (wounded March 25)(March 1865)24
    • Captain Kemp Plummer (wounded March 25 but stayed in command, again wounded on April 2 and gave up command)(March & April 1-2, 1865)25,26
    • Captain Plato Durham (after Plummer was wounded on April 2)(April 2, 1865)27
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Petersburg Campaign Battles28:

  • Petersburg Siege (from December 1864)(June 1864-April 1865)
  • Hatcher’s Run (February 5-7, 1865)
  • Fort Stedman (March 25, 1865)
  • Sayler’s Creek (April 6, 1865)
  • Farmville (April 7, 1865)
  • Appomattox Court House (April 9, 1865)

Bibliography:

    Petersburg Campaign Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: North Carolina by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 99-101
    2. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: North Carolina by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 99-101
    3. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: North Carolina by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 99-101
    4. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: North Carolina by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 99-101
    5. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: North Carolina by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 99-101
    6. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: North Carolina by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 99-101
    7. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: North Carolina by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 99-101
    8. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: North Carolina by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 99-101
    9. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 164
    10. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 164
    11. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 376
    12. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 173
    13. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1172: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, commanded by General R. E. Lee, January 31, 1865”; This list contains many commanders who were not there.  They were the “official” commanders but may have been gone on leave.  I have used none of the leaders from this list as a result.
    14. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1180: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, January 31, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from January 26-31, 1865, and the leaders should be accurate for this time frame.
    15. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 183
    16. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1270: “Organization of the Infantry and Cavalry of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, February 28, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from February 28, 1865.  However, leaders listed are from January.  I’ve chosen to ignore the leaders and just use this source for the organization of the order of battle.
    17. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 173
    18. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1180: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, General R. E. Lee, C. S. Army, commanding, January 31, 1865”; This order of battle was based off of inspection reports from January 26-31, 1865, and the leaders should be accurate for this time frame.
    19. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 183
    20. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 183
    21. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 183
    22. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 192
    23. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 202
    24. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 192
    25. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 192
    26. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 202
    27. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 202
    28. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: North Carolina by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 99-101

    ***



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