Richmond Johnson’s Virginia Artillery (Clutter’s VA Battery)

   

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in Virginia Artillery

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this unit’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Muster In: Organized circa March 18, 1862.1
Muster Out: April 9, 18652

Commander(s):
Lieutenant Clifton H. Wilkes
Commander Image

Lieutenant Lucas McIntosh
Commander Image

Commander 3
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: McIntosh’s Battalion | Third Corps Artillery | Third Corps| Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army3

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons: 2 x 3-inch Rifles, 2 x 12-lb. Napoleons (July 1, 1863 to December 28, 1864)4

Second Offensive Order of Battle: McIntosh’s Battalion | Third Corps Artillery | Third Corps| Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army5

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons: 2 x 3-inch Rifles, 2 x 12-lb. Napoleons (July 1, 1863 to December 28, 1864)6

Third Offensive Order of Battle: McIntosh’s Battalion | Third Corps Artillery | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army7

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons: 2 x 3-inch Rifles, 2 x 12-lb. Napoleons (July 1, 1863 to December 28, 1864)8

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: McIntosh’s Battalion | Third Corps Artillery | Third Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army9

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons: 2 x 3-inch Rifles, 2 x 12-lb. Napoleons (July 1, 1863 to December 28, 1864)10

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: Johnston’s Artillery Battalion | First Corps Artillery | First Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army11,12

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons: 2 x 3-inch Rifles, 2 x 12-lb. Napoleons (July 1, 1863 to December 28, 1864)13
  • Note: The battalion this battery was moved to in the crisis of the Fifth Offensive started as a temporary force, but was made permanent.14

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: Johnston’s Artillery Battalion | First Corps Artillery | First Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army15

  • Commander:
    • Lieutenant Clifton H. Wilkes (mortally wounded October 27, 1864)16
    • ? (October 27-31, 1864)
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons: 2 x 3-inch Rifles, 2 x 12-lb. Napoleons (July 1, 1863 to December 28, 1864)17

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: Johnston’s Artillery Battalion | First Corps Artillery | First Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army18,19

  • Commander: Lieutenant Lucas McIntosh (November & December 1864)20,21
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons: 2 x 3-inch Rifles, 2 x 12-lb. Napoleons (July 1, 1863 to December 28, 1864)22

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: Johnston’s Artillery Battalion | First Corps Artillery | First Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army23,24,25

  • Commander: None listed. (January & February 1865)26,27
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: Johnston’s Artillery Battalion | First Corps Artillery | First Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army28,29

  • Commander: None listed. (March – April 2, 1865)30,31
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles32:

  • Petersburg Siege (June 1864-April 1865)
  • Appomattox Court House (April 9, 1865)

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 75-76
    2. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 75-76
    3. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., p. 113
    4. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 75-76: Sifakis lists this battery as having 2 x 3-inch Rifles and 2 x 12-lb. Napoleons from July 1, 1863 to December 28, 1864.  The unit had this setup on both July 1, 1863 and December 28, 1864.  What is unclear is if Sifakis can correctly assume this setup never changed at any point in between those dates.  More research is needed.
    5. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., p. 113
    6. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 75-76: Sifakis lists this battery as having 2 x 3-inch Rifles and 2 x 12-lb. Napoleons from July 1, 1863 to December 28, 1864.  The unit had this setup on both July 1, 1863 and December 28, 1864.  What is unclear is if Sifakis can correctly assume this setup never changed at any point in between those dates.  More research is needed.
    7. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 122
    8. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 75-76: Sifakis lists this battery as having 2 x 3-inch Rifles and 2 x 12-lb. Napoleons from July 1, 1863 to December 28, 1864.  The unit had this setup on both July 1, 1863 and December 28, 1864.  What is unclear is if Sifakis can correctly assume this setup never changed at any point in between those dates.  More research is needed.
    9. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 131
    10. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 75-76: Sifakis lists this battery as having 2 x 3-inch Rifles and 2 x 12-lb. Napoleons from July 1, 1863 to December 28, 1864.  The unit had this setup on both July 1, 1863 and December 28, 1864.  What is unclear is if Sifakis can correctly assume this setup never changed at any point in between those dates.  More research is needed.
    11. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 138
    12. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1311.
    13. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 75-76: Sifakis lists this battery as having 2 x 3-inch Rifles and 2 x 12-lb. Napoleons from July 1, 1863 to December 28, 1864.  The unit had this setup on both July 1, 1863 and December 28, 1864.  What is unclear is if Sifakis can correctly assume this setup never changed at any point in between those dates.  More research is needed.
    14. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1311.
    15. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 148
    16. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 148
    17. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 75-76: Sifakis lists this battery as having 2 x 3-inch Rifles and 2 x 12-lb. Napoleons from July 1, 1863 to December 28, 1864.  The unit had this setup on both July 1, 1863 and December 28, 1864.  What is unclear is if Sifakis can correctly assume this setup never changed at any point in between those dates.  More research is needed.
    18. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 156
    19. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 163
    20. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 156
    21. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 163
    22. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 75-76: Sifakis lists this battery as having 2 x 3-inch Rifles and 2 x 12-lb. Napoleons from July 1, 1863 to December 28, 1864.  The unit had this setup on both July 1, 1863 and December 28, 1864.  What is unclear is if Sifakis can correctly assume this setup never changed at any point in between those dates.  More research is needed.
    23. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 173
    24. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1176: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, commanded by General R. E. Lee, January 31, 1865”; This list contains many commanders who were not there.  They were the “official” commanders but may have been gone on leave.  I have used none of the leaders from this list as a result.
    25. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 182
    26. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 173
    27. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 182
    28. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 191
    29. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 201
    30. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 191
    31. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 201
    32. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 75-76

    ***



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