Fauquier Virginia Artillery (Marshall’s VA Battery)

   

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in Virginia Artillery

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this unit’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Note: This unit was also known as Company A of the 38th Virginia Light Artillery Battalion.

Muster In: Organized by the conversion of 1st Company G, 49th Virginia Infantry Regiment, to artillery service in September or October 1861.1
Muster Out: April 9, 18652

Commander(s):
Captain William C. Marshall
Commander Image

Lieutenant Gray Carroll
Commander Image

Commander 3
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: Read’s Artillery Battalion | Artillery | Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia | Confederate Army3

  • Commander:
    • Captain William C. Marshall4
    • Lieutenant Gray Carroll5
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons: 2 x 20-lb. Parrotts, 4 x 12-lb. Napoleons (July 1, 1863 to December 28, 1864)6

Second Offensive Order of Battle: Read’s Artillery Battalion | Artillery | Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia | Confederate Army7

  • Commander:
    • Captain William C. Marshall8
    • Lieutenant Gray Carroll9
  • Unit Strength: 78 officers and men PFD (June 26, 1864)10
  • Weapons: 4 x guns (Napoleons?) (June 26, 1864)11,12

Third Offensive Order of Battle: Read’s Artillery Battalion | Artillery | Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia | Confederate Army13

  • Commander: Lieutenant Gray Carroll14
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons: 2 x 20-lb. Parrotts, 4 x 12-lb. Napoleons (July 1, 1863 to December 28, 1864)15

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: 38th Virginia (Read’s) Artillery Battalion | Artillery | Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia | Confederate Army16

  • Commander: Lieutenant Gray Carroll17
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons: 2 x 20-lb. Parrotts, 4 x 12-lb. Napoleons (July 1, 1863 to December 28, 1864)18

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: 38th Virginia (Read’s) Artillery Battalion | Artillery | Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia | Confederate Army19,20

  • Commander: Lieutenant Gray Carroll21
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons: 2 x 20-lb. Parrotts, 4 x 12-lb. Napoleons (July 1, 1863 to December 28, 1864)22

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: 38th Virginia (Read’s) Artillery Battalion | Artillery | Fourth Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army23

  • Commander:
    • Captain William C. Marshall24
    • Lieutenant Gray Carroll25
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons: 2 x 20-lb. Parrotts, 4 x 12-lb. Napoleons (July 1, 1863 to December 28, 1864)26

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: 38th Virginia (Read’s) Artillery Battalion | Artillery | Fourth Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army27,28

  • Commander: Captain William C. Marshall (November & December 1864)29,30
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons: 2 x 20-lb. Parrotts, 4 x 12-lb. Napoleons (July 1, 1863 to December 28, 1864)31

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: 38th Virginia Artillery Battalion | Artillery | Fourth Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army32,33,34

  • Commander: Captain William C. Marshall (January & February 1865)35,36
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons: 4 x 12-lb. Napoleons (January 1865)37

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle: 38th Virginia Artillery Battalion | Artillery | Fourth Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army38,39

  • Commander:
    • None listed. (March 1865)40
    • Captain William C. Marshall (April 1-2, 1865)41
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: The battery lost two guns (presumably Napoleons) at Sailor’s Creek on April 6, 1865.42

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles43:

  • Petersburg Siege (June 1864-April 1865)
  • Petersburg (June 17, 1864)
  • Appomattox Court House (April 9, 1865)

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

      Sources:

      1. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, p. 33
      2. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, p. 10
      3. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., p. 115
      4. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., p. 115
      5. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., p. 115
      6. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, p. 10: Sifakis lists this battery as having 2 x 20-lb. Parrotts and 4 x 12-lb. Napoleons from July 1, 1863 to December 28, 1864.  The unit had this setup on both July 1, 1863 and December 28, 1864.  What is unclear is if Sifakis can correctly assume this setup never changed at any point in between those dates.  More research is needed.
      7. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., p. 115
      8. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., p. 115
      9. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., p. 115
      10. Moore, Robert H., II. The Fayette, Hampden, Thomas, and Blount Artillery (H.E. Howard: 1991), p. 117: 7 officers and 71 men on June 26, 1864
      11. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, p. 10: Sifakis lists this battery as having 2 x 20-lb. Parrotts and 4 x 12-lb. Napoleons from July 1, 1863 to December 28, 1864.  The unit had this setup on both July 1, 1863 and December 28, 1864.  What is unclear is if Sifakis can correctly assume this setup never changed at any point in between those dates.  Obviously there is a difference on June 26, 1864.  More research is needed.  Based on other evidence in the book, these were probably four Napoleons.
      12. Moore, Robert H., II. The Fayette, Hampden, Thomas, and Blount Artillery (H.E. Howard: 1991), p. 117: On June 26, 1864, the battery had “4 guns.”
      13. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 124
      14. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 124
      15. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, p. 10: Sifakis lists this battery as having 2 x 20-lb. Parrotts and 4 x 12-lb. Napoleons from July 1, 1863 to December 28, 1864.  The unit had this setup on both July 1, 1863 and December 28, 1864.  What is unclear is if Sifakis can correctly assume this setup never changed at any point in between those dates.  More research is needed.
      16. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 134
      17. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 134
      18. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, p. 10: Sifakis lists this battery as having 2 x 20-lb. Parrotts and 4 x 12-lb. Napoleons from July 1, 1863 to December 28, 1864.  The unit had this setup on both July 1, 1863 and December 28, 1864.  What is unclear is if Sifakis can correctly assume this setup never changed at any point in between those dates.  More research is needed.
      19. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 142
      20. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1314.
      21. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 142
      22. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, p. 10: Sifakis lists this battery as having 2 x 20-lb. Parrotts and 4 x 12-lb. Napoleons from July 1, 1863 to December 28, 1864.  The unit had this setup on both July 1, 1863 and December 28, 1864.  What is unclear is if Sifakis can correctly assume this setup never changed at any point in between those dates.  More research is needed.
      23. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 150
      24. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 150
      25. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 150
      26. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, p. 10: Sifakis lists this battery as having 2 x 20-lb. Parrotts and 4 x 12-lb. Napoleons from July 1, 1863 to December 28, 1864.  The unit had this setup on both July 1, 1863 and December 28, 1864.  What is unclear is if Sifakis can correctly assume this setup never changed at any point in between those dates.  More research is needed.
      27. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 158
      28. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 167
      29. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 158
      30. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 167
      31. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, p. 10: Sifakis lists this battery as having 2 x 20-lb. Parrotts and 4 x 12-lb. Napoleons from July 1, 1863 to December 28, 1864.  The unit had this setup on both July 1, 1863 and December 28, 1864.  What is unclear is if Sifakis can correctly assume this setup never changed at any point in between those dates.  More research is needed.
      32. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 176
      33. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1178: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, commanded by General R. E. Lee, January 31, 1865”; This list contains many commanders who were not there.  They were the “official” commanders but may have been gone on leave.  I have used none of the leaders from this list as a result.
      34. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 186
      35. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 176
      36. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 186
      37. Moore, Robert H., II. The Fayette, Hampden, Thomas, and Blount Artillery (H.E. Howard: 1991), p. 122
      38. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 195
      39. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 204
      40. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 195
      41. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 204
      42. Moore, Robert H., II. The Fayette, Hampden, Thomas, and Blount Artillery (H.E. Howard: 1991), p. 123
      43. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia by Stewart Sifakis, p. 10

      ***



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