Washington South Carolina Artillery (Hart’s SC Battery)

   

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in South Carolina Artillery

Editor’s Note: Do you have information on this unit’s role at the Siege of Petersburg?  Please contact us using the Contact button in the menu at the top of the screen.  We are happy to exchange information with other researchers.

Muster In: Organized in June 1861.1
Muster Out: April 26, 18652

Commander(s):
Captain James F. Hart
Commander Image

Lieutenant E. Lindsley Halsey
Commander Image

Lieutenant F. M. Bamburg (1 section)
Commander Image

Commander 4
Commander Image

First Offensive Order of Battle: Breathed’s Artillery Battalion | Horse Artillery | Cavalry Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army3

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Second Offensive Order of Battle: Breathed’s Artillery Battalion | Horse Artillery | Cavalry Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army4

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Third Offensive Order of Battle: Breathed’s Artillery Battalion | Horse Artillery | Cavalry Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army5

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fourth Offensive Order of Battle: Breathed’s Artillery Battalion | Horse Artillery | Cavalry Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army6

  • Commander:
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:

Fifth Offensive Order of Battle: Chew’s Artillery Battalion | Horse Artillery | Cavalry Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army7,8

  • Commander: Captain James F. Hart9
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: This battery typically operated with Butler’s Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.10

Sixth Offensive Order of Battle: Chew’s Artillery Battalion | Horse Artillery | Cavalry Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army11

  • Commander:
    • Captain James F. Hart (at least October 27, 1864)(wounded October 27, 1864)12,13
    • ? (after Hart’s wounding)
    • Lieutenant F. M. Bamburg (1 section)14
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: This battery typically operated with Butler’s Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. (need source, probably an inspection report)

Seventh Offensive Order of Battle: Chew’s Artillery Battalion | Horse Artillery | Cavalry Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army15,16

  • Commander: Lieutenant E. Lindsley Halsey (November & December 1864)17,18
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons: 4 x 3-in Rifles (December 28, 1864)19
  • Note: This battery typically operated with Butler’s Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. (need source)

Eighth Offensive Order of Battle: Chew’s Artillery Battalion | Horse Artillery | Cavalry Corps | Army of Northern Virginia | Confederate Army20,21,22

  • Commander: None listed. (January & February 1865)23,24
  • Unit Strength:
  • Weapons:
  • Note: This unit appears to have left to join Butler’s Division in South Carolina at some point in February, but after the Battle of Hatcher’s Run, in which it was engaged.  Robert J. Trout indicated the transfer happened in “the middle of the month.”25,26

Ninth Offensive Order of Battle:

  • No longer present at the Siege of Petersburg.27

Dyer’s/Sifakis’ Compendium Info:
Siege of Petersburg Battles28:

  • Petersburg Siege (June 1864-April 1865)
  • Vaughan Road (October 1, 1864)

Bibliography:

    Siege of Petersburg Documents Which Mention This Unit:

    Sources:

    1. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: South Carolina and Georgia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 36-37
    2. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: South Carolina and Georgia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 36-37
    3. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., p. 114
    4. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., p. 114
    5. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 123
    6. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 133
    7. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 141
    8. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1310.
    9. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 141
    10. Sommers, Richard J. “Grant’s Fifth Offensive at Petersburg: A Study in Strategy, Tactics, and Generalship.  The Battle of Poplar Spring Church, the First Battle of the Darbytown Road, the Second Battle of the Squirrel Level Road, the Second Battle of the Darbytown Road (Ulysses S. Grant, Virginia).” Doctoral Thesis. Rice University, 1970. Print. p. 1310.
    11. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 151
    12. War History.” Anderson (SC) Intelligencer. September 15, 1897, p. 1 col. 3-9: “Hart’s grand old Battery of Horse Artillery was stationed by Gen. Butler along our line with guns commanding the field in front; this was after the gallant Maj. Hart had lost his leg about 12 m., but as usual Gunner Bamberg and Gunner Verdier were at their guns.”
    13. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 151
    14. A Cavalry Chronicle.” Anderson (SC) Intelligencer. June 8, 1882, p. 1 col. 1-3: “Gen. Hampton simply said, “Too late, Doctor,” and turned his horse’s head and rode over to where two guns of HART’S BATTERY, under Lieut. F. M. Bamberg (sic, Bamburg), were engaged in an artillery duel with apparently several batteries of the enemy stationed on a hill on the other side of a pine thicket.  And there, with compressed lips and flashing eye, the great hero directed the fire of those two guns until dark.”
    15. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 159
    16. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 168
    17. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 159
    18. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 168
    19. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: South Carolina and Georgia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 36-37
    20. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 177
    21. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 2 (Serial Number 96), page 1178: “Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, commanded by General R. E. Lee, January 31, 1865”; This list contains many commanders who were not there.  They were the “official” commanders but may have been gone on leave.  I have used none of the leaders from this list as a result.
    22. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 187
    23. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 177
    24. The Confederate Order of Battle, Volume 1: The Army of Northern Virginia by F. Ray Sibley, Jr., page 187
    25. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: South Carolina and Georgia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 36-37
    26. Trout, Robert J. Galloping Thunder: The Stuart Horse Artillery Battalion (Stackpole Books: 2002), p. 626
    27. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: South Carolina and Georgia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 36-37
    28. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: South Carolina and Georgia by Stewart Sifakis, pp. 36-37

    ***



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