Summary Of the Principal Events of the Siege of Petersburg in 1865

   

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in Part 1 (Serial Number 95)

PART I.

SUMMARY OF THE PRINCIPAL EVENTS.*

Jan. 1-April 3, 1865.-The Richmond (Virginia) Campaign.

2, 1865.-Scout from Benward’s Mills to South Quay, Va.

3-17, 1865.-Expedition to and capture of Fort Fisher, N. C., and its dependencies.

7, 1865.-The Second Division, Nineteenth Army Corps, leaves the Shenandoah Valley, VA., en route to Savannah, Ga.

11, 1865.-Capture of U. S. Forces at Beverly, W. Va.

11-15, 1865.-Scout from New Creek through Greenland Gap to Franklin, W. Va.

12, 1865.-The State of North Carolina merged into the Department of the South.

16, 1865.-The State of North Carolina designed as the District of NOrth Carolina in the Department of the South.

18, 1865.-Affair near Lovettsville, Va.

19, 1865.-Reconnaissance to Myrtle Sound and skirmish at Half-Moon Battery, N. C.

31, 1865.-The Department of North Carolina constituted,to consist of the State of North Carolina, and Major General John M. Schofield, U. S. Army, assigned to its command.

Feb. 1, 1865.-Bvt. Brigadier General William W. Morris, U. S. Army, in temporary command of the Middle Department.

3, 1865.-Affair near Harper’s Ferry, W. Va.

4-6, 1865.-Expedition from Winchester, Va., to Moorefield, Va.

5, 1865.-Skirmish at Charleston, W. Va.

6-7, 1865.-Scout from Fairfax Court-House to Brentsville, Va.

9, 1865.-General Robert E. Lee, C. S. Army, assumes command of the Confederate Armies.

11, 1865.-Affair at Williamsburg, Va.

11-15, 1865.-Expedition from Bermuda Hundred to Farnsville and Smithfield, Va.

13-17, 1865.-Expedition from Camp Russell (near Winchester) to Edenburg and Little Fort Valley, Va., and skirmishes.

15-16, 1865.-Scout from Fairfax Court-House to Aldie and Middleburg, Va.

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*Of some of the minor conflicts noted in this Summary no circumstantial reports are on file.

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Feb. 18-19, 1865.-Expedition from Camp Averell (near Winchester) into Londoun County, Va., and skirmish (19th) at Ashby’s Gap.

Scout in Prince William County, Va.

21, 1865.-Raid on Cumberland, Md.

23-24, 1865.-Expedition from Yorktown to West Point, VA.

26, 1865.-Major General Winfield S. Hancock, U. S. Army, assigned to the command of the Department of West Virginia, and temporarily of all the troops of the Middle Military Division not under the immediate command of Major-General Sheridan.

27-March 28, 1865.-Expedition from Winchester to the front of Petersburg, Va.

27-April 23, 1865.-Operations in the Shenandoah Valley.

March 3-8, 1865.-Operations about Warrenton, Bealeton Station, Sulphur Springs, Salem, and Centerville, Va.

5-8, 1865.-Expedition from Fort Monroe to Fredericksburg, Va.

7, 1865.-Skirmish near Flint Hill, Va.

10-11, 1865.-Expedition from Suffolk, Va., to Murfree’s Depot, N. C., with skirmish (10th) at South Quay, Va.

11-13, 1865.-Expedition from Fort Monroe into Westmoreland County, VA., with skirmish (12th) near Warsaw, Va.

12, 1865.-Skirmish near Peach Grove, Va.

12-14, 1865.-Scout in Loudoun County, Va.

14-16, 1865.-Scout from Philippi to Carrick’s Fort, W. Va.

14-17, 1865.-Scout from New Creek to Moorefield, W. Va.

18, 1865.-Skirmish near Dranesville, Va.

22, 1865.-Skirmish near Patteerson’s Creek Station, W. Va.

28-April 11, 1865.-Expedition from Deep Bottom, Va., to near Weldon, N. C., with skirmish.

29-April 9, 1865.-The Appomattox (Virginia) Campaign.

April 3, 1865.-President Abraham Lincoln visits Petersburg, Va.

4, 1865.-Capture of the steamer Harriet De Fort, near Fair Haven, Chesepeak Bay, Md.

President Abraham Lincoln visits Richmond, Va.

8-10, 1865.-Scout from Vienna into Loundoun County, Va.

Scout from Fairfax Court-House into Loundoun County, Va.

10, 1865.-Skirmishers near Burke’s Station and at Arundel’s Farm, Va.

14, 1865.-President Abraham Lincoln murderously assaulted by J. Wilkes Booth at Ford’s Theater, Washington, D. C.

15, 1865.-Death of President Abraham Lincoln from injuries received at the hands of J. Wilkes Booth.

15-23, 1865.-Scout through the counties of Randolph and Pocahontas, W. Va., and of Bath and Highland, Va.

19, 1865.-Major General Lewis Wallace, U. S. Army, resumes command of the Middle Department.

The Military Division of the James organized, to consist of the Department of Virginia and such parts of North Carolina not occupied by the command of General Sherman, and including the Army of the Potomac, and Major General Henry W. Halleck, U. S. Army, assigned to the command of the division.

22, 1865.-Major General Henry W. Halleck, U. S. Army, assumes command of the Military Division of the James.

23-29, 1865.-Expedition from Burkeville and Petersburg to Danville and South Boston, Va.

26, 1865.-Capture of J. Wilkes Booth and David E. Herold, at Garrett’s Farm, near Port Royal, Va.

April 26-May 5, 1865.-Operations in the Shenandoah Valley, Va.

May 6-14, 1865.-Expedition from Richmond to Staunton and Charlottesville, Va.

23, 1865.-The Army of the Potomac reviewed in the city of Washington, D. C.

June 1-13, 1865.-Expedition through Pocahontas and Pendleton Counties, W. Va., and Highland County, Va.

8, 1865.-The Sixth Army Corps reviewed in the city of Washington, D. C.

27, 1865.-Major General George G. Meade assigned to the command of the Military Division of the Atlantic; Major General Joseph Hooker, to the Department of the East; Major General Winfield S. Hancock, to the Middle Department; Major General Christopher C. Augur, to the Department of Washington; and Major General Alfred H. Terry, to the Department of Virginia.

30, 1865.-Major General W. Halleck, U. S. Army, relinquishes command of the Military Division of the James.

JANUARY 1-APRIL 3, 1865.-The Richmond (Virginia) Campaign.*

SUMMARY OF THE PRINCIPAL EVENTS.

Jan. 2, 1865.-Bvt. Major General Samuel W. Crawford, U. S. Army, in temporary command of the Fifth Army Corps.

Brigadier General Charles Devens, U. S. Army, in temporary command of the Twenty-fourth Army Corps.

8, 1865.-Major General Edward O. C. Ord, U. S. Army, assumes command of the Department of Virginia and North Carolina and Army of the James, vice Major General Benjamin F. Butler, relieved.

9, 1865.-Skirmish near Disputant Station.

11, 1865.-Major General George G. Meade, U. S. Army, resumes command of the Army of the Potomac.

12, 1865.-Major General John G. Parker, U. S. Army, resumes command of the Ninth Army Corps.

15, 1865.-Major General John Gibbon, U. S. Army, assumes command of the Twenty-fourth Army Corps.

17, 1865.-Bvt. Major General George W. Getty, U. S. Army, in temporary command of the Sixth Army Corps.

23-24, 1865.-Action at Fort Brady, James River.

24, 1865.-Bvt. Major General Orlando B. Willcox, U. S. Army, in temporary command of the Ninth Army Corps.

25, 1865.-Skirmish near Powhatan.

27, 1865.-Major General Gouverneur K. Warren, U. S. Army, resumes command of the Fifth Army Corps.

30, 1865.-Scout to Long Bridge and Bottom’s Bridge.

Feb. 2, 1865.-Major General John G. Parke, U. S. Army, resumes command of the Ninth Army Corps.

5-7, 1865.-Battle of Hatcher’s Run (otherwise known as Dabney’s Mill, Armstrong’s Mill, Rowanty Creek, and Vaughan Road).

6, 1865.-Major General Edward O. C. Ord, U. S. Army, assigned to the command of the Department of Virginia.

14, 1865.-Major General Horatio G. Wright, U. S. Army, resumes command of the Sixth Army Corps.

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*Continued from Vols. XL and XLII, and, in addition to the separate events here enumerated, embracing the siege of Petersburg and Richmond

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March 25, 1865.-Assault on Fort Stedman.

Action at the Watkins House.

Action at Fort Fisher.

29, 1865.-Engagement at Lewis’ Farm, near Grevelly Run.*

Skirmish at the junction of the Quaker and Boydton Roads.*

Skirmish on the Vaughan Road, near Hatcher’s Run.*

30, 1865.-Skirmish on the line of Hatcher’s Run and Gravelly Run.*

Skirmish near Five Forks.*

31, 1865.-Engagement at the White Oak Road, or White Oak Ridge.*

Action at Hatcher’s Run, or Bouydton Road.*

Engagement at Dinwiddie Court-House.*

April 1, 1865.-Battle of Five Forks.*

Skirmish at the White Oak Road.*

2, 1865.-Engagement at Sutherland’s Station, South Side Railroad.*

Assault upon and capture of fortified lines in front of Petersburg.*

Skirmish at Gravelly Ford, on Hatcher’s Run.

Action at Scott’s Cross-Roads.*

3, 1865.-Occupation of Richmond and Petersburg by the Union forces.*

REPORTS, ETC.+

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*Reports of events subsequent to March 28 are included in the Appomattox Campaign, for which see p. 557.

+See also report of Surg. Thomas A. McParlin, p. 607; of Asst. Surg. Elias J. Marsh, p. 618; and of Asst. Surg. Charles Smart, p. 692.

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