Number 141. Appomattox Reports of Lieutenant Colonel James W. Snyder, Ninth New York Heavy Artillery



in Appomattox Campaign Reports (95)

No. 141. Reports of Lieutenant Colonel James W. Snyder, Ninth New York Heavy Artillery.1

April 8, 1865.

I have the honor to report the part taken by the Ninth New York Artillery int he action of the 2nd of April to be as follows:

We moved out of camp at 12 o’clock midnight to the rear of the picket-line of the Third Division and halted, the regiment forming the second line. At 4 o’clock the order to advance was given, and we moved forward under a galling fire of artillery. As we moved toward the enemy’s works we left obliqued, and entered the fort in front of the left of the Third Division line, being the first to enter the work, capturing four guns, which were immediately brought to bear on the retreating foe with great [effect]. The guns were manned by men and officers of the regiment, and they handled them with great skill. We wheeled to the left and swept down the right of the rebel line, charging across a deep swamp, then wading to their breasts, and carried another fort, capturing two guns. The rebels rallied and charged upon us and drove us across the swamp again, where we held them for some time. The artillery, under charge of Major William Wood, of the regiment, dismounted one of the pieces at the first fire, which left them but one gun, which was soon silenced, when we charged again across the swamp and captured a great many prisoners. We moved on down the enemy’s line for a couple of miles, when we were halted and formed, then moved down the left of the enemy’s line toward Petersburg, before which we reached about 3 a.m.

To mention individual instances of bravery displayed in the battle by any single individual would be but doing injustice to others. Both officers and men did their whole duty, without a single exception; but I must speak of the field officers of my command in the highest terms: Major William Wood performed his duty nobly in urging the men forward to the assault, and, after carrying the works, in turning the enemy’s guns upon the with felling effect; Major A. S. Wood was active in urging the men forward; also, Bvt. Major S. B. Lamoreaux performed his duty well. The line officers all behaved themselves nobly; so [did] the whole command. Lieuts. Guy A. Brown and Bigelow were wounded while charging upon the enemy’s works at the head of the command. They should receive honorable mention for their gallantry.

Very respectfully,

Lieutenant-Colonel, Commanding.

Captain W. L. SHAW,
Acting Assistant Adjutant-General.

April 15, 1865.

I have the honor to report the following to be the part taken by the Ninth New York Artillery in the action at Sailor’s Creek, April 6:

The regiment was formed in the second line, and advanced through a wood in good order. After clearing the wood it made a right wheel and moved forward about 200 yards, when it made a left half-wheel. At

this time I was ordered to charge a battery that was in our immediate front in a piece of wood, which was firing shot and shell with great rapidity. We moved forward on the double-quick, and soon forced the battery to limber up and retire. They planted the battery again in a piece of woods across an open field and opened on us with a heavy fire, but our advance across the field caused it to again limber to the rear. The men were completely exhausted, having marched some eighteen miles, and receiving no rest before entering into action; if they had been fresh, we should have captured the battery without any doubt.

The men and officers behaved with their usual gallantry. I can but speak in the highest terms of the gallant conduct of Capts. George W. Brinkerhoff, Henry J. Rhodes, and Chauncey Fish. Major William Wood was severely wounded in the face while gallantly advancing under the enemy’s fire.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

Lieutenant-Colonel, Commanding.

Captain W. L. SHAW,
Acting Assistant Adjutant-General.


  1. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Volume XLVI, Part 1 (Serial Number 95), pp. 1002-1003


Check out TOCWOC – A Civil War Blog for more great Civil War content!

What are your Top 10 Gettysburg Books? See what a panel of bloggers said recently.

Want to read some interesting Civil War content from amateurs and pros alike? Check out the Top 10 Civil War Blogs and Top 10 Civil War Blogs: 11-20.

Leave a Comment

Previous post:

Next post: