864gaa: Union Siege Forces Assigned to the Army of the Potomac Before Petersburg June – October 1864

   

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in Army of the Potomac

                       Union Siege Forces
               Assigned to the Army of the Potomac
                        Before Petersburg
                       June - October 18641 

Table
I.   Artillery Placed prior to the explosion of the mine in front
     of IX Corps 30 July 1864

Date     Company          Commander    Armament    Location
June
 20   I, 1st Connecticut Cpt. Burton  3 30pdr     Battery 4
          Artillery                    Parrotts

 24   D, 1st Connecticut Cpt. Brigham 4 30pdr     Battery l
          Artillery                     Parrotts

 24   I, 1st Connecticut Lt. Jackson  4 8" Mortars Battery 10
          Artillery                     

 25   D, 1st Connecticut Lt. Lincoln  5 Coehorns   3 to Battery 9
          Artillery                                 2 to battery
                                                    near Fort
                                                    McGilvery

 27   F, 1st Connecticut Cpt. Dow     3 30pdr      Battery 5
          Artillery                    Parrotts
                                      4 8" mortars

 30   B, 1st Connecticut Cpt. Booker  6 4.5"guns   Battery 17
          Artillery                              

July
  6   A, 1st Connecticut Cpt. Gillet  4 8" mortars Battery 17
          Artillery

  8   G, 1st Connecticut Lt. Sergeant 2 8" mortars Near Battery 11
          Artillery

  9   G, 1st Connecticut Lt. Andrews  5 Coehorns   Near Battery 12
          Artillery  

  9   G, 1st Connecticut Cpt.Osborne  1 13" mortar on railroad
          Artillery                                 near Battery 3

 28   M, 1st Connecticut Cpt.Pratt    6 4.5" guns  Fort Morton
          Artillery

 28   K, 4th New York     Cpt.Gould   6 Coehorns  near Battery 11
          Artillery

 28  C, 1st Connecticut  Cpt.Pierce  10 10"mortars near Fort Rice
          Artillery
 28  A, 1st Connecticut  Lt.Patterson 6 8"mortars  near Battery 20
          Artillery

 29  H, 1st New York     Cpt.Brown    6 4.5"guns   Fort Sedgwick
          Artillery

 29  C, 1st New York     Lt.McPherson 6 Coehorns   in front of
          Artillery                                 Battery 15

Table
II.  Partial Gun Assignments 31 July

Battery             Armament            Remarks
Fort Sedgewick      6 4.5" guns         XV Corps front
Near Battery 20     6 8" mortars        ditto
Near Fort Rice     10 10" mortars       ditto
Battery 17          6 4.5" guns         ditto
Near Battery 18     6 Coehorns          ditto
Fort Morton         6 4.5" guns         IX Corps front
Near Battery 14     4 8" mortars        ditto
Battery 14          3 30pdr Parrotts    XVIII Corps front
Battery 1           4 30pdr Parrotts    ditto

Table
III. Modifications to siege forces August thru October.

Date     Company          Commander    Armament    Location
August
 5   I, 1st Connecticut  Lt.Jackson   1 13"mortar on railroad
          Artillery                                 near Battery 3

 5   H, 1st Connecticut  Lt.Cashin    5.8" Sawyer Battery Sawyer
          Artillery                      Gun        "Burst"

 9                                    2 12pdr     Sent to
                                       howitzers   Battery Burpee

 9   F, 1st Connecticut  Cpt. Dow     3 30pdr    Transferred to
          Artillery                    Parrotts    Battery 4 

12   B, 1st Connecticut  Lt.Cummings  1 100pdr   Sent to
          Artillery                    Parrott     Dutch Gap 

17   A, 1st Connecticut  Cpt.Gillet   4 10"mortars Sent to
          Artillery                   2 4.5" guns  Fort Morton

18   M, 1st Connecticut  Cpt.Pratt    4 4.5" guns  Sent to
          Artillery                                Fort Sedgwick

19                                    Sawyer field Sent to
                                        gun        Dutch Gap
                                                   from Battery
                                                   Prayn
22   B, 1st Connecticut  Cpt.Brooker  2 Coehorns  Sent to
          Artillery                                Dutch Gap

24                        2 12pdr howitzers        Received
                          1 20pdr Parrott          by the Army
                          1 32pdr navy gun         of the
                          1 8" siege howitzer      Potomac from
                          3 10" sea coast mortars  various
                          2 100pdr Parrotts        Arsenals

26                        3 8" mortars             Sent to
                                                   Dutch Gap
                          1 12pdr gun              Transferred
                                                   from Battery
                                                   Burpee to
                                                   Dutch Gap

27   I, 1st Connecticut  Lt.Jackson   1 13"mortar Battery 4
          Artillery                                 

31   M, 1st Connecticut  Cpt.Pratt    4 4.5" guns Battery 17
          Artillery                   

September
 7                                    1 32pdr gun Fort Monroe 

11   E, 1st Connecticut  Lt. Logan    3 30pdr     Battery 5
          Artillery                    Parrotts

12                                    4 Coehorns  Redoubt Dutton

27                                    1 20pdr     Battery Drake
                                       Parrott

28    M, 3rd Pennsylvania Cpt. Korte  2 8" siege  Fort Converse
          Artillery                    howitzers

28                                    1 13"mortar City Point

28   M, 1st Connecticut  Cpt.Pratt    4 4.5" guns Fort Morton
          Artillery                    

October
2                                     8 6pdrs     Captured guns
                                                   received from
                                                   XVIII Corps

3                                     8 6pdrs     Fort Monroe

5                               1 8" Columbaid     Captured guns
                                1 32pdr smoothbore received from
                                1 32pdr rifle      XVIII Corps
                                1 12pdr rifled
                                   Richmond gun
8    M, 1st Connecticut  Cpt.Pratt    4 4.5" guns To Battery 17
          Artillery                    

                                      4 4.5" guns Fort Monroe
                                      1 8" siege
                                        howitzer

13                                    1 30pdr rifled Captured gun
                                       Richmond gun  received from
                                                     XVIII Corps

14                               1 8" Columbaid      Fort Monroe
                                 1 32pdr smoothbore
                                 1 32pdr rifle
                                 1 12pdr rifled Richmond gun

14                                    2 8" mortars   Added to
                                                     Battery 20

15   C, 1st Connecticut  Cpt.Pierce   1 100pdr      From Battery
          Artillery                    Parrot        Spofford to
                                      3 3.5" guns   Ford Brady

20   C, 1st Connecticut  Cpt.Pierce   3 30pdr       Sent to a
          Artillery                    Parrotts      battery near
                                                     Fort Brady

25                                    2 Coehorns    to depot
                                      1 12pdr
                                      1 Sawyer field gun

26   M, 1st Connecticut  Cpt.Pratt    4 4.5" guns   to Fort
          Artillery                                   Sedgwick

26   M, 1st Connecticut  Lt.E.P.Mason 4 8" mortars  to Fort
          Artillery                                   Sedgwick

26                                    3 8" mortars  From Dutch
                                                     Gap to Fort
                                                     Brady

27   Miscellaneous det.   Maj.Trumbull 8 4.5 guns    to City
                                       2 30pdr       Point Lines
                                        Parrotts 

27   B, 1st Connecticut  Lt.Bannon    1 12pdr gun   Broadway
          Artillery                                  Landing
                                                     Redoubt

30   M, 1st Connecticut  Cpt.Pratt    4 4.5" guns   to Battery 17
          Artillery                                  from Fort
                                                      Sedgwick 

30   M, 1st Connecticut   Lt.Mason     4 8" mortars  to Battery 20
          Artillery                                   from Fort
                                                      Sedgwick

Table
IV.  Transfers of companies serving the siege batteries during the
     three months,  considered when moved without guns.  If moved

     without guns, the move is listed in Table III.

Date     Company             Commander       Location
August
2    A,B,I,M, 1st            Cpt. Booker     stationed  in depot
     Connecticut Artillery

2    C, 1st Connecticut      Cpt. Pierce     Relieved I Co. in
      Artillery                              Fort Burpee

2    G, 1st Connecticut      Cpt. Osborne    Relieved I Co. 1st
      Artillery                              New York, near
                                             Battery 11

2    D, 1st Connecticut      Cpt. Brigham    Relieved I Co. in
      Artillery                              Battery 11

4    I, 1st Connecticut      Cpt. Burton     Relieved M Co. 4th
      Artillery                              New York in
                                             Fort Converse

19                          Maj.Trumbull     placed in command
                                             of all siege
                                             artillery before
                                             Petersburg

29   K, 1st Connecticut      Lt.Twiss        Relieved H Co. at
      Artillery                              Battery Sawyer

September
1                            Cpt. Booker     Relieved Maj. Trumbull

2    C, 1st Connecticut      Cpt.Pierce      Relieved B Co. at
      Artillery                              Dutch Gap        

2    B, 1st Connecticut      Lt.Bannon       Relieved C Co. at
      Artillery                              Battery Burpee   

10                         Lt.Col.White      Relieved Cpt. Booker

11   E, 1st Connecticut      Lt.Logan        Relieved F Co. at
      Artillery                              Battery 5        

11   I, 1st Connecticut      Cpt.Burton      Relieved F Co. at
      Artillery                              Battery 4        

11   B, 1st Connecticut      Lt.Bannon       Relieved I Co. at
      Artillery                              Fort Converse    

11   A, 13th New York        Lt.Pratt        Relieved B Co. at
      Artillery                              Battery Burpee   

11   F, 1st Connecticut      Cpt.Dow         Relieved E Co. at
      Artillery                              Battery Pruyn    

11   C, 1st Connecticut      Lt.Pardee       Relieved K Co. at
      Artillery                              Battery Sawyer   

12   C, 1st Connecticut      Cpt.Pride       Relieved G Co. near
      Artillery                              Batteries 11 & 12

12   G, 1st Connecticut      Cpt.Osborne     Relieved L Co. at
      Artillery                              Redoubt Dutton

13   K, 1st Connecticut      Cpt.Ager        Relieved D Co. at
      Artillery                              Batteries 9 & 10
                                             near Fort McGilvery

13   D, 1st Connecticut      Cpt.Brigham     Relieved K Co. at
      Artillery                              Battery Anderson

28                           Maj.Booker      Relieved Lt.Col.White

28   A, 13th New York        Cpt.Pendrell    Relieved M Co., 3rd
      Artillery                              Pennsylvania,
                                             Redoubt Drake

30   B, 1st Connecticut      Lt.Bannon       Transferred to siege
      Artillery                              train depot 

October
16   H, 1st Connecticut      Lt.Cashin       Relieved C Co. at
      Artillery                              Battery Sawyer   

V. Location of Siege Artillery in front of Richmond 31 October

Battery                  Commanding Officer    Guns
Battery near Fort Brady  Cpt.H.H.Pierce        3 30pdr parrotts
Fort Brady               Cpt.H.H.Pierce        3 8" mortars
                                               3 4.5" guns
                                               2 100pdr parrotts
Battery Sawyer           Lt. T.D.Cashin        2 10" mortars
                                               1 100pdr parrott
Battery Wilcox           Lt. H.A.Pratt         1 10" mortar
Battery Parsons          Lt. H.A.Pratt         1 100pdr parrott
Battery Drake            Cpt.W.Pendrell        3 20pdr parrotts
Battery Carpenter        Cpt.W.Pendrell        2 12pdr howitzers
Battery Anderson         Cpt.C.O.Brigham       2 20pdr parrotts
Battery Pruyn            Lt.W.A.Lincoln        2 12pdr howitzers,
                                               2 20pdr parrotts,
                                               & 1 30pdr parrott
Battery Dutton           Cpt. W.F.Osborne      1 24pdr Coehorn
                                                 howitzer,
                                               2 32pdr howitzers,
                                               & 4 24pdr howitzer
Battery Burpee           Lt.H.C.Pratt          4 12 pdr howitzers
Battery Converse         Maj.Trumbull          2 8" siege howitzers
Broadway Landing Battery Cpt.J.H.Burton        1 12pdr gun
City Point Lines         Maj.T.S.Trumbull      2 30pdr parrotts
                                               & 8 4.5" guns
Battery 4                Lt.J.Odell            3 30pdr parrotts
Battery 5                Lt.R.S.Douglas        4 8" mortars
                                               & 3 30pdr parrotts
Batteries near Fort
     McGilvery           Lt.J.Odell            2 24pdr mortars
Battery 9                Lt.J.M.Twiss          3 24pdr mortars
Battery 10               Cpt.G.Ager            4 8" mortars
Battery 12               Cpt.W.G.Pride         11 24pdr Coehorn
                                               & 2 8" mortars
Fort Morton             Cpt.E.A.Gillet       4 10" siege mortars
                                               & 2 4.5" guns
Battery 17               Cpt.F.A.Pratt         4 4.5" guns
Battery 20               Lt.E.P.Mason          4 8" mortars
Depot                                          1 6pdr Sawyer rifle
                                               10 8" siege howitzers
                                               6 24pdr Coehorn
                                                howitzers,
                                               3 8" mortars,
                                               6 10" siege
                                                 howitzers,
                                               3 10" sea coast
                                                 mortars,
                                               1 13" sea coast
                                                 mortar,
                                               15 30pdr parrotts,
                                               & 6 100pdr parrotts

(Order of Battle From the George Nafziger Collection)2

Source:

  1. U.S. War Department, The War of the Succession, A Compilation of
    Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Government
    Printing Office; Washington D.C. 1882
  2. George Nafziger Order of Battle Collection

***



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